Wednesday, June 6, 2007

  • BREJD (Braid) James (1795-1860), the Scottish surgeon. Has offered the term "hypnosis" (1843); one of founders of medical application of hypnosis.
  • BREJDA-FIORD (Breidafjordur), a bay Atlantic ok., for coasts of Iceland. Length of 124 kms, width of 72 kms, depth of 50-100 m. Ports: Sandjur, etc.
  • BREJD-STREAMER (niderl. breedwimpel), a marine flag of a pricked size with a panel and braids of the different colour, assigned to commanders of connections of the ships{spacecrafts}, divisions and the higher on road.
  • BREJDI (Brady) Metju (ok. 1823-96), the American master of photoart. One of founders of the picture story (a series of the pictures dedicated a civil war 1861-65 in USA).
  • BREJER (Brojer) (Breuer) Marseilles (1902-1981), the American architect and the stylist. The native of Hungary, with 1937 in the USA. One of leaders funktsionalizma. In reinforced-concrete buildings, designs of furniture bridged a rationality to acute plastic expressiveness of a composition.
  • BREJL (Shave) (Breuil) Anri Eduar Prosper (1877-1961), the French archeologist, the explorer of virgin art. Transactionses on a paleolith.
  • BRAIN (Braine) John (1922-86), the English writer. Roman " the Path{Route} upward " (1957) is characteristic for mentalities of " annoyed pullet{young man} people ". In novels " Life overhead " (1962), " the Jealous god " (1964) - Freudian motives. The "Espionage" novel " the Devout agent " (1975).
  • BREJT (Breit) Greg (1899-1981), American physics. Was born in Russia, with 1915 - in the USA. Transactionses on a nuclear physics, theories of dissipation, high energy physics. Has offered (sovm. From J.Vignerom) the formula called as their names. One of pioneers of the accelerating technique.
  • BREJTENBAH (Breytenbach) Brejten (r. 1939), juzhnoafrikansky the writer, the journalist. Writes on African and English tongues. The collection of publicism " the Season in paradise " (1977-80), the novel " Memory on snow and a dust " (1989). Verses.
  • BREKENRIDZH (Brackenridge) Hju a Henry (1748-1816), the American writer. One of the first prose writers the USA. The risky satirical novel " the Modern knights " (1792-1805) about epoch frontira. Patriotic poems " Battle at Banker-Hille " (1776), " Mors of the general of Montgomery " (1777).
  • BRECCIA (ital. breccia), a hardpan detrital rock, folded angulate wreckages of different rocks in the dimension over 1 see. Distinguish vulkanogennye, sedimental and tectonic a breccia.
  • BREM (Brehm) Alfred Edmund (1829-84), the german zoologist, the educator. Supervision{observations}, borne from travelings across Africa, Europe, Zap. Siberia, etc., Life animal " (t have underlain ". 1-6, 1863-69, Russian transfer{translation} in 1911-15 and 1937-48). Due to alive descriptions of "mode of life" è "character" animal transactionses Brema (despite of an anthropomorphism inherent{intrinsic} in him) has become for many generations the best popular guiding on zoology. The director of the Hamburg zoological garden (1863-66), the creator of the Berlin aquarium (1867).
  • BURDEN (Bremen), ground in Germany. 0,4 thousand êì2. The population of 684 thousand person (1992). Adm. ts. - Bremen.
  • BREMENER Maks Solomonovich (1926-83), the Russian writer. In the prose noted by humour and observation, reverts to problems of youthful psychology, moral conflicts of duties. Books: " the Event with Steppe " (1955), " Drive is conducted from a class " (1960), " CHur, not the game! " (1962), "Presence of mind" (1969), "volost Grenadskaja" (1978), etc.
  • BREMER (Bremer) Frederik (1892-1982), Belgian nejrofiziolog. Has developed and has entered in a physiological experiment a method of an isolated brain. With the help of this method probeed a role of a reticular formation in a regulation of conditions of dream and a wakefulness. Has placed{installed}, that the cerebellum participates in a regulation of a tonus of muscles.
  • BREMERHAVEN (Bremerhaven), city in Germany, ground Bremen. 131 thousand inhabitants (1992). A fore bay of Bremen in a mouth r. Weser, one of main passenger ports of country, fish haven (over 50 % of fishing fleet of Germany). A machine industry, including shipbuilding, fish treatment, a chemical industry. A marine arsenal.
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