Wednesday, June 6, 2007

  • BRILLIANT (from frants. brillant, characters. - shining), flawless jeweller diamond, special which synthetic faceting as much as possible reveals his{its} luster. Due to a high dyspersion in an indirect light the brilliant "plays" all colours of a rainbow. The mass of a brilliant is measured in karats (0,2 ã).
  • The BRILLIANT, - the typographical font, a point which (dimension) is peer polygraphy to 3 points (ok. 1,13 mm); most small-sized of fonts. Has almost quitted from the use.
  • BRILLIANT - LERMAN of Barbarian Aleksandrovna (1888-1954), the Russian physiologist of plants. Has discovered (1925) phenomena of stimulation of a photosynthesis at a small dehydration of plants (" a phenomenon the Brilliant ").
  • TETRAETHYL-DIAMINO-TRIPHENYL-CARBOHYDRIDE SULPHATE, the main{basic} trifenilmetanovyj dye, an antiseptic agent; apply by the way water or alcoholic solutions to lubrication of a leather at its{her} diseases and damages.
  • BRILLJUEN (Brillouin) Leon (1889-1969), French physics, with 1941 in the USA. Transactionses on solid-state theory (has entered t. n. Brillouin zones), to a quantum mechanics, magnetism, radio physics, an information theory, philosophy of natural sciences.
  • BRILLJUENA ZONES, the polyhedrons constructed on fixed regulations in reciprocal lattice of a crystal. First Brilljuena the zone contains all physically nonequivalent least allowed quasimomentums defining a condition of electrons. Form Brilljuena of a zone is determined by a symmetry of a crystal. Concept Brilljuena a zone is used in theory a solid. It is offered to L.Brilljuenom in 1930.
  • BRINDISI (Brindisi), city and a port in JUzh. Italy, in range Apulia, in prol. Otranto, an administrative centre prov. Brindisi. 93 thousand inhabitants (1989). Oil processing and petrochemistry, pipe-rolling, air factories. A train ferry of Brindisi - Patras (Greece). In an antiquity the best Roman haven (under title Brundizy) on coast of the Adriatic m.
  • BRINELL (Brinell) JUhan August (1849-1925), the Swedish engineer. Transactionses on metallurgy of steel and hardness test of metals and alloys. Has offered (1900) method of hardness test of the metals, called as his{its} name.
  • BRINELLJA the METHOD, hardness test of metals by indentation in a test-piece of a steel well-tried bead. Brinell hardness is underlined in terms of NV (Hardness Brinell). It is called named Swedish engineer J.A.Brinellja.
  • BRINES (Brines) Fransisko (r. 1932), the spanish poet. Collections of lyrics " the Heated carbons " (1952), " Experience of parting " (1974, the amplate and supplemented issuing - 1984), " Autumn in pink to a garden " (1986, the National premium under the literature).
  • BRYOLOGY (from grech. bryon - a moss and... logija), the section of botany investigator mosses.
  • BRYONY, the same, that a bryony.
  • BRIOFITY, the same, that mosses.
  • BRISBANE (Brisbane), city and a port on the orient Australia, an administrative centre pieces. Queensland. 1,3 million inhabitants (1990, with suburbs). A machine industry, oil refining, chemical, a food-processing industry; ship-building shipyard. University.
  • BRISEIDA, in the Grecian mythology the daughter of tsar lelegov Briseja, captive Ahilla. Agamemnon has taken away her{it} for Ahilla after has been compelled to return belonging to him Hriseidu to its{her} father. It was the cause of anger Ahilla and quarrels between ahejskimi leaders (a scene of "Illiada" Gomera).
  • BRISSO (Brissot) Jacque Pierre (1754-93), the figure of the French revolution kon. 18 century, the leader zhirondistov. In the Convent with 1792 headed extirpation against jakobintsev. Under the sentence of the Revolutionary tribunal it is executed.
  • IVORY BAY Atlantic ok., for southwest coasts of the Great Britain. Length of 230 kms, depth up to 50 m. Primary ports: Bristol, Cardiff, Newport.
  • IVORY BAY Beringova in m., for southwest coasts of Alaska. Width for an orifice ok. 480 kms, depth of 27-54 m. Fishery (a cod, a flounder, etc.).
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