Wednesday, June 6, 2007

  • BRYUSOV Nadezhda Jakovlevna (1881-1951), the Russian musicologist, the figure in range of music education and enlightenment, the honored worker of arts of Russia (1950). Sister V.J.Bryusov. Transactionses on the musical pedagogics; to a technique of musical - theoretical education, a folk music.
  • BRUSSELS SPROUTS, biennial herbaceous plant of a stem cabbage of a set of a cruciferae family. In I peep use kochanchiki a dia of 2,5-5 sm which are generatrix on a stalk in axils of leaves (20-35 piece).
  • The BRUXELLES PACT 1948, the agreement for building the Western-European union.
  • BREWSTER (Brewster) Dejvid (1781-1868), Scottish physics, the foreign honorary member Petersburg AN (1830). Probeed polarization of light. Has placed{installed} (1815) law called as his{its} name, has discovered circular polarization. Has invented a kaleidoscope, has constructed lenss for beacons and has improved the stereoscope.
  • BREWSTER the LAW: if the light ray drops on a surface of dielectric bevel way?, which tangent is peer to refractive index (Brewster angle) light, reflected from a surface of dielectric, is completely polarized. D.Brjusterom in 1815 is established{installed}.
  • BRJUHOVETSKY Ivan Martynovich (?-1668), the hetman of Left-bank Ukraine in 1663-1668. Achieved branch of Ukraine from Russia; it is killed by cossacks.
  • BRJUHONENKO Sergey Sergeevich (1890-1960), the Russian physiologist. Has developed a method and has created the first artificial blood-circulation apparatus (avtozhektor) (1920-25) which used in experiences on dogs at revival of their organism after approach of clinical mors. In 1945-51 on method Brjuhonenko revival of an organism of the person implemented. The lenin premium (1965, posthumously).
  • CASTROPODA (snails), class of mollusks. A head routinely with feelers and a pair{vapour;couple} of eyes. The shell (the altitude from 0,5 mm up to 70 sm) is turbinal, for some misses. 3 subclasses: perednezhabernye, pulmonary, Opisthobranchia; ok. 90 thousand kinds{views}. Marine, freshwater and terraneous forms. Many Castropoda intermediate hosts of parasitic worms, a number{series} of terraneous forms damage garden and ogorodnye crops, some - object of a craft.
  • BRJUHORESNICHNYE SEA-WORMS, the same, that gastrotrihi.
  • PERITONEUM, the thin serosa lining from within walls of an abdominal cavity and coating{covering} organs located in her. A peritonitis - a peritonitis.
  • ABDOMINAL CAVITY, part of a secondary perigastrium, or tseloma; for vertebrates contains an internals, except for kidneys and heart, and for mammals - and lungs. For the person an abdominal cavity call also as a cavity of a belly.
  • TYPHOID, the acute contagion of the person called by a bacterium from a stem of salmonellas (a fever, a heavy general condition, a crop, a defeat of an intestines). Infection from ill and bakterionositelej through water, I peep, dirty arms{hand}, flies.
  • BRJANKA, city (with 1962) on Ukraine, Lugansk region, on r. Lozovaja. Depot (Avdakovo). 64,1 thousand inhabitants (1991). Production of mineral coal. Factory of a drilling equipment.
  • BRYANSK, city in the Russian Federation, the centre of Bryansk region, on r. Desna. A railway junction. 460,5 thousand inhabitants (1992). A machine industry and metal working (a software " Bryansk machine works ", " Bryansk motor-works ", "Brjanskselmash", etc.), chemical, mild (including a worsted software), alimentary, etc. an industry. 4 high schools. 2 museums. 3 theatres. It is known with 1146.
  • BRYANSK RANGE, in the Russian Federation. 34,9 thousand êì2. The population of 1464 thousand person (1992), urban 68 %. 15 cities, 31 urban settlement (1991.) Center - Bryansk. A surface flat. Mean temperatures of January? 7 °S, July 18-19 °S. A rainfall ok. 600 mm annually. The main river - Desna. A machine industry (diesels, transport, agricultural, building, road, textile machines, rigs, refrigerator sections, etc.) and metal working, chemical, a building materials, mild, alimentary, wood and a woodworking industry. Crops of grain and technical crops; a potato growing. A vegetable raising, a fruit growing. A dairy - beef cattle husbandry, a swine breeding. A poultry breeding. In Great Domestic war in Bryansk woods - the centre of guerilla motion.
  • BRYANSK (an ice-film. fam. Grigorjev) Jacob Grigorjevich (1790-1853), the Russian actor. With 1811 on the Petersburg scene. The representative of Russian classicism.
  • The BRYANSK PRINCIPALITY, old russian, across the upper and mean Desna, is based in 1246, with 1356 in the Great principality Lithuanian. To 1500 Bryansk and grounds of the principality are reunified with Russian state.
  • BRJANTSEV Alexander Aleksandrovich (1883-1961), the Russian producer, the national actor of the USSR (1956). On the scene with 1904. One of osnovatelej and the first chiefs of domestic theatre for children. The organizer (1921) and the main producer (up to 1961) Leningrad TJUZa. The state premium of the USSR (1950).
  • BRJANTSEV (Brjantsov) Andrey Mihajlovich (1749-1821), the Russian philosopher, the professor of the Moscow university (with 1795). One of first has acquainted Russian readers with philosophy of the Cant.
  • BRJANTSEV Dmitry Aleksandrovich (r. 1947), the Russian ballet dancer, the ballet master, the national actor of Russia (1989). In 1966-77 in band the Moscow classical ballet. Put ballets at Major theatre, the Leningrad theatre him{it}. S.M.Kirova, etc. With 1985 main ballet master of the Moscow musical theatre him{it}. K.S.Stanislavsky and V.I.Nemirovich - Danchenko. Has delivered ballets: " the Hussar ballad " T.N.Hrennikova (1979), R.K.Schedrin (1981) "Pipit - Gorbunok", " Optimistic tragedy " M.B.Bronnera (1985), etc. On the Leningrad television has delivered films - ballets "Galatea" (1977) and " the Aged tango " (1978).
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