Friday, June 8, 2007

  • BURHANOV SHukur (1910-87), the Uzbek actor, the national actor of the USSR (1959). With 1928 at the Uzbek theatre him{it}. Hamzy (Tashkent).
  • BURTSEV Vladimir Lvovich (1862-1942), the Russian publicist. The publisher of the log-book and the editor of the collection "was{Former}". Has exposed provocateurs of an imperial secret political police (E.F.Azefa, R.V.Malinovsky, etc.). After October revolution in emigration. Memories " In run of provocateurs " (the reprint issuing, 1989).
  • BURTSEV Vsevolod Sergeevich (r. 1927), the Russian scientist, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1992). Transactionses on guidance systems and theories of designing of a general purpose computer. The lenin premium (1966), the State premium of the USSR (1972).
  • BURTSOV Ivan Grigorjevich (1794-1829), the decembrist, the colonel. The participant of Domestic war of 1812 and oversea marchings. The member of " Soyuz of prosperity ". After revolt 14.12.1825 for 6 months it is encased in the Bobruisk strength. In 1827 it is transferbed{translated} to Caucasus. In 1829 general - major, the regiment commander. It is lethally wounded in battle with Turks.
  • BURTSOV-PROTOPOPOV Vasily Fedorovich, Russian eight-toothed engraver beetle of 17 century. Worked on Moskovsk a printed{published;stamped} yard in 1633-42, has manufactured{issued} 17 books, including first Moscow "Abc-book" (1634).
  • BURSHTEJN Rebecca Haimovna (1904-92), the Russian electrochemist. The honored worker of science and technique of Russia (1965). Transactionses on an adsorption, a contact catalysis. Has performed the first activity in the USSR on an adsorption of hydrogen on coal, has offered a new chemical current source (zhelezougolnyj an element). The state premium of the USSR (1943, 1952).
  • BORES, see. Afrikanery.
  • BROWN ALGAE, department of multicellular algae of brown colour. Will quite often derivate submerged "woods". Reproduction asexual (spores) and sexual. Ok. 1500 kinds{views} (250 stems), primarily in a strand of cool seas. Are used for obtaining a feed flour, iodine, some - in I peep (laminaria).
  • BROWN FOREST SOILS, soil type broad-leaved and mixed coniferous-broadleafed forests of a moderate belt. Contain 5-10 % of a humus, routinely slightly sour. Sample, opodzolennye, gley and opodzolennye gley. Cultivate tobacco, a grape, a soya bean, grain and vegetable crops. In Zap., Center. And Vost. To Europe (including. Carpathian mountains, Crimea), on Caucasus, the Far East Russian Federation, and also in China, Korea, the USA.
  • BROWN DESERTED - STEPPE SOILS, soil type of semideserts of a moderate belt. Contain 0,3-2 % of a humus. Subtypes: warm short-term freezing through, warm freezing through, etc. Distant pastures, hay fields, at an irrigation crops grain, bahchevyh, sunflower, etc. In Kazakhstan, Compare. Asia, China, the USA, Argentina.
  • BROWN IRON ORE, iron oxide; mineral education from oxyhydroxides gland, oxides and oxyhydroxides of silicium and aluminium. Main minerals: a goethite, a hydrogoethite, a haematite, a hydrohaematite, etc. The Main{Basic} deposits - sedimental and a weathering. Minimum percentage Fe of 30 %. Major deposits: in the Russian Federation, on Ukraine, in the USA, It is new. Caledonia, on Cuba.
  • BROWN BEAR, mammalian sets of bears. Length ok. 2 m. In woods of Eurasia and the Sowing. America (a subspecies - a grizzly), earlier - in the Sowing. To Africa. Object primarily game hunting. In some places is under guarding{preservation}.
  • BROWN COAL, fossil coal of the lowest degree of carbonification - a transitional form from peat to mineral coal. Firmness of organic mass of 1,2-1,5 g / sm3. Combustion heat of combustible mass of 22,6-31 MDZH/KG (5400-7400 kcal / kg). Brown coals are divided on humidity on technological groups: Á1 (over 40 %), Á2 (30-40 %) and Á3 (up to 30 %). Power-generating fuel and chemical raw material. Main basins are located in the Russian Federation, Germany, Poland, Czechia, Australia.
  • BURYN, city (with 1964) on Ukraine, the Sumy region. Depot (Putivl). 12,8 thousand inhabitants (1991). A food-processing industry.
  • BURE Lion Leonardovich (1887-1943), the Uzbek schedule{chart} and the painter, the honored worker of arts of Uzbekistan (1939). Has played the considerable role in a becoming Tadjik and Uzbek journalese schedules{charts}.
  • STORM, see. Strong gale.
  • BURYATIYA (Republic Buryatiya), in the Russian Federation, in the south Vost. Siberia. 351,3 thousand êì2. The population of 1059 thousand person (1992), urban 60 %; Buryats (249,5 thousand person, census 1989), Russian, ukraintsy, tartars, etc. 20 areas, 6 cities, 34 urban settlements (1991). Capital - Ulan-Ude. The terrain is located to the orient from an eskar. Baikal. A surface mountainous, an altitude up to 3491 m. A climate sharply continental. Mean temperatures of January? 24 °S, July 17 °S. A rainfall ok. 300 mm annually. The rivers: Selenga, Barguzin, Top part. Angara, running into an eskar. Baikal, and in-leak{influx} of Lena - r. Vitim. 4/5 terrains are forested. Reservations: Barguzinsky, Baikal. The Buryat nations have taken Pribaikalye and Transbaikalia in nach. 13 century. In it is grey. 17 century. Buryatiya was part of Russia. National - krepostnichesky the press has called revolts 1658, 1696. In 1918-19 it is occupied by Japanese and American interventionists. On April, 27 on January, 1921 and 9 1922 the Buryat - Mongolian independent{autonomous} region and the Mongolo-Buryat independent{autonomous} region which on May, 30 1923 were aggregated in Buryat - Mongolian Independent{Autonomous} SSR in structure of RSFSR, in 1958-91 - Buryat Independent{Autonomous} SSR are derivated. In October 1990 VS Buryatiya has accepted the Declaration on the state sovereignty. In December 1991 the law on introduction of a post{station} of the president is adopted. The machine industry and metal working, wood, wood-working and pulp and paper, a building materials, mild, a food-processing industry are developed. Production of brown coal, black lead; production and a thorough revision of volframo-moly ores, apatites, etc. Gusinoozerskaja a state district power station. Animal husbandry (a large horned stock; tonkorunnoe a sheep raising, a swine breeding, a poultry breeding). Crops grain and feed crops. Cultivate a potato and vegetables. Hunting of fur animals, a fur farming. Navigation on an eskar. Baikal, rr. Selenga and Barguzin.
  • The BURYAT HORSE, verhovo-uprjazhnaja aboriginal, is introduced and long since gets divorced in terrain of Buryatiya. Animal stunted, hardy, unpretentious, adapted to tabunnomu to the content and tebenevke. Are used for obtaining meat and milk.
  • " The BURYAT TRUTH ", monument of the customary law priangarskih the Buryat (bulagatov). It is recorded in 1693 Russian sluzhilym by person B.Serebrennikovym. 11 points keeping a list of crimes loose and slaves with notation of sanctions.
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