Friday, June 8, 2007

  • BURZHE (Bourget) Pol Charles Zhozef (1852-1935), the French writer. In numerous novels (including "Pupil", 1889) denied humanity of reason, contrasting him religious moral. Verses, an essay, literary criticism.
  • BURZHELA (Bourgelat) Klod (1712-79), the French scientist, one of founders of veterinary science in France, the organizer of the first veterinary schools in Europe (napr., in Lyons, 1761), the member Parisian and Berlin AN.
  • The BOURGEOIS (frants. bourgeois) (burgher), the town-dweller in countries of Europe in Middle Ages; representatives of a class of bourgeoisie.
  • The BOURGEOIS (Bourgeois) Leon (1851-1925), the French statesman, the lawyer. Took a number{series} of portfolios in government of France, in 1895-96 - the prime minister. In 1917 it is appointed as the chairman of the French commission on study of a capability of building of League of the Nations. Has put forward idea about necessity to resolve disputes and conflicts between countries with the help of international arbitration.
  • BOURGEOISIE (frants. bourgeoisie - town-dwellers), public proprietary classes of the capital, receiving incomes as a result of trade, industrial, credit and financial, etc. enterprise activity. Has arisen in conditions traditional (feudal, etc.) Societies, as a result of revolutions and reforms of 16-20 centuries has acquired the considerable economic and political influence, promoted the statement{confirmation} of an industrial society and market economy, values of liberalism and democracy. The modern bourgeoisie in developed countries actuates: large financial and industrial bourgeoisie to which the maximum layer control borders on; the considerable layer of the middle class aligning possession by the capital and enterpreneurial functions; petty bourgeoisie. In less developed countries formation of miscellaneous layers of bourgeoisie is connected to process of remodelling of a society. In countries where the socialist mode has been established{installed}, the bourgeoisie has been liquidated as a class. In a number{series} of such countries during a becoming of market economy and a civil society the social layer of private owners and businessmen is revived. See also the Postindustrial society.
  • STORMS (dr .-èñë. the parent), in the Scandinavian mythology mighty pervochelovek, arisen in the beginning of the world from salinous stones coated{obtected} with hoarfrost which were luck with cow Audumla. Father of Bohr, grandfather Odina.
  • BURIAN (Burian) Emil Frantishek (1904-59), the Czech producer, the composer, the playwright. In 1933 theatre " ä-34 " (Prague) where put ostropoliticheskie the performances decided by a new scenic means has based. Within fascist occupation has been encased in concentration camp.
  • BURIDAN (Buridan) Jean (ok. 1300 - ok. 1358), the French philosopher - sholast, the representative of a nominalism, promoted distribution{propagation} to France doctrines Okkama and of some natural-science ideas.
  • DRILLING HAMMER (punch), impactor (routinely air-operated{air-powered;pneumatic}) for a hole drilling (sometimes chinks). Are divided on manual (mass of 10-30 kg) and core (50-70 kg). A version core - teleskopnye (30-50 kg), are used for a hole drilling and chinks bottom-up.
  • BOUTS-RIMES (frants. bouts rimes - the rhymed cleaning cloth), verses on the given rhymes; the popular form society " mild poetry " 17-18 centuries.
  • BURINSKY the AGREEMENT, between Russia and China (called on r. A bore, to in-leak{influx} r. Argun; 20.8.1727), determined the Russian - Chinese border{limit} from saddle-point SHabin-Dabata (Western Sayan mountains) up to r. Argun (area of mound Abagajtu). Articles Burinskogo of the agreement have come in Kjahtinsky the agreement.
  • BURINSKY Eugeny Fedorovich (1849-1912), the scientist - criminalist, the creator first in Russia specialized criminalistic establishment - the St.-Petersburg judicial - dark-room. (1889). Transactionses on criminalistics and expert testimony in court.
  • BURIHIN Igor Nikolaevich (r. 1943), the Russian poet. With 1978 in emigration in Germany. The poetry is noted by a paradoxicality of comparisons and metaphoricalness, search of a new means of expressiveness (a collage, etc.), tendency to discharging of literary tradition. Collections of verses: " Wash the dwelling the word " (1978), " Metamorphosises{Transformations} on air tracks " (1981), " the Ode to the Major She-bear, etc. " (1991).
  • BURISHI (burishki, burushaski, vershiki), people in high mountain areas in northwest of India. Ok. 50 thousand person (1987). Tongue isolated. Moslems - shiity believing main{basic}.
  • BURKA, a tomentose storm coat for peoples of Caucasus. In a domestic cavalry 19 - it is grey. 50th of 20 centuries entered{included} in regimentals of the Caucasian connections and parts.
  • BURKI, warm boots from felted cloth or felt on a leather sole.
  • BURKOV George Ivanovich (1933-90), the Russian actor, the honored artist of Russia (1980). In 1964-80 in Moskovsk drama theatre him{it}. Stanislavsky, in 1980-88 (with rests) in Moskovsk Art Academic theatre, in 1984-87 in Moskovsk drama theatre him{it}. Pushkin. The distinguishing comedy actor; acted and in drama roles: Prochorus Zheleznov (the first version " Vassy ZHeleznovoj " M.Gorkogo), Stepan Golovlyov (" Sirs Golovlevy " on M.E.Saltykovu-ShChedrinu), etc. It was taken out in films: "Pechki-shops", " the Viburnum red ", " they combated for Rhodinum ", "Woundeds by a shot", " From life resting ", etc.
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