Wednesday, June 6, 2007

  • COOPERS Sergey Georgievich (r. 1929), the Russian literary critic. The main{basic} transactionses on poetics and histories of the Russian literature (including about A.S.Pushkin, N.V.Gogole, F.M.Dostoevskom, K.N.Leontjeve, A.P.Platonove).
  • BOCHVAR Anatoly Mihajlovich (1870-1947), Russian metalloved, the professor, the honored worker of science and technique of Russia (1933). Has created a number{series} new (antifrictional, etc.) alloys.
  • BOCHVAR Andrey Anatoljevich (1902-84), Russian metalloved, academician AN the USSR (1946), doubly the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1949, 1953). Son A.M.Bochvara. The main{basic} transactionses on crystallization, casting characteristics, recrystallizations and high-temperature strengthes of non-ferrous metals and alloys, to a physical metallurgy of uranium and plutonium. The lenin premium (1961), State premiums of the USSR (1941, 1949, 1951, 1953).
  • BARREL, in Russian stone and wooden 17-18 architecture of centuries a roof{cover} in the form of a semicylinder with the heightened and cuspidate top part, generatrix on a front a keeled frontispice. Traverse of two barrels will derivate kubovatoe cover{coating}.
  • BARREL, Russian arcaded volume measure of liquids, to equal 40 pails (491,96 ë).
  • BARREL, figure of flying - a complete revolution of an airplane (water elm) around of a centerline.
  • BARREL ROAD, the metal float bolstering a circuit (bridle), going from the anchor of major mass superjacent on a ground ("mooring anchor"). Barrels road establish{set} for parking courts outside of berthes.
  • BOCHKAI (Bocskai) Ishtvan (1557-1606), the chief antigabsburgskogo motions of 1604-06 peasants, town-dwellers, parts of nobility in the Hungarian kingdom. Has released of the Austrian troops a considerable proportion of a kingdom. In 1606 has signed the Austrian world keeping a number{series} of concessions Gabsburgov Hungarian znati.
  • BOTCHKAREV Ellin Petrovich (r. 1926), the Russian metallurgist, corresponding member Russian AN (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1981). Transactionses on technology of rare metals and semiconductive materials. The lenin premium (1964).
  • BOCHKIN Igor Ivanovich (r. 1957), the Russian actor. Worked in Moskovsk drama theatre him{it}. N.V.Gogolja. At kino has created stored modes{images} of contemporaries: Komsomol worker Nikolay Shumilina (" state of emergency of a regional scale ", 1989), Barhanova (" Crescent-shaped sand dunes and his{its} bodyguard ", 1996), etc. The Title role in a teleserial " Gorjachev and other " (1992-94).
  • BOCHCHONI (Boccioni) Umberto (1882-1916), the italian artist. One of leaders of futurism. In his{its} patterns the motive of overall construction, total transfiguration of the world dominates. In 1912 has addressed to a sculpture, aspiring directly to embody motive of motion, dynamic development of figures and things in the space. Has perished at the front 1-st world war.
  • BOSH (Bosch) Charles (1874-1940), the german chemist - technologist. Has created (1913) first plant of synthesis of ammonia under pressure on the iron catalyst. The Nobel Prize (1931, together with F.Bergiusom).
  • BOSHKOVICH (Boskovich) Rudzher Iosip (1711-87), physics, mathematician and the astronomer, the foreign honorary member Petersburg AN (1760). Was born in Dubrovnik (Dalmatia), worked in Italy and France. Basically transactionses " the Theory of natural philosophy... " (1758) has advanced the quality theory of a structure of substance and has stated a hypothesis about relation of character (an attraction or a repulsion) forces of interaction of particles from distance between them.
  • BOSHNJAK Nikolay Konstantinovich (1830-99), the Russian naval officer, the participant of expedition G.I.Nevelskogo. Probeed (1852) western shore of an island Sakhalin where has found hard-coal deposits. In 1853 has discovered convenient for parking fleet a bay - bay Hadzhi (nowadays the Soviet Haven), and also has constituted the description of the Tatar prol.
  • BOEF (3-2 centuries up to n. e.), the ancient greek sculptor, the moulder and torevt from Halkedona in Vifinii (M.Azija), son Afineja. Boefu the statue of the boy with the goose from temple Asklepija on Samos, known in numerous copies is attributed. It agrees Pliniju to the Higher, has created a statue Athenes in Lindose (Rhodes).
  • BOETSY (Boetius, Boethius) Anitsy Manly Severin (ok. 480-524), the Christian philosopher and the Roman statesman. Approximated Teodoriha, it is accused of a plot against him{it}, pending to execution wrote the main composition " Comfort philosophical ", were renowned in Middle Ages and rendered broad influence on the european literature. Has translated into on latin tongue logic compositions Aristotelja and the Porphyria, "Arithmetic" Nikomaha, "Beginnings" of Euclid. The writer kompiljativnogo the tract under the Grecian musical theory.
  • BOJADZHIEV Grigory Nersesovich (1909-74), the Russian theatrologist, the critic, the teacher, the doctor of art criticism, the professor. Among activities: " Poetry of theatre " (1960), "Moliere" (1967), " the Shower of theatre " (1974).
  • BOJADZHIEV Zlatju (1903-76), the Bulgarian painter. Reverting to traditions of art of Revitalization and national lubka, created epicheski the generalized scenes of national life, portraits, the landscapes distinguished by decorative effect of a composition, a sonority of colour.
  • BOJAN, archeologic crop of epoch of a neolith (4 thousand up to n. e.), in terrain of Romania, Bulgaria and Moldova. The title on an eskar. Bojan (Romania). Residues of settlements, ornamentirovannaja ceramics. An economy: agriculture, cattle breeding, a hunt, fishery.
  • BOJANUS (Bojanus) Ludwig Genrih (1776-1827), the anatomist and the zoologist, corresponding member Petersburg AN (1814). One of organizers of veterinary education in Russia. Transactionses on anatomy, an embryology, zoology, an epizootology and a zootechny.
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