Friday, June 8, 2007

  • GOBIES, set of fishes of order okuneobraznyh. Length 10-35 (sometimes up to 50) see. Ok. 600 kinds{views}, in coastal parts of seas of tropical and moderate latitudes, in saltish and fresh waters. Ok. 50 kinds{views} in Black, Azov, Caspian and Japanese seas. Object of a craft.
  • GOBIES Afanasy Fedorovich (1818-99), the Russian historian, arheograf, the academician Petersburg AN (1869). Chairman Arheograficheskoj of a commission. Transactionses on a history of the Russian literature and tongue, numismatics, archeology. Publications " Letters and papers Peter the Great ", annals.
  • GOBIES Ivan Afanasjevich (1858-1944), the Russian historian, arheograf, the bibliographer, corresponding member AN the USSR (1925; corresponding member Petersburg AN with 1903, corresponding member Russian AN with 1917). Son A.F.Bychkova. Has published the description of papers of Peter I, materials on a history of Russia of 19 century.
  • The BOVINE ROCK (Byci skala), a cave in Moravia where (1872) burial of the Celtic leader with 40 killed slaves is open{discovered}, a chariot, the weapons, a copper figurine of the bull.
  • BENNALE (biennial) (ital. biennale - biennial), spent for a number{series} of countries of times in two years of an exhibition, film festivals (napr., in Venice) and t. p..
  • BERKNES (Bjerknes), Norwegian geophysics, father and the son: 1) Wilhelm Friman Koren (1862-1951) - the founder "bergenskoj" (frontologicheskoj) scientific school in meteorology. The writer of the theorem of speedup of circulation in a liquid or gas, a wave theory of cyclones. Has developed dynamic methods of weather forecasting. Has based a weather service in Norway (1917...2) JAkob (1897-1975) - one of founders of the doctrine about atmospheric fronts. Transactionses on evolution of cyclones and their roles in general atmosphere circulation, a problem of influence of ocean on atmospheric processes, etc.
  • BERNSON (Bjornson) Bjernstjerne Martinius (1832-1910), the Norwegian writer, the public and theatrical figure. The founder of the Norwegian national dramatic art. The story from country life " Sjunneve Sulbakken " (1857); national - historical dramas " Between battles " (1858), " Sigurd Malicious " (1862), social - critical dramas "Bankruptcy" (1875), " From above our forces " (hours 1-2, 1883-95), verses, including a national hymn of Norway. The Nobel Prize (1903).
  • BERNSSON (Bjornsson) Svejn (1881-1952), 1-st president of independent Iceland with 1944.
  • The POOL (frants. bief), the part of a water reservoir, the river, the channel, located adrift is higher than the hydrostatic pressure structure (a dam, a sluice), t. n. The headwater, or is lower than him{it} - a downstream pool.
  • BOJ KASARES (Bioy Casares) Adolfo (r. 1914), the Argentina writer. Fancy novels " Invention Morelja " (1940), " the Plan of escape behavior " (1945), " Dream of heroes " (1954). Stories (including in the co-authorship with H.L.Borches): collections " the Diary of dirty war " (1969), " the Hero of women " (1978).
  • BUCHANAN (Grandee - bass) (Buchanan; Grand Bassa), city and a port in Liberia, an administrative centre of county of the Grandee - bass. 24 thousand inhabitants (1974). Manufacture of iron-ore pellets, the enterprises of a flavoring industry.
  • BUCHANAN James (r. 1919), the American economist. Probes in range of the finance, pricing, economic policy of the state. The Nobel Prize (1986).
  • BUCHANAN (Buchanan) James (1791-1868), 15-th president the USA, from Democratic party (1857-61). In 1845-49 state secretary, one of organizers of annexationist American - mexican war 1846-48. Promoted intensifying of the slaveholding South.
  • BUCHANAN George (1506-82), the Scottish political figure, the church reformer, the historian, the publicist. The opponent of queen Maria Stjuart. In compositions of Buchanan are reflected tiranoborcheskie ideas. A satirical poem "Dream" (1537), transfers{translations} Evripida, latin transpositions psalmov. The book " the History of the Scottish kingdom " (1582).
  • BUCHANAN George William (1854-1924), the English diplomat. In 1910-18 salting in Russia. Within 1-st world war has been connected to cadets and oktjabristami, sustained the Providing government, it is close to A.F.Kerenskomu. One of organizers of anti-soviet plots. It is withdrawn.
  • BUCHANAN (Buchanan) Patrik Joseph (r. 1938), the American political figure, a body, a newscaster. The mate of president R.Nixon on media relations. In 1983 has based the natural broadcasting company.
  • BJANKI-BANDINELLI (Bianchi-Bandinelli) Ranuchcho (1900-75), the italian archeologist and the historian of art, foreign member AN the USSR (1958). Transactionses on etrusskomu, to antique, medieval art.
  • BJANCHOTI (Biancioti) Ektor (r. 1930), the French writer of the Argentina origin. The member of the French academy. Roman " the Tract about seasons " (1977), autobiographical dilogija " Everything, that will tell night to day " (1992), " Such slow walk of love " (1995).
  • BEBBEDZH ×., see. C.Bebbidzh.
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