Friday, June 8, 2007

  • VANAHALBY, in the Estonian mythology evil spirits the woods analogous slavonic leshemu.
  • VANGENGEJM Alexey Feodosjevich (1881-1942), the Russian meteorologist. The organizer and the first chief (1929-35) Hydrometeorological services of the USSR; the organizer (1930) Weather bureaus of the USSR (nowadays Roskomgidromet).
  • VANDALISM, wanton destruction cultural and material assets.
  • VANDALS, group of the German nations. In 429-439 have conquered the Sowing. Africa also have based rannefeodalnoe a kingdom. In 455 have plundered Rome, have deleted many monuments of an ancient art. To 534 state of vandals it is conquered by Byzantium.
  • VAN - DE-GRAAFA the GENERATOR, see in an item. The electrostatic generator.
  • VANDEJSKIE WARS, governments of France against rebels - royalists in western provinces of country during Great French revolution and the Directory. The title on department Vendee - to the main locus in 1793. Alongside with nobility and clergy in rebelions the part of peasantry participat. Culminations Vandejskie of war have reached{achieved} in 1793. The considerable sequence Vandejskih of wars - Kiberonskaja expedition 1795.
  • VANDEMER (from an armour. vindemia - a vintage), 1-st month (on September, 22/23 - on October, 21/22) the French republican calendar (1793-1805).
  • VANDEMERSKY REBELION, armed performance{statement} of the French royalists (aspiring{trying} to reduce a monarchy) in Paris on October, 3-5 (11-13 vandemjera) 1795. It is suppressed{quenched} by the general Napoleon Bonaparte.
  • VANDER (Wander) Charles Fridrih Wilhelm (1803-79), the german teacher. Supported building unified school for children of all estates. Transactionses on theories of pedagogics and tutorials.
  • VAN - DER-VAALSA an EQUATION offered J.D.Van-der-Vaalsom (1873), the equation of state of real gas which is taking into account an extremity of volume of molecules and availability of intermolecular attractive forces; for one asking looks like: (p+a/V2) (V-b) V = RT, where: p - pressure, V - molar volume, T - absolute temperature, R - gas constant, a and b - the stationary values defining interaction of molecules of the given substance.
  • VAN - DER-VAALSOVY FORCES, intermolecular forces.
  • VANDERVELDE (Vandervelde) Emil (1866-1938), the Belgian socialist, the reformist. With 1900 chairman of International socialist office of 2-nd Internatsionala. A member of Parliament with 1894. In 1914 has come in government and up to 1937 repeatedly was minister (foreign businesses, justicia, etc.).
  • VENDEE, department in the west France, the centre royalist mjatezhej in the season{term} of Great French revolution and the Directory.
  • VANDOMSKAJA the COLUMN, on Vandomskoj a square. Paris, content in 1806-10 (architects Z.B.Leper and Z.Gonduen) in honour of victories of Napoleon I. According to the decree of the Commune of Paris 1871 it eroded as a numeral of militarism. It recovered{restored} in 1875.
  • VANDRIES ZHozef (1875-1960), French jazykoved. Activities on general and indoevropejskomu to linguistics, latin, Grecian, to the Celtic tongues. The adherent t. n. Sociological school.
  • "VANEMUJNE" (Vanemuine), see. Estonian theatre " Âàíåìóéíå ".
  • VANI, city (with 1981) in Georgia, in 19 kms from zh.-d. Unit Samtredia. 6,7 thousand inhabitants (1991). A food-processing industry. A clothing factory. Theatre. A study of local lore museum. Residues of antique city (5-1 centuries up to n. e.): shore fortifications, cultural complexes, affluent burials, etc.
  • VANI, in Japanese mythology the marine godhood in appearance of the crocodile or a shark, dangerous for people.
  • VANILLIN, 3-CH3O-4-HOC6H3CHO, colourless crystals with a specific odor; tïë 81-83 °C. It is contained in fruits of vanilla. Synthesize from a guaiacol and the lignin. A vanillin - odorous substance in an alimentary and perfumery industry. His{its} mix with a powdered sugar (1:100) calls as vanilla sugar.
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