Monday, June 18, 2007

  • VILGELMI (Wilhelmy) Ludwig Ferdinand (1812-64), the german chemist. Investigating metamorphosis{transformation} of saccharobiose under action of acids, has offered (1850) mathematical expression for speed of reactions, having put in pawn a fundamentals of chemical kinetics.
  • VILGELMINA (Wilhelmina) (1880-1962), queen of Netherlands in 1890-1948. Within fascist occupation of country in emigration. Has abdicated for the benefit of the daughter Julians.
  • WILHELM - PIK-SHTADT-GUBEN, the title of city Guben in Germany in 1960-90.
  • WILHELMSHAVEN (Wilhelmshaven), city in Germany, ground the Lower Saxony. Ok 91 thousand inhabitants (1991). A port on Boreal m. (freight turnover 20 million t annually). A machine industry (including manufacture of typewriters "Olympia"), nonferrous machine industry, oil refining, chemical, a light industry.
  • VILD Genrih Ivanovich (1833-1902), physics and a geophysics, the academician (with 1870), the honorary member (1895) Petersburg AN. The Swiss by origin, in 1868-94 worked in Russia. In 1894 has returned to Switzerland. Has based a network{grid} of meteorological stations in Switzerland and Russia and has organized machining weather observations. The president of International meteorological committee (with 1879). The chairman of the International polar commission (with 1880).
  • VILDE Boris Vladimirovich (1908-42), the French scientist - ethnographer, the participant of movement of Resistance in France, one of organizers of the newspaper "Resistance". The son of the Russian emigrant. It is executed by fascists in Paris.
  • VILDE Irina (an ice-film. A name and fam. Darja Dmitrievna Polotnjuk) (1907-82), the Ukrainian writer. The story " the History of one life " (1946), the novel of "Sister Richinskie" (the separate issuing - kn. 1-2, 1958-64) about family, about destiny of woman.
  • VILDE (Vilde) Edward (1865-1933), the Estonian writer. Roman " In an inclement edge{boundarouse} " (1896) draws social processes of the Estonian village. In historical trilogies " War in Mahtra " (1902), " Hodoki from Anija " (1903), "Prophet Maltsvet" (1905-08) life of peasants, civil commotions 50-60-Õ are exhibited of 19 century. Satirical plays, pamphlets, stories. The thin psychologism notes the novel " Molochnik from Mjaekjuly " (1916).
  • VILDRAK (Vildrac) Charles (an ice-film. A name and fam. Charles Messazhe, Messager) (1882-1971), the French writer. In early creativity - ideas unanimizma. In verses (" the Book of love ", 1914) the statement{confirmation} of spiritual health of people, whose generalized mode{image} - in an anti-war cycle " Songs despaired " (1920). A theme of war in a lyrical drama "Motorship Tinesiti" (1919) and an anti-fascist short story about the awoken France "Lazarus" (1943, it is published in 1946). Novels for youth, fairy tales.
  • VILENA (Villena) Luis Antonio de (r. 1951), the spanish writer. Saturated cultural reminiscences lyrics (collections " To run from winter ", 1981; " Only mors ", 1984; " Outside of this world ", 1992). The Parodijno-historical novel " the Brothel of lord Byron " (1995).
  • VILENA (Villena) Enrike de (1384-1434), katalansky the poet. The theorist of poetry (the tract " Art stihoslozhenija " has reached in fragments), translator Vergilija and Dante, the writer of allegory " Transactionses of Gercules " (1417), a legendary magician and the magician (" the Book about an evil eye, or About damage ", etc.).
  • VILKITSKY Andrey Ippolitovich (1858-1913), the Russian hydrograph - geodesist, the general (1910). The chief of hydrographic probes from a mouth of Pechora up to Yenisei. In 1907-13 headed Main hydrographic steering.
  • VILKITSKY Boris Andreevich (1885-1961), the Russian hydrograph - geodesist. Son A.I.Vilkitskogo. The chief of hydrographic expedition to the Sowing. Ledovitom. ok. On courts " Òàéìûð " and "Vaigach" (1913-15). In 1920 has emigrated.
  • VILKITSKOGO the CHANNEL, between Taimyr peninsula and about. A bolshevik (the Sowing. The Earth), bridges starving Karskoe and Laptevyh. Length of 104 kms, the least width of 55 kms, a critical depth of 32 m. It is called named B.A.Vilkitskogo.
  • VILKIJA, city (with 1950) in Lithuania, on r. Njamunas, in 28 kms from zh.-d. An item. Kaunas. 2,7 thousand inhabitants (1990). Population Vilkii works at the enterprises of Kaunas.
  • VILKOMIR, the official title of city Ukmerge in Lithuania up to 1917.
  • VILKS Dzh., see Uilks Dzh.
  • VILM Feodor Vasiljevich (1845-93), the Russian chemist - neorganik. Transactionses on chemistry of platinum metals. Has received (1883) rodiehloristyj an ammonium (salt Vilma). Has developed a way of obtaining of a clear palladium.
  • VILMONT (William - Vilmont) Nikolay Nikolaevich (1901-86), the Russian literary critic, a translator, the historian of crop. Transactionses under the german classical literature and philosophy (I.V.Gete, F.Schiller, I.Kant). Articles about the Soviet poets (including memories on B.L.Pasternake, are published in 1987).
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