Tuesday, July 3, 2007

  • OPTICAL ROTATION, turning movement of a polarization plane linearly polarized light at his{its} transit through substance. Optical rotation is supervised in optically active substances, and also in the substances placed at a magnetic field.
  • VREVSKY Michael Stepanovich (1871-1929), Russian fizikohimik, corresponding member AN the USSR (1929). The main{basic} transactionses on thermodynamics of solutions. Has placed{installed} (1911) laws expressing relation of structure of fallow of a solution from evaporation heat of his{its} components and temperature (laws Vrevskogo). The premium him{it}. V.I.Lenina (1929).
  • Roman Romanovich (1867-1934), the founder of the Russian surgical orthopedics, the organizer and the chief (1906-34) first in Russia orthopedic institute, the writer of the first Russian guiding HARMFUL. Has offered and has inserted many orthopedic operations wearing his{its} name.
  • PESTS of AGRICULTURAL PLANTS, animal, damaging cultivated plants or triggering their death. More than 60 thousand kinds{views}, predominary hexapods, mites, grease irons, birds and mammals (napr., rodents). Sink productivity and a product quality.
  • HARMFUL LEATHERJACKETS, hexapod of a set of leatherjacketses; the pest of many agricultural and wild - plants in Europe and the Sowing. To America. Grey, length of 22-32 mm. Eats (larvas) roots, stalks, root leaves.
  • PENTATOMID, bug of a set shchitnikov; the pest of small crops in Eurasia. Fallow with dark drawing, length of 7-13 mm. Damages ears and a grain.
  • TEMPORARY INCAPACITY FOR WORK, temporary disablement, and also capabilities to perform the job (napr., at quarantine, at maintenance{drift} behind falling ill member of family). In Russia at temporary incapacity for work workers and employees are released of activity and ensured with allowances at the expense of a means of state social insurance.
  • The PROVIDING GOVERNMENT in Russia, the first democratic government derivated after overthrow of emperor Nikolay II. It generated{formed} after February revolution by Interim committee of members of the State Duma with the consent of leaders Petrosoveta for the season{term} before convocation of Constitutional assembly. The maximum executive organ, executed{designed} also legislative functions. Acted from March, 2 till October, 25 (on November, 7) 1917; 4 structures of the Providing government were replaced: 1-st structure (2 oktjabrista, 8 cadets and adjoining to nymas, 1 trudovik, then - eser; the chairman - cadet G.E.Lvov) till May, 6 (19); 2-nd (1 oktjabrist, 8 cadets and adjoining, 3 esera, 2 menshevika; the chairman - Lvov) - till July, 24 (on August, 6); 3-rd (7 cadets and adjoining, 5 eserov and national socialists, 3 menshevika; the chairman - eser A.F.Kerensky) - till September, 1 (14) (has transmitted an authority of "Directory"); 4-th (6 cadets and adjoining, 2 esera, 4 menshevika, 6 non-parties; the chairman - Kerensky) - till September, 25 (on October, 8). In the program stated in the declaration [it is published 3 (16) March] and the circulation to citizens of Russia on March, 6 (19), has proclaimed a principle " successions of an authority " and " continuities of the right ", has declared the tendency to finish war with " the victorious extremity " and to execute all contracts and agreements with the allied mandatory powers. Has legalized rout of the apparatus of police, arrest of councilors of ministers, has abolished penal servitude and the reference, has declared political amnesty. Promised to enter political freedoms, to call Constitutional assembly, to substitute police national militia. Has passed the law on freedom of assembly and the unions; has emited decrees about drive to the state of the grounds belonging to an imperial surname, about working committees on industrial enterprises; has declared about introduction of grain monopoly. On September, 1 (14) has proclaimed the Russian republic. Svergnuto October revolution.
  • " The PROVIDING GOVERNMENT of BOREAL RANGE ", government in Boreal range (September 1918 - February 1920, Arkhangelsk, led by N.V.Chajkovskim, then general E.K.Miller). It is derivated at support of Anglo-American interventionists. Opposed the Soviet authority.
  • TEMPORARY the LAG, see. The lag.
  • VREMENNOOBJAZANNYE PEASANTS, in Russia in 1861-83 former serfs, not translated on the repayment (see. The redemption operation) after country reform 1861. Bore duties (izdolshchina, a tax) for use by ground.
  • TEMPORARY RULES, kind{view} of the act in Russian empire. Adjusted{regulated} problems of state and public life before acceptance of the law. Were considered in Committee of ministers, affirmed emperor. Many years (napr sometimes acted., temporary rules about a seal{printing} instead of censorial charters in 1865-1917).
  • CASUAL WORKERS, under the Russian right workers and the employees who have been given an employment for the term of up to 2 mes, and for replacement of temporarily missing workers behind which the place of work - till 4 months is saved. Action of the labour legislation is distributed to casual workers with some withdrawals (napr., casual workers have not right on holiday).
  • INTERIM COMMITTEE of MEMBERS of the STATE DUMA, on February, 27 - on October, 6 (on March, 12 - on October, 19) 1917 (the chairman - oktjabrist M.V.Rodzjanko). It is built by deputies of the Duma during February revolution 1917. After a fall of attempt to rescue a monarchy has undertaken on March, 1 (14) government and under the arrangement with a guiding of Petrograd advice{council} has created the Providing government. Then acted as prestavitelnyj an organ of the Duma, it is liquidated after its{her} official dissolution.
  • TEMPORARY ADVICE{COUNCIL} of the RUSSIAN REPUBLIC, see. Preparliament.
  • TIME, in philosophy - the form of serial changeover of the phenomena and duration of conditions of a matter. See. The space and time.
  • TIME, grammar grade of a verb, which form establish{set} a temporary ratio between called action and or the moment speeches (Newtonian time), or other called action (relative time).
  • "TIME", monthly literary and a political magazine. It was emitted in Saint Petersburg in 1861-63 M.M.Dostoevskim; the actual editor - F.M.Dostoevsky. An organ t. n. pochvennikov.
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