Tuesday, July 3, 2007

  • The SECOND BULGARIAN KINGDOM, on Balkan p-ove the state in 1187-1396. It was formed as a result of liberation revolt 1185-87 against domination of Byzantium. Capital - Tyrnovo. In it is grey. 14 century were secured{discharged} principality Dobrotitsa (Dobrudja; in nach. 15 century are seized by Turks), the rest has broken up ok. 1363 on Tyrnovskoe and Vidinskoe kingdoms (are conquered by Turks accordingly in 1393 and 1396).
  • The SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS, one of fundamental laws of thermodynamics, law of degradation of energy: in selfcontained, i.e. isolated in thermal and mechanic attitude{relation}, system the entropy or remains invariable (if in system weep reversible{convertible}, equilibrium processes), or will increase (at nonequilibrium processes) and in equilibrio peaks. Other equivalent ôîðìóëèðîâêè:... 1) heat passage from a body of more cool to a body more heated without any other changes in system or an environment (R.Klauzius) is impossible;... 2) it is impossible to create periodically operational (committing any thermodynamic cycle) the machine which all activity would be reduced to raising some freight (mechanic activity) and according to refrigerating of the thermal reservoir{tank} (U.Tomson, M.Plank);... 3) it is impossible to construct a perpetuum mobile of 2-nd stem (V.Ostvald).
  • The SECOND HOME GUARD Nizhniy Novgorod, has arisen in Nizhni Novgorod in September 1611 for extirpation with Polish interventionists. Comprised of orders of noblemen, town-dwellers, peasants of central and boreal areas of Russia, the Volga region. The chief - K.M.Minin and prince D.M.Pozharsky. In August 1612 with a part of forces of the First home guard has divided Polish army under capital, in October has released Moscow.
  • The SECOND BRANCH of Natural his{its} imperial majesty of office (1826-82), organ of codification of laws of Russian empire. Emitted " Full collection of laws " (1 izd. - 1830) and " the Canopy of laws of Russian empire " (1 izd. - 1832).
  • "SECOND COMING", in Christian mythology 2 occurrence{appearance} of the Christ on the Earth in " the extremity of the world " (after completion of an earth survival of mankind) for realization of "great assize". Figuratively: indefinitely far time.
  • The SECOND SERBIAN REVOLT 1815, against an osmanli press. Actual prolongation of the First Serbian revolt 1804-13. The chief - Milosh Obrenovich. Has ended in the partial success (Serbs have achieved a restricted internal autonomy).
  • The DEUTERONOMY, the fifth book of the Pentateuch.
  • The SECOND NOTE, as against a routine note (mechanic waves in elastic mediums) slabozatuhajushchie the temperature waves extending in superfluid liquid helium. Speed of the second note near to an absolute zero of temperature in time is less than speed of a routine note also will vanish in transformation point of helium from superfluid in a normal condition.
  • The BARREL, machinery parts or devices by the way the hollow cylinder (cone) into which aperture the interfaced component part enters. Barrels are solid and split.
  • VTEK, see. A medical labour commission of experts.
  • VU (Woo) John (r. 1948), the Hongkong film director. Lives and works in Hollywood. One of few Asian producers becoming commercial leaders of the Hollywood kino in films of action. Has exerted influence many pullet{young man} colleagues - Americans, including on K.Tarantino. In turn, Vu has produced the style, combining traditions of eastern and western kino. In the USA has removed films "Killer" (1989), "Abrupt" (1992), " the Refractory target " (1993), " the Broken boom " (1995), etc.
  • VU TSZJANSJUN (r. 1912), the American physics - experimenter. Was born in China, with 1940 in the USA. Probes on a nuclear physics. First experimentally has proved (1957) nesohranenie parities in beta decay.
  • VUAZEN (Voisin) Gabriel (1880-1973), the French aircraft designer and the industrialist, one of pioneers of aircraft. The first airplanes has created in 1907. Airplanes Vuazena have constituted the basis{fundamentals} French bomber and a reconnaissance aviation before 1-st world war and in the first military years when the firm " Vuazen an airplane " issued airplanes of eleven main{basic} phylums.
  • VUALEHVOSTY, the aquarian fishes introduced as a result of the long-lived selection of mutant forms of a silver crucian. A tail by the way fogs. It is a lot of ornamental forms.
  • WOOD (Wood) a Henry Joseph (1869-1944), the English conductor, the teacher. The chief and the organizer of "Promenad-concerts" (with 1895) and other shared symphony concerts. Propagandized Russian and Soviet music. The musical and literary compositions (psevd. P.Klenovsky).
  • WOOD Robert Williams (1868-1955), the American physics - experimenter, foreign honorary member AN the USSR (1930). Transactionses on physical optician. Has discovered and probeed a resonance emission of steams{vapours} Na and Hg and has advanced methods of spectroscopy. Has put in pawn a fundamentals ultra-violet and an infra-red photography.
  • WOOD the ALLOY, fusible (tïë68 °S) alloy Bi (50 %), Pb (25 %), Sn (12,5 %) and Cd (12,5 %). It is applied in some fireproof devices and advertisers, to manufacturing casting patterns, a filling up of metallographic microsections, etc. It is offered in 1860 English engineer B.Wood.
  • WOOD - BAFFALO (Wood Buffalo), national park in northwest of Canada. It is based in 1922. The area of 4428 thousand ga. Conifers and mixed forests, bogs. The largest population of bisons (over 50 individuals wood and 12 thousand steppe), a black bear, deers, the moose, a beaver; a unique place of a nesting of white American cranes.
  • VUDVORD (Woodward) Robert Burns (1917-79), American chemists - organics, foreign member AN the USSR (1976). Has executed{has come true} synthesis of active agents much{many} biologically (quinine, Cortisonum, chlorophyll, vitamin Â12, etc.). Has placed{installed} a structure of ferrocene (1952, together with Dzh. Wilkinson). Has formulated a number{series} of the regulations used in structural chemistry. Together with R.Hofman has developed rules, predicting a reactivity of organic compounds (rule Vudvorda - Hofman, 1965). The Nobel Prize (1965).
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