Tuesday, May 8, 2007

  • ANJOU Peter Fedorovich (1796-1869), the Russian polar explorer, admiral. In 1821-23 probeed boreal coasts of Siberia; has constituted a map of Novosibirsk islands.
  • ANZHUJSKAJA the DYNASTY, a royal dynasty in England in 1154-1399 (see. Plantagenety), JUzh. Italy in 1268-1442, Sicily in 1268-82 (nominally in 1266-1302), Hungary in 1308-87, Poland in 1370-82 and 1384-85. Led an origin from the French graphs of Anjou (Anjou).
  • ANZANI (Anzani) Alexander (1877-1956), the French designer. By origin the Italian. Participat in bicycle and a car racing. One of first designed and issued aircraft engines air-cooled.
  • ANZOB, a saddle-point through Gissarsky hr., in Tadjikistan. The altitude of 3372 m. Through Anzob passes highway Tashkent - Dushanbe.
  • ANZUD (Anzu, the Storage, Imdugud), in shumerskoj mythologies htonicheskoe the godhood, huge lvinogolovyj an eagle, olitsetvorenie thunder-storms.
  • ANZJUS (English Australia, New Zealand, United States - ANZUS), the political-military unit in structure of Australia, Is new. Zealand and the USA; the agreement for the union is signed in September 1951 and has come into force in April 1952.
  • ANI, drevnearmjansky city in 5-16 centuries, on r. Arpachaj (nowadays in Turkey). The economic, political and cultural centre Other. Armenia. In 10-11 centuries capital Anijskogo of a kingdom. Archeological excavations kon. 19 - nach. 20 centuries, residues of monuments of the Armenian architecture.
  • ANI, see. Kulsans.
  • ANIVA, city (with 1946) in the Russian Federation, the Sakhalin region, on coast a hall. Aniva. A depot. 9,5 thousand inhabitants (1992). The alimentary enterprises.
  • ANIVA, bay Ohotskogo in m., for an austral coast about. Sakhalin. Length of 90 kms. Width of 104 kms. Depth up to 93 m. Cities - Aniva and Korsakov.
  • ANISOGAMY (from grech. anisos - unequal and gamos - spoilage), see. A heterogamy.
  • ANISOCORIA (from grech. anisos - unequal and kore - a pupil), the unequal dimensions of pupils owing to an organic defeat of nervous system, diseases of eyes, etc.
  • ANISOTROPY (from grech. anisos - unequal and tropos - a direction), relation of properties of medium to a direction. The anisotropy is characteristic, napr., for mechanic, optical, magnetic, electrical, etc. properties of crystals.
  • ANIJSKOE the KINGDOM, the state in 960th - 1045, integrated a large part of Armenia (capital - Ani). Dynasty Bagratidov corrected. Rise of science, the literature, art. It is conquered by Byzantium.
  • ANIKITA Melitinsky (mind{wit}. 298), one of thirty three Christian martyrs - soldiers damaged in the Melitin in persecution of emperor Diokletiana. Memory{remembrance} in the Orthodox church on November, 7 (20).
  • ANIKST Alexander Abramovich (1910-88), the Russian literary critic, the doctor of art criticism (1963), the honorary doctor of literature Birmingemskogo of university (1974). Activities in range of the theory and a history of the Western-European literature, theatre and an aesthetics, about U.Shakespeare, I.V.Gete.
  • ANIKUSHIN Michael Konstantinovich (r. 1917), the Russian sculptor, the national artist of the USSR (1963), the full member AH the USSR (1962), the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1977). A monument to A.S.Pushkin (1957), a memorial to " Heroic defence attorneys of Leningrad " (1975) - in Saint Petersburg. The lenin premium (1958).
  • ANIKSHCHJAJ, city (up to 1917 official title Onikshty) in Lithuania, for confluence Anikshta and SHvjantoji. A depot. 13,1 thousand inhabitants (1990). Manufacture of felted boots, a building materials, etc. The Memorial museum of poet A.Baranauskasa and writer A.Venuolisa. It is known from 15 century.
  • ANILINE, C6H5NH2, a colourless liquid, têèï 184,4 °C. It is applied in manufacture of dyes, pharmaceuticals, blasting explosives, polymers, rubber accelerators.
  • ANIMALISTICHESKY the GENRE (from an armour. animal - animal), the plotting animal in painting, a sculpture and the schedule{chart}. Animalistichesky the genre combines the natural-science and art beginnings. The artists working in animalisticheskom a genre, call as animal painters.
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