Tuesday, May 22, 2007

  • ARMED FORCES, part of structure of the state, the bound with fulfilment of his external functions (national defense, etc.). One of the major elements of military organization of the state. Till 20 century. Armed forces actuated overland army and a VTR. The modern Armed forces will consist of different kinds of Armed forces (a land forces, air force, a VTR, etc.), some military organizations of the state (napr., in the USA - national guards), the supreme bodies of military steering, organs of back. Kinds of Armed forces are divided on service arms (a stem of forces in a VTR, an aviation category) and a special troops. Armed forces are completed on the basis of an overall conscription or on the contract basis.
  • ARMED FORCES of the United Nations, form by the United Nations according to the Charter for maintenance or restoration of an international peace and safety within the framework of system of collective security. The Security Council can create Armed forces of the United Nations in different areas of a terrestrial globe for an avoidance of resumption of armed conflicts, assistance to restoration and conservation of the law order, recurring to normal conditions of life, and also with the purposes of unlocking and acknowledgement of withdrawal of troops of the conflicting parties, overseeing by a cessation of fire and truce agreements. Armed forces of the United Nations were directed to Palestine (1948), to Cyprus (1964), to Lebanon (1978), to Iraq (1991), to Yugoslavia, in a number of other locales. The Nobel Prize of the world (1988).
  • " ARMED FORCES of the SOUTH of RUSSIA " (VSJUR), a White Guard troops during the Civil war. Are built in January 1919 by association under a command of general - lieutenant A.I.Denikina of Volunteer army and belokazachjej the Don army. In structure VSJUR entered also the Krymsko-Azov volunteer army (January February 1919), Turkestani army (January 1919 - February 1920), 3-rd separate army body (March - December 1919), a troops of Boreal Caucasus (since March 1919), the Caucasian army (since May 1919), the Black Sea fleet. In kon. July 1919 VSJUR totalled over 160 thousand person. In 1919-20 have been routed; residues VSJUR have departed to Crimea where on their basis by general - lieutenant P.N.Vrangelem it has been built t. n. " Russian army ".
  • ARMED NEUTRALITY... 1) Armed neutrality 1780-83, the union of Russia, Denmark and Sweden with the purpose of guarding a merchant shipping of neutral countries in a course of war of the English colonys in the Sowing. To America for independence.... 2) Armed neutrality 1800, the same including Prussia, built under the initiative of Paul I after an output of Russia from 2-nd antiFrench coalition. It is directed against England. After mors of Paul I has lost force.
  • VOPRA, the All-Russia society (All-union association) of proletarian architects in 1929-32. Members VOPRA (K.S.Alabjan, A.V.Vlasov, A.G.Mordvinov), close on conceptually - creative installations RAPPu and Proletkultu, declared building the class proletarian architecture, invoked to maintain a new collective household activities.
  • QUESTION MARK, the punctuation mark (?) staked in the extremity (in some tongues, napr., in spanish, and in the beginning, in an inverted kind) a question.
  • SEAL OIL, the obsolete title of marine animal oil and some fishes (rattles, etc.).
  • VORVULEV Nikolay Dmitrievich (1917-67), the Byelorussian and Ukrainian singer (baritone), the national actor of the USSR (1956). With 1946 in Byelorussian, with 1957 at the Ukrainian theatre of opera and ballet.
  • VORDSVORT (Uordsuort) (Wordsworth) William (1770-1850), the English poet - romantik. The representative of " lacustrine school ". " Lyrical ballads " (together with S.T.Kolridzhem, 1798), a poem "Prelude" (it is published in 1850). Has approximated poetic tongue to informal conversation.
  • VORKUTA, city (with 1943) in the Russian Federation, Republic Komi, behind the Polar circle, on r. Vorkuta. A depot. 116 thousand inhabitants (1992.) Center of the Pechora coal basin (combine " Âîðêóòàóãîëü "). Mechanic, mechanical-repair, cement, wood-working and other factories. 2 theatres.
  • VORMSI (Vormsi), an island in Moonzundskom arh., in Baltic m., in structure of Estonia. 93 êì2. Fishery.
  • VORMSSKY the CONCORDAT 1122, is encased in german. Vorms, has finished extirpation for investiture. Emperor of " Sacred Roman empire " was refused for the benefit of Roman dads from spiritual investiture; in Germany (but not in Italy and Burgundy) to emperor the right of sharing in election of diocesans and abbes was ensured.
  • VORMSSKY EDIKT 1521, it is issued by emperor of " Sacred Roman empire " Charles V; declared Luther the heretic and put it outside of the law. It is disclosed on rejhstage in. Vorms.
  • SPARROWS Alexey Alekseevich (r. 1931), the Russian physics - experimenter, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991). Transactionses on nuclear physics and fundamental particles. The state premium of the USSR (1983).
  • SPARROWS Arcady Nikitich (r. 1924), the Russian sportsman (weightlifting), the deserved master of the sport (1952), the deserved trainer of the USSR (1964), the doctor of medical sciences (1970). The champion of Olympic Games (1956, 1960), the repeated champion and the champion of the world, Europe and the USSR in 1950-1959.
  • SPARROWS Vladimir Vasiljevich (r. 1929), Russian ekonomikogeograf, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; academician AN the USSR with 1990). Transactionses on economic geography, geography of the population and cities of Siberia.
  • SPARROWS Vladimir Petrovich (1876-1937), the Ukrainian anatomist, academician AN of Ukraine (1934). Probes on anatomy of nervous system. Has developed stereomorphological methods of preparing. The writer of " the Atlas of anthropotomy " (t. 1-5, 1938-42). Participat in an embalming of a body of V.I.Lenina. The premium him. V.I.Lenina (1927).
  • SPARROWS Vladimir Petrovich (r. 1912), the Russian shipbuilder, the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1963). The chief designer of designs of combat ships. The lenin premium (1970), the State premium of the USSR (1949).
  • SPARROWS Eugeny Zaharovich (1911-90), the Russian writer. Novels "Altitude" (1952) about builders of large factory, " the Hunt to vicissitude of places " (1978). The book " Moscow. Close to heart " about the defence of city in 1941-42.
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