Tuesday, May 22, 2007

  • ROTATED FURNACE (a drum furnace, a pipe-still heater), a commercial furnace of a cylindricity with rotary movement of a body around of a centerline. It intended for heating materials with the purpose of their physico-chemical machining (in metallurgy, cement and a chemical industry).
  • The ROTATED MAGNETIC FIELD, magnetic field, which magnetic displacement vector is spun in the space from a stationary value by frequency. Receive build of 2 and more variable magnetic fields shifted in time and the space. It is used in many ac machines, probing devices, etc.
  • DRIVING TORQUE, measure of the external action changing angular rate of the rotated body. Driving torque Mvr is peer to a sum moment of all forces operational on a body concerning a fulcrum pin and is connected to an angular acceleration of a body? Equality Mvr = I?, where I - a moment of inertia of a body concerning a fulcrum pin.
  • ROTATION, in geometry - a motion pattern at which there is fixed at least one point.
  • OPTICAL ROTATION, turning movement of a polarization plane linearly polarized light at his transit through substance. Optical rotation is supervised in optically active substances, and also in the substances placed at a magnetic field.
  • VREVSKY Michael Stepanovich (1871-1929), Russian fizikohimik, corresponding member AN the USSR (1929). The main transactionses on thermodynamics of solutions. Has placed (1911) laws expressing relation of structure of fallow of a solution from evaporation heat of his components and temperature (laws Vrevskogo). The premium him. V.I.Lenina (1929).
  • Roman Romanovich (1867-1934), the founder of the Russian surgical orthopedics, the organizer and the chief (1906-34) first in Russia orthopedic institute, the writer of the first Russian guiding HARMFUL. Has offered and has inserted many orthopedic operations wearing his name.
  • PESTS of AGRICULTURAL PLANTS, animal, damaging cultivated plants or triggering their death. More than 60 thousand kinds, predominary hexapods, mites, grease irons, birds and mammals (napr., rodents). Sink productivity and a product quality.
  • HARMFUL LEATHERJACKETS, hexapod of a set of leatherjacketses; the pest of many agricultural and wild - plants in Europe and the Sowing. To America. Grey, length of 22-32 mm. Eats (larvas) roots, stalks, root leaves.
  • PENTATOMID, bug of a set shchitnikov; the pest of small crops in Eurasia. Fallow with dark drawing, length of 7-13 mm. Damages ears and a grain.
  • TEMPORARY INCAPACITY FOR WORK, temporary disablement, and also capabilities to perform the job (napr., at quarantine, at maintenance behind falling ill member of family). In Russia at temporary incapacity for work workers and employees are released of activity and ensured with allowances at the expense of a means of state social insurance.
  • The PROVIDING GOVERNMENT in Russia, the first democratic government derivated after overthrow of emperor Nikolay II. It generated after February revolution by Interim committee of members of the State Duma with the consent of leaders Petrosoveta for the season before convocation of Constitutional assembly. The maximum executive organ, executed also legislative functions. Acted from March, 2 till October, 25 (on November, 7) 1917; 4 structures of the Providing government were replaced: 1-st structure (2 oktjabrista, 8 cadets and adjoining to nymas, 1 trudovik, then - eser; the chairman - cadet G.E.Lvov) till May, 6 (19); 2-nd (1 oktjabrist, 8 cadets and adjoining, 3 esera, 2 menshevika; the chairman - Lvov) - till July, 24 (on August, 6); 3-rd (7 cadets and adjoining, 5 eserov and national socialists, 3 menshevika; the chairman - eser A.F.Kerensky) - till September, 1 (14) (has transmitted an authority of "Directory"); 4-th (6 cadets and adjoining, 2 esera, 4 menshevika, 6 non-parties; the chairman - Kerensky) - till September, 25 (on October, 8). In the program stated in the declaration [it is published 3 (16) March] and the circulation to citizens of Russia on March, 6 (19), has proclaimed a principle " successions of an authority " and " continuities of the right ", has declared the tendency to finish war with " the victorious extremity " and to execute all contracts and agreements with the allied mandatory powers. Has legalized rout of the apparatus of police, arrest of councilors of ministers, has abolished penal servitude and the reference, has declared political amnesty. Promised to enter political freedoms, to call Constitutional assembly, to substitute police national militia. Has passed the law on freedom of assembly and the unions; has emited decrees about drive to the state of the grounds belonging to an imperial surname, about working committees on industrial enterprises; has declared about introduction of grain monopoly. On September, 1 (14) has proclaimed the Russian republic. Svergnuto October revolution.
  • " The PROVIDING GOVERNMENT of BOREAL RANGE ", government in Boreal range (September 1918 - February 1920, Arkhangelsk, led by N.V.Chajkovskim, then general E.K.Miller). It is derivated at support of Anglo-American interventionists. Opposed the Soviet authority.
  • TEMPORARY the LAG, see. The lag.
  • VREMENNOOBJAZANNYE PEASANTS, in Russia in 1861-83 former serfs, not translated on the repayment (see. The redemption operation) after country reform 1861. Bore duties (izdolshchina, a tax) for use by ground.
  • TEMPORARY RULES, kind of the act in Russian empire. Adjusted problems of state and public life before acceptance of the law. Were considered in Committee of ministers, affirmed emperor. Many years (napr sometimes acted., temporary rules about a seal instead of censorial charters in 1865-1917).
  • CASUAL WORKERS, under the Russian right workers and the employees who have been given an employment for the term of up to 2 mes, and for replacement of temporarily missing workers behind which the place of work - till 4 months is saved. Action of the labour legislation is distributed to casual workers with some withdrawals (napr., casual workers have not right on holiday).
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