Friday, May 25, 2007

  • BALANCE OF CLAIMS AND LIABILITIES, a ratio between monetary claims and the liabilities of the country which have arisen as a result of its{her} trade and other attitudes{relations} with other countries for the fixed season{term} (or on fixed date). Actuates a trade balance, export and importation of gold, balance of services, charges of tourists and incomes of foreign tourism, incomes of oversea investments and the bound with them charges, etc. As against a balance of payments actuates not only effected payments and receipts{entries}, but also outstanding requests and obligations, which time has not set in.
  • BALANCE TRADE, a ratio between cost of export and import of country the fixed season{term} (as a rule, year). A favourable balance trade - at excess of export above import, passive - at a revertive ratio, a balanced trade - at equality of export and import.
  • BALANCE OF LABOUR RESOURCES, the constituent part of a national economy balance defining reproduction of a labour. Reflects number of labour forces and their quality structure (on a floor, age, social groups, kinds{views} of busy condition, branches of a national economy and trades).
  • The BALANCER (frants. balancier, from balancer - to roll, counterbalance) (yoke), 1) dvuplechy (less often odnoplechy) the lever{arm} committing rocking motions concerning a fixed axis; ministers for drive (or balancings) gains on affixed to it{him} of a pull-rod and connecting rods in pompes, drill-rings, weights and dr... 2) the Balancer, or balance, - an adjuster of course of a clock mechanism by the way rings with a cross bar, reinforced on a shaft.
  • BALANCING, in technique - a balancing (elimination debalansa) rotated parts of machines (curls, fly wheels, bent shafts, etc.). Distinguish balancing dynamic and static{quiescent}.
  • The BALANCING MACHINE, ministers for a running balancing of component parts (curls, shafts, spindles, etc.). Debalans determine measurements of voltage and a phase of oscillation with the help of inductive transducers (sensors).
  • BALANCED CIRCUIT, branched electric circuit, in which at change of any parameters of its{her} elements (resistance, container{capacity}, inductance, etc.) it is established{set} (or is upset) balance (balance) of currents or pressure{voltage;stresses} in branches; it is used in a measurement technology (napr., in measuring bridges), radio communications, voice communication, etc.
  • PULPWOOD (balances), circular or a cleft timber (length of 1-3 m, a diameter of 8-24 sm) for manufacture of cellulose and mechanical wood pulp.
  • BOOK VALUE, assessment{evaluation} of a fixed capital and circulating assets (in money terms) in balance accounting.
  • BALANCE RESERVES, reserves of a mineral, which development it is expedient at a current state of an advance in technology and economy.
  • The BALANCE HOURS, the widespread phylum of hours with the balancer (balance) in the capacity of an adjuster of course. Balance hours of a mass production have a daily variation of hours " 30 with, and the best timers " 0,1 seconds.
  • BALANCES MATERIAL, set{combination} of balances, which parameters define manufacture and distribution of concrete kinds{views} of industrial and agricultural production.
  • BALANCES COST, set{combination} of balances in which all parameters are expressed in the cost (money) form. Execute linkage between manufacture, distribution and use of incomes.
  • BALANTE (bulanda, breaststroke), people in Guinea - Bissau. 600 thousand person. Live also in Cabo Verde and Senegal. An aggregate number of 690 thousand person (1992). Tongue balante. Save traditional convictions.
  • BALANTIDIOZ, invazionnaja disease of pigs and the person (balanthidiasis), called by an infusorium. Symptoms: violation{disturbance} of activity of an intestines.
  • BALANCHIVADZE Andrey Melitonovich (1906-92), the Georgian composer, the national actor of the USSR (1968), the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1986). Son M.A.Balanchivadze. Opera " Ìçèÿ " (1950), ballets " Heart of mountains " (1936), "Mtsyri" (1964), etc. With 1953 (with a rest) the chairman, with 1973 honorary chairman of Soyuz of composers of Georgia. The professor of the Tbilisi conservatory (with 1942). The state premium of the USSR (1946, 1947).
  • BALANCHIVADZE Meliton Antonovich (1862/63-1937), the Georgian composer, the national actor of Georgia (1933). One of founders of the Georgian professional music. Opera " Tamara Kovarnaja " (1897; 3-n edition under the title " Daredzhan Artful ", 1936), the first Georgian romances, etc.
  • BALANCHIN (Balanchine) George (an ice-film. A name and fam. George Melitonovich Balanchivadze) (1904-83), the American ballet master. Son M.A.Balanchivadze. In 1921-24 at the Academic theatre of opera and ballet in Petrograd. With 1924 abroad. The organizer and the chief of " School of the American ballet " (1934) and on its{her} basis{fundamentals} of troupe " the American ballet " (with 1948 " the New York urban ballet ").
  • BALASAGUNI JUsuf (ok. 1021-?), the Central Asian poet and the thinker. In a poem " the Knowledge producing happiness " in the allegorical form has stated philosophical, ethical and polittcheskie views.
  • BALASANJAN Sergey Artemjevich (1902-82), the Russian and Tadjik composer, the national actor of Tadjikistan (1957), the national actor of Russia (1978). One of founders of the Tadjik musical theatre. Opera " Revolt Vose " (1939), ballet " Lejli and Medzhnun " (1947; 3-n edition 1964), etc. The Professor of the Moscow conservatory (with 1965). The state premium of the USSR (1949).
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