Friday, May 25, 2007

  • BALLI (Baji) (Bally) Charles (1865-1947), French jazykoved, follower Ô. de Sossjura. Activities on general both French leksikologii and stylistics, a general theory of tongue.
  • BALLISTA (from an armour. ballista), the propellant machine in an antiquity (up to kon. 5 century); comprised of a horizontal frame with the gutter and a vertical timber frame with a side rail from braided filaments (tendons, etc.), with which help gear (the stone, a log, a boom, etc.) was issued in the purpose. Distance of throwing of 400-800 m, light booms up to 1000 m.
  • BALLISTICS (a nem. Ballistik, from grech. ballo - I throw), science about motion of the ammunition gears, unguided missiles, mines, charges, bullets at shooting (start-up). The interior ballastics studies a shot travel (or in other conditions limiting motion) under action of powder gases, external - after his{its} flying out from a bore.
  • The BALLISTICS JUDICIAL, section of criminalistics, studies a technique of investigation of crimes, the bound with application of fire-arms and an ammunition to it{him}.
  • BALLISTITES (ballistitnye powders), nitroglycerol smokeless powders.
  • The BALLISTIC MISSILE, after cutoff of engines flies on a ballistic curve.
  • BALLISTIC CURVE, mechanical trajectory loosely a projectile under action only gravity. A mechanical trajectory of such body in an atmosphere at equal or close to zero attitude{relation} of a upward force to an aerodynamic drag also call as a ballistic curve.
  • The BALLISTIC GALVANOMETER, has concerning a major moment of inertia of a movement; it is applied to measurement of trace amounts of an electricity at short-time pulses of a current. Outcome read out on t. n. To a ballistic maximum deflection - to the greatest deviation{rejection} of the index{indicator}.
  • BALLISTOCARDIOGRAPHY (from grech. ballo - I throw, kardia - heart and... grafija), one of research techniques of activity of heart. Consists of registration of mechanic motions of a body of the person, stipulated by cordial reductions and motion of blood on large vessels.
  • BOTTLE (frants. ballon, from ital. pallone - a ball), the gas-tight environment made depending on destination from metals, polymers, tissues, glasses, etc., napr., a bottle of the automobile{car} (t. n. The chamber), a bottle of the electronic device, a bottle (vessel) for a storage and transportations of gases.
  • BALLONNAJA ASTRONOMY, astronomical probes from the air balloons raised on an altitude from 20 up to 40 km, where influence of an atmosphere on outcomes of supervision{observations} insignificantly.
  • BALLOT (from ital. ballotare - to elect spheres), a kind{view} of voting. In 18-19 centuries implemented omitting in a special litter bin of black and white spheres (balls). To run for - to exhibit the candidature at elections.
  • BALMASHEV Stepan Valerianovich (1881-1902), eser, the student. 2.4.1902 has shot Minister of Internal Affairs of Russia D.S.Sipjagina. It is hung up.
  • BALOBAEV Veniamin Tihonovich (r. 1930), the Russian scientist, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1994). Transactionses on a geothermie of a zone of permafrost of a lithosphere of the Earth.
  • BALOBAN, a predatory bird of a set of a falcon family. Length up to 60 see. In steppes, forest steppes and mountains of Eurasia. It is appreciated, especially in the Near East, as a trap bird; it is guarded.
  • BALODIS (Balodis) Andrejs (1908-87), the Latvian poet. The participant of underground revolutionary movement in Latvia. Collections of verses " In rays of extirpation and victories " (1945), " Winged years " (1958), " the River of time " (1968), " the Ocean wind " (1971).
  • BALOR, in the Celtic mythology one of leaders formorov which could strike the whole army a killing view of the unique eye.
  • BALTA, city (with 1797) on Ukraine, the Odessa region, bliz zh.-d. An item. Balta. 23,6 thousand inhabitants (1991). Dairy - canning and furniture combines, the enterprises of a light industry, etc.
  • No comments: