Sunday, May 13, 2007

  • BALOBAEV Veniamin Tihonovich (r. 1930), the Russian scientist, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1994). Transactionses on a geothermie of a zone of permafrost of a lithosphere of the Earth.
  • BALOBAN, a predatory bird of a set of a falcon family. Length up to 60 see. In steppes, forest steppes and mountains of Eurasia. It is appreciated, especially in the Near East, as a trap bird; it is guarded.
  • BALODIS (Balodis) Andrejs (1908-87), the Latvian poet. The participant of underground revolutionary movement in Latvia. Collections of verses " In rays of extirpation and victories " (1945), " Winged years " (1958), " the River of time " (1968), " the Ocean wind " (1971).
  • BALOR, in the Celtic mythology one of leaders formorov which could strike the whole army a killing view of the unique eye.
  • BALTA, city (with 1797) on Ukraine, the Odessa region, bliz zh.-d. An item. Balta. 23,6 thousand inhabitants (1991). Dairy - canning and furniture combines, the enterprises of a light industry, etc.
  • BALTAKIS (Baltakis) Algimantas (r. 1930), the Lithuanian poet, the national poet of Lithuania (1986). Collections " CHertov the bridge " (1957), " the Underground rivers " (1965), " the Wandering mountain " (1967), " the Rivers and bridges " (1976), "Marathon" (1982); the collection of poetic transfers " Hour of brotherhood " (1986).
  • BALTER Boris Isaakovich (1919-74), the Russian writer. The lyrical story " Good-bye, boys " (1962) about pre-war generation of youth. The autobiographical story "Samarkand" (it is not ended, published in 1989).
  • BALTIYSK (up to 1946 Pillau), city in the Russian Federation, the Kaliningrad region, on the Baltic sand - bar, a fore bay of Kaliningrad (it is paired from nymas by a mid-ocean channel). A depot. 27,9 thousand inhabitants (1992). A museum of Baltic fleet. It is based in 1686.
  • BALTIC PATCH, intermittent strip of morainal patches along an austral and southeast shore of Baltic m. Length ok. 1500 kms, an altitude of 200-300 m. Conifers and mixed forests, lakes.
  • The BALTIC SYSTEM of ALTITUDES adopted in the Russian Federation system of true altitudes, which readout is conducted from zero of a graduated pole in Kronstadt.
  • BALTIC CHANNELS, see. Danish channels.
  • BALTIC TONGUES, group of the affine tongues relating to indoevropejskoj to family of tongues. Western - Baltic: Prussian, jatvjazhsky (extinct in 17-18 centuries); east - Baltic: Lithuanian, Latvian, extinct kurshsky, selonsky and some other.
  • BALTIC PORT, the official title of. Paldiski in Estonia in 1783-1917.
  • The BALTIC FLEET, goes back to the Russian fleet built at Peter I in nach. 18 century which awakely acted during Boreal war 1700-21 (victories at Gangut, Grengame, etc.). In Great Domestic war defended islands Moonzundskie, Thalline and p-ov Hanko, participat in the defence of Leningrad (1941-44), sustained approach of a land forces in Baltic, Vost. Prussia and Vost. Pomerania (1944-45).
  • BALTIC BOARD, projection dokembrijskogo the base in a northwest part of the East Europe ramp. It is combined by breeds of an Archean and the lower Proterozoic (gneises, crystalline slates, etc.). Since Paleozoic, periodically was hoisted and was range of drift.
  • BALTIC the PEST (dr .-ðóñ. Varjazhskoe) inland the pest Atlantic ok., for coasts the Sowing. And Compare. Europe. It is bridged to Boreal m. Danish channels. 419 thousand êì2. Prevailing depths of 40-100 m, maximum - 470 m. Large islands: Bornholm, Gotland, Eland, Saaremaa, Hiiumaa, Rjugen, Alandskie. Large bays: Botnichesky, Finnish, Riga. In Baltic the m. run the rivers Neva, Zap. Dvina (Daugava), Neman, Vistula, Odra. A salinity in a western part of 11 ‰, in central 6-8 ‰. In a north-east part solidifies. Fishery (a Baltic cod, a splat, sprat). As a result of man impacts the environmental setting of Baltic m has worsened. Primary ports: Saint Petersburg, Thalline, Riga, Liepaja, Klaipeda, Kaliningrad, Gdansk - Gdynja, Szczecin, Rostock, Kiel, Lubek, Copenhagen, Malme, Stockholm, Luleo, Turku, Helsinki. Health resorts: JUrmala, Liepaja, Kolobrzeg, Ustka, Heringsdorf, etc.
  • BALTIMORE (Baltimore) Dejvid (r. 1938), the American virologist. Probeed the mechanism of interaction of RNK-KEEPING oncogenous viruses with normal cells. Has discovered (irrespective of H.Temina) a ferment revertazu (a revertive transcriptase), ensuring drive of the genetic information from RNK to DNK. The Nobel Prize (1975, together with Teminom).
  • BALTIMORE (Baltimore) Dejvid (r. 1938), the American virologist. Probeed the mechanism of interaction of RNK-KEEPING oncogenous viruses with normal cells. Has discovered (irrespective of H.Temina) a ferment revertazu (a revertive transcriptase), ensuring drive of the genetic information from RNK to DNK. The Nobel Prize (1975, together with Teminom).
  • BALTRUSHAJTIS (Baltrusaitis) JUrgis (1873-1944), the Russian and Lithuanian poet. Bordered on to Russian symbolism. Collections: in Russian - " Earth stages " (1911), " the Mountain trail " (1912), " the Lily and a sickle " (it is published 1948); in the Lithuanian tongue - " the Wreath from teardrops " (1942). In 1921-39 plenipotentiary of Lithuania in the USSR. From 1939 cable cores in Paris.
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