Sunday, May 13, 2007

  • BANTING (Banting) Frederik the Underback (1891-1941), the canadian physiologist. Probeed a secretion of a pancreatic gland, has discovered (together with Dzh. Dzh. R.Makleodom, etc.) a hormone an insulin. The Nobel Prize (1923, together with McLeod).
  • BANTOK (Bantock) Grenvill (1868-1946), the English composer, the conductor and the teacher. Musical - scenic, vokalno-symphonic, program symphonic compositions on eastern, mythological, Grecian, Celtic and biblical scenes, etc.
  • To BOW, group of peoples in Center. And JUzh. To Africa (the largest - ruanda, makua, shona, kongo, malavi, rundi, zulu, a sand - bar, etc.). Ok. 200 million person (1992). Tongues to a bow. Were widely settled (from 1-st thousand up to n. e. Till 19 century), assimilating an aboriginal population (pygmies, carriers kojsanskih tongues).
  • To BOW, group of peoples in Center. And JUzh. To Africa (the largest - ruanda, makua, shona, kongo, malavi, rundi, zulu, a sand - bar, etc.). Ok. 200 million person (1992). Tongues to a bow. Were widely settled (from 1-st thousand up to n. e. Till 19 century), assimilating an aboriginal population (pygmies, carriers kojsanskih tongues).
  • To BOW TONGUES, group benue-kongolezskih tongues (Center. And JUzh. Africa). The most widespread from a bow of tongues: suahili, kikujju, rundi (kirundi), lingala, a bast, luganda, a sand - bar, zulu, kimbundu, shona, svazi, tsonga, etc.
  • BANTUSTANY, houmlendy (bantustans, homelands - national fatherland), the state educations generated by authorities of the republic of South Africa in 1960th to a breeding attribute. It was professed, that the purpose of building bantustanov - granting of independence to the black population. In total it has been derivated 10 bantustanov with different modes. 4 have been declared independent, 6 - self-managers.
  • BANTYSH-KAMENSKY Dmitry Nikolaevich (1788-1850), the Russian historian, arheograf. Son N.N.Bantysh-Kamenskogo. Transactionses on histories of Ukraine, " the Dictionary of memorable people of Russian ground " (t. 1-8, 1836-47).
  • BANTYSH-KAMENSKY Nikolay Nikolaevich (1737-1814), the Russian historian, arheograf, the chief of the Moscow archive of Board of foreign businesses. Probes and publications of documents on a history of foreign policy. The main transactionses - " the Review of external relations of Russia " (t. 1-4, 1894-1902).
  • BANFF (Banff), national park in Canada, on eastern downslopes of Rocky mountains. It is based in 1885. The area 664076 ga. Coniferous forests. CHernohvostyj a deer, vapiti, a snow goat, a grizzly, etc.
  • BAN CHAO (32-102), the Chinese commander and the diplomat. Led successful wars with hunnu.
  • BANGU (danpigu), the Chinese small secund drum.
  • BANYAN, the title of several kinds of trees of a stem an Indiarubber plant of a set of a mulberry family. The Indiarubber plant the Bengal (an altitude up to 30,5 ì) is most known under this title; can take the area up to 5000 m2, staging the whole grove. The top is sustained by prop air roots. Develops epifitno, but afterwards blights a tree - host. It is eurysynusic across all India where from an antiquity it is cultivated in villages for the sake of a heavy-bodied shade.
  • BATH - ONIONS (Banja Luka), city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 195 thousand inhabitants (1991). A machine industry, wood-working, chemical, kozhevenno-boot, a tobacco industry. Bliz Banja Luka - warm sulphurous sources. In 1969 has suffered from earthquake.
  • BAOBAB, tree of a set bombaksovyh, characteristic for savannahs of Africa. A trunk in a circle up to 25 m (sometimes up to 40 ì). Flying lives up to 5 thousand. Fruits are edible. From filaments of a bark produce cords and burlaps. Cultivate in tropics.
  • BAOBABOVYE, the same, that bombaksovye.
  • BAO-GUN (Lord Bao), the character of the Chinese legends, implementation of justice, the incorruptible judge. It was figured with a black face.
  • BAO-GIVE (r. 1913), emperor Annama in 1926-45. Has renounced a throne in 1945. In 1949-55 chief of state, built on occupied the French troops of terrain of Vietnam.
  • BAODING, city in China, in prov. Hebei. 483 thousand inhabitants (1991). A machine industry, textile, chemical, a food-processing industry.
  • BAOTOU, city in China, in independent area Inner Mongolia, on r. Huang He. 984 thousand inhabitants (1991). A large traffic centre. Metallurgical base of China. A machine industry; textile, etc. an industry. Production of mineral coal.
  • BAOTSZI, city in China, in prov. Shaanxi. 338 thousand inhabitants (1991). Textile, machine-building, impregnated-paper, a chemical industry.
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