Sunday, May 13, 2007

  • BARANOVSKY Peter Dmitrievich (1892-1990), the Russian explorer and the restorer of monuments of the architecture. Has developed new methods of restoral, recovered the monuments eroded in the season of Great Domestic war 1941-45 (Pjatnitskaja church in Chernigov), during renovation of Moscow salvaged from destruction masterpieces of Russian art of building (including. Vasily Blazhennogo a temple, Krutitsky band of a farmstead, etc.); on Baranovsky the most precise architectonic measurements the church Kazan Bozhiej Mothers recovered in Moscow, and also are recovered other demolished construction
  • BARANOVSKY Stepan Ivanovich (1817-90), the Russian scientist and the inventor. In 1860th has constructed the air motor for the locomotive ("duhovik" Baranovsky) and together with son V.S.Baranovskim - a pneumatic motor for a submersible; in 1880 has created a model of a flight vehicle more hardly air ("letun" Baranovsky). Baranovsky has created the mechanism for reconnaissance survey districts ("putemer" Baranovsky).
  • BARANSKAJA Natalia Vladimirovna (r. 1908), the Russian writer. In stories and stories - peripetias of women destinies, social - psychologic conflicts of duties. Broad popularity was received with the story " Week as week " (1969). Collections: " Negative ZHizel " (1977), " a Portrait presented to the friend " (1982), "Rememberance day" (1989), etc.
  • BARANSKY Nikolay Nikolaevich (1881-1963), Russian ekonomikogeograf, corresponding member AN the USSR (1939), the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1962). Transactionses under the theory and methodologies of socio economic geography and economic cartography. The tutorial on economic geography of the USSR for high schools (16 issuings with 1935). The state premium of the USSR (1952).
  • RAMS (argalis), stem of cloven-hoofed animals of a set polorogih. Length up to 2 m, weigh up to 200 kg. 2 kinds: an archar and the snow ram (sometimes secrete 8 kinds), will derivate many subspecies. Dwell primarily in high mountain areas. Object of a hunt (meat, a leather). In a number of places are small. Tame in an extreme antiquity.
  • BARAN, city (with 1972) in Belarus, Vitebsk region, on r. Adrov, in 9 kms from zh.-d. An item. Orsha. 14,1 thousand inhabitants (1991).
  • BARATAEV Michael Petrovich (1784-1856), prince from stem Baratashvili, the Georgian historian. Main transactionses - " Numizmaticheskie the facts of the Georgian kingdom " (t. 1-2, 1844-45).
  • BARATASHVILI Nikoloz Melitonovich (1817-45), the Georgian poet - romantik. Problems of the Georgian history, belief in the future of people, psychologism and steep lyricism in a poem " Destiny of Georgia " (1839), verses "Merani", " the Tomb of tsar Iraklija " (both 1842). Has rendered the considerable influence on development of the Georgian poetry.
  • BARATYNSKY (Boratynsky) Eugeny Abramovich (1800-44), the Russian poet. Original development of genres elegii and messages ("Finland", "Razuverenie", "Confession", " Two lobes "); poems ("Eda", "Dancing party"), noted by lyricism, psychologic and philosophical depth. In the collection "Twilights" (1842) - the contravention of historical advance and the spiritually - aesthetic human nature, refracted through tragical consciousness of the poet.
  • BARBADOSTSY (the self-title - bedzhenz), people, the main population of Barbados (250 thousand person), primarily descendants of the slaves exported from Africa in 17 - nach. 19 centuries. An aggregate number of 350 thousand person (1992), including in the USA 35 thousand person, the Great Britain 35 thousand person, Canada 30 thousand person. Speak on a dialect of the English tongue. The majority of believers anglikane, is methodists, moravian brothers, roman catholics.
  • BARBERRY, stem of bushes of a set of a barberry family. Ok. 500 kinds, primarily in Boreal hemisphere. The decorative, berrylike (fruits use in a food-processing industry as seasoning), dyeing and medicinal (apply at parent bleedings and as a cholagogue means) plants. Honey plants.
  • "BARBAROSSA" (Barbarossa), the code name of the plan of aggressive war of fascist Germany against the USSR. It is developed in 1940. Provided fulminant rout of the main forces of Red Army to the west of the rivers Dnepr and Zap. Dvina, and then an output on a line Arkhangelsk - Volga - Astrakhan. War was supposed to be scored within 2-3 months. Implementation of the plan " Barbarossa has been thwarted by heroic extirpation of peoples of the USSR.
  • BARBARUS É., see J.
  • BARBASHIN-SHUJSKY Vasily Ivanovich (? - ok. 1571), prince, voevoda in a marching to Astrakhan 1554 and in Livonskoj to war. In 1560 has routed konnitsu Livonskogo orders. Oprichnik.
  • BARBER (Barber) Semjuel (1910-81), the American composer. Operas " Âàíåññà " (1957), " Anthony and Kleopatra " (1966), ballet "Medea" (1946), orchestral, kamerno-tool compositions.
  • BARBERA (Barbera) Joseph (r .1911), the American film director - intensifier and the artist. In 1937-57 at studio " Underground Goldvin Mayer " (after to him it refused in-process at U.Disney studio). Together with U.Hanna " the Bear of Yoga ", "Flinstony" creates popular heroes of cartoon films of the cat of Thom and young mouse Dzherri, and then, in 1957, studio " Hanna-Barbera Prodakshnz " where popular multiplication serials "Family Dzhetsonov" have been removed, etc.
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