Sunday, May 27, 2007

  • BERNARD (Bernhardt) Sarai (1844-1923), the French actress. In 1872-80 in " Komedi Fransez ", in 1898-1922 headed " Theatre of Sarai Bernard " (Paris). Tragedijnye and melodramatic roles in plays Gjugo, the Djuma-son, Rostana, etc.
  • BERNARD (Bernard) Zenon (1894-1942), chairman KP of Luxembourg in 1921-40, one of its{her} organizers. After occupation of country by a german troops (1940) supervised in a underground over activity of Communist Party. It arrested gestapo, has died in prison.
  • BERNARD SHARTRSKY (mind{wit}. Up to 1130), the philosopher - sholast, the master and chancellor Shartrskoj of school. The higher brother Tjerri Shartrskogo. The primate of morals above learning (" without ethics there is no philosopher ") settled.
  • BERNARDEN DE SEN-PER (Bernardin de Saint-Pierre) Jacque Anri (1737-1814), the French writer. Russoistskie ideas in the novel " Pol and Virginia " (1788), a satiriko-philosophical story " the Indian hut " (1791), stories " Suratskaja a coffee house " (1791).
  • BERNARDIN SIENSKY (Bernardino da Siena) (1380-1444), the italian priest, the outlet box - franciscan. Has acquired popularity the sermons (with 1406) across all boreal and mean Italy with call-up to moral updating; the zealous champion of honoring of a name of Jesus.
  • BERNARDINES, see in an item. Cistercians.
  • BERNAT (Bernath) Aurel (1895-1982), the Hungarian painter and the schedule{chart}. The writer constrained on I blossom, emotional genre scenes, landscapes, wall paintings.
  • BERN - DZHONS (Burne-Jones) Edward (1833-1898), the English painter and risovalshchik. Prerafaelit. Resorting to a stylization of italian painting 15 century, wrote lyrical patterns on themes of medieval legends (" Love among debris ", 1893).
  • BERN (Borne) Ludwig (1786-1837), the german publicist and the literary critic. Struggled with feudal reaction, nationalism, filisterstvom (" Letters from Paris ", 1832-34; pamphlet "Mentsel-frantsuzoed", 1837); one of ideologists of " Pullet{Young man} Germany ".
  • BERNEM Dzh., see Bernhem Dzh.
  • BERNES Mark Naumovich (1911-69), the Russian actor, the national actor of Russia (1965). It was taken out in films: "Fighters", " Two fighters ", " the Third impact ", etc. The Popular crooner, the propagandist of the modern songs. The state premium of the USSR (1951).
  • BERNET (Burnet) Frenk (1899-1985), the australian virologist and the immunologist. Has described the causal organism of a ku-fever. Transactionses on ecology of viruses. One of writers t. n. The klonalno-selection theory of immunity. Probeed mechanisms of autoimmune diseases. The Nobel Prize (1960, together with P.B.Medavarom).
  • BERNETT (Burnett) Frensis Eliza (1849-1924), the American writer. Moralizing prose about children: the novel " Small lord Fauntleroj " (1886), the story " Small princess " (1905).
  • BERNI (Berni) Antonio (1905-81), the Argentina painter. In 30th one of founders of social art of " new realism " in Argentina (" Midnight above the world ").
  • BERNI (Berni) Franchesko (ok. 1497-1535), the italian poet - satirist, vysmeivavshy in sonnets of hypocrites, dads, tyrants; the creator of a parody genre "bernesko"; political judgments Berni are expressed in poem Bojardo processed by him{it} " In love Roland ".
  • BERNI (Burney) CHarlz (1726-1814), the English historian of music, the organist, the composer. Development of the musical art connected to other parties of art and public life. The main{basic} transactionses " the Overall history of music " (1776-89). Cantatas, tool{instrument} products{creations}, etc.
  • BERNINA (Bernina), the highest (up to 4049 ì) a hills in Eastern Alpes.
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