Sunday, May 27, 2007

  • BERYLLIOSIS, occupational intoxication beryllium or his{its} connections with a defeat of wind - pipes.
  • BERYLLIUM OXIDE, VeO, colourless crystals; tïë 2578 °S. A refractory and chemical-resistant material for special ceramics, a decelerator and a neutron reflector in nuclear reactors.
  • BERING (Behring) Emil Adolf (1854-1917), a german microbiologist, the immunologist. Has offered antitetanic and antidiphtherial antitoxiferous wheys, has developed a way of an active immunization against a diphtheria. The Nobel Prize (1901).
  • BERING the ISLAND, in group Komandorskih of islands (Russian Federation). 1,7 thousand êì2. An altitude up to 751 m. It is coated{obtected} primarily with tundra vegetation. Lairs of marine sea - bears, eared seals. It is called named V.Bering.
  • BERING STRAIT, between mainlands Eurasias and the Sowing. America. Bridges the Sowing. Ledovityj ok. With Quiet ok. Length of 96 kms, the least width of 86 kms, a critical depth of 36 m. It is called named V.Bering. In the middle Beringova a channel, between islands Diomida, the frontier of the Russian Federation and the USA passes.
  • BERIO (Beriot) Charles Ogjust (1802-70), the Belgian violinist, the composer. The virtuoso, the founder national skripichnoj schools; 10 concerts for a violin with an orchestra, plays for a violin and a piano; " Skripichnaja school ".
  • BERISLAV, city (with 1784) on Ukraine, the Kherson region, in 12 kms from zh.-d. An item. Cossack, landing stage on water reservoir Kahovskom. 17,7 thousand inhabitants (1991). Machine works; the alimentary enterprises. A historical museum. It is based in 15 century.
  • BERITASHVILI (Beritov) Ivan Solomonovich (1884/85-1974), the Georgian physiologist, the creator of the Georgian school of physiologists, academician AN the USSR (1939), AN Georgia (1941), AMN (1944), the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1964). Transactionses on physiology of the maximum nervous activity and central nervous system. Probes of a physiological, psychologic and physico-chemical fundamentals of memory{remembrance}. The state premium of the USSR (1941).
  • BERISHA (Berisha) Grease (r. 1944), the president of Albania since April 1992. The leader ruling (since March 1992) Democratic party of Albania (it is built in 1990) in September 1991-April 1992.
  • BERK (1209-66), khan of Golden Horde, junior brother Batyja. At Berk Zolotaja Orda it was actually isolated from the Mongolian empire.
  • BERKENGEJM Abram Moiseevich (1867-1938), Russian chemists - organics, the honored worker of science and technique of RSFSR (1934). In monographies " the Fundamentals of electronic chemistry of organic compounds " (1917) has entered into an organic chemistry new submissions about electronic structure of atom. One of founders of a himiko-farmaceutical industry in the USSR. Has developed methods of production of some medicinal and synthetic odorous substances (novocaine, luminal, etc.).
  • BERKELEY (Berkeley), city in the west the USA, pieces. California; suburb San Francisco. 103 thousand inhabitants (1990). A machine industry, chemical, a food-processing industry. One of the largest branches of the Californian university.
  • BERKELEY (Berkeley) George (1685-1753), the English philosopher; diocesan in Klojne (Ireland). In " the Tract about the beginnings of human knowledge " (1710) asserted{approved}, that the external world does not exist{breathe} irrespective of perceptions and intellection: life of things will consist in their perceptibility. The subjective-idealistic doctrine of Berkeley - one of sources empiriokrititsizma, a pragmatism, neopozitivizma.
  • BERKELIUM (an armour. Berkelium), Bk, the synthetic chemical element of III group of a periodic system, atomic number 97, falls into to actinoids. It is radioactive, most stable isotope 247Bk (a half - life 1380 flying). It is called on a place of discovering ( Berkeley).
  • BERKOV Pavel Naumovich (1896-1969), the Russian literary critic, corresponding member AN the USSR (1960). Transactionses under the Russian literature, its{her} interrelations with foreign literatures, histories of journalism.
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