Thursday, May 17, 2007

  • BOULANGERITE, mineral of a class of sulphides (subclass of the composite sulphides), Pb5Sb4S11. Impurity Cu, Fe, Zn. Needles, fibrous units, dense masses. Hardness 2,5-3; firmness ok. 6,0 g / sm3. Hydrothermal. Ore of lead.
  • BULANZHIZM, chauvinistic motion in France in kon. 80th of 19 century under slogans of revanchist war against Germany, revision of the republican constitution (1875) and dissolution of parliament; it was headed by general Z.Bulanzhe.
  • DAMASCENE (damascene) (from the persian. pulad - steel), molten carbon steel with peculiar structure and the figured surface, having high hardness and an elasticity. From a damascene produced a cold steel of exclusive steadfastness and a sharpness. It is mentioned still Aristotelem. The secret of manufacturing of the damascene, lost in Middle Ages, has uncovered in 19 century. P.P.Anosov.
  • DAMASCENE Alexander Mihajlovich (1793-1826), the decembrist, the colonel. The participant of Domestic war of 1812 and oversea marchings. The member of Boreal society. The participant of revolt 14.12.1825. Up to court has committed suicide.
  • DAMASCENE Mithat Sagatdinovich (r. 1907), the Uzbek architect, the historian of the architecture. The writer of a master plan of renovation of Tashkent (1952-54), administrative both public buildings in Tashkent and Samarkand.
  • BULAHOV Peter Petrovich (1822-85), the Russian composer and the teacher. The writer of popular romances and songs ("Three", " on ways sat major "). His father Peter Aleksandrovich (ok. 1793-1835) and the brother Paul Petrovich (1824-75) - opera singers.
  • BULAHOVSKY Leonid Arsenjevich (1888-1961), jazykoved, academician AN of Ukraine (1939), corresponding member AN the USSR (1946). Transactionses on problems of Russian and Ukrainian linguistics, Slavic philology, slavonic aktsentologii.
  • BULASHEVICH Jury Petrovich (r. 1911), Russian a geophysics, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1970). Transactionses on geophysical methods of investigation (primarily nuclear); developed the theory of neutron logging and a method of called polarization; probeed migration of actinogenic gases.
  • BULVER-LITTON (Bulwer-Lytton) Edward (1803-73), baron, the English writer. Roman from life of high society "Pelem" (t. 1-3, 1828), the historical novel " the Last days Pompeii " (1834), dramas ("Richelieu", 1839).
  • BULGAKOV Boris Vladimirovich (1900-52), the Russian scientist, corresponding member AN the USSR (1946). Transactionses on gyroscopic instruments, servo-mechanisms, theories of non-linear oscillations.
  • BULGAKOV Mihail Afanasjevich (1891-1940), the Russian writer. In the novel " White guards " (1925-27), plays " Days Turbinyh " (production in 1926), "Trot race" (1926-28, production in 1957) has shown tragical conflicts of duties of the Civil war and crash of " white motion ". Many products of the writer at life were not published. The story and stories: " Fatal eggs ", "Djavoliada" (both books 1925), " the Dog heart " (1925, it is published in 1987); " the Theatrical novel " (unfinished, 1936-37, it is published in 1965). In the novel " the Master and Margarita " (1929-40, it is published in 1966-67) - idea of perpetually opposition of moral and creative self-sacrifice to a satanic host, embodied in two temporary plans; in grotesquely figured modernity (with use of mythological figurativeness) and gospel scenes.
  • BULGAKOV Mihail Petrovich (metropolitan Macarius) (1816-82), the Russian historian, the academician Petersburg AN (1854). Transactionses " the History of Russian church " (t. 1-12).
  • BULGAKOV Feodor Iljich (1852-1908), the Russian journalist and the historian of art. " The art encyclopedia " (t. 1-2, 1886-87), the collection of biographies " our artists " (t. 1-2, 1889-90).
  • BULGAKOV Jacob Ivanovich (1743-1809), the Russian diplomat, the writer, translator; the honorary member Petersburg AN (1795). In 1781-89 extraordinary envoy and the minister plenipotentiary in Constantinople. Has achieved confession of apposition by Turkey to Russia of Crimea, Tamani and grounds on r. Kuban. With 1790 envoy in Warsaw.
  • BULGAKOV Majja Grigorjevna (1932-94), the Russian actress, the national actress of Russia (1976). Worked in Theatre - studio of a film actor. At kino with 1955. Most the considerable roles has played in films: " the Nasty joke " (1965), "Side panels" (1966), " On fire of ford no " (1967), " the Crime and punishment " (1969), "Farewell" (1981), "Evil spirit" (1991), in TV movies: "Gipsy", "Attorney", etc.
  • BULGAN, city in Mongolia, in a valley r. Orkhon, administrative centre Bulganskogo ajmaka. 11 thousand inhabitants. Mild, alimentary, a woodworking industry.
  • BULGANIN Nikolay Aleksandrovich (1895-1975), the political figure, the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1955), the general - colonel (1944 and with 1958); in 1947-1958 had a rank of Marshal of Soviet Union. With 1937 chairman SNK RSFSR, with 1938 vice-president SNK the USSR. With 1944 member of State Committee of the defence, with 1947 vice-president of Council of Ministers and it is simultaneous in 1947-49 minister for Armed forces, in 1953-55 Minister of Defence of the USSR. In 1955-58 chairman of Council of Ministers of the USSR, then on a fatigue.
  • BULGAR, see. Bolgar.
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