Thursday, May 17, 2007

  • STORM, see. Strong gale.
  • BURYATIYA (Republic Buryatiya), in the Russian Federation, in the south Vost. Siberia. 351,3 thousand êì2. The population of 1059 thousand person (1992), urban 60 %; Buryats (249,5 thousand person, census 1989), Russian, ukraintsy, tartars, etc. 20 areas, 6 cities, 34 urban settlements (1991). Capital - Ulan-Ude. The terrain is located to the orient from an eskar. Baikal. A surface mountainous, an altitude up to 3491 m. A climate sharply continental. Mean temperatures of January? 24 °S, July 17 °S. A rainfall ok. 300 mm annually. The rivers: Selenga, Barguzin, Top part. Angara, running into an eskar. Baikal, and in-leak of Lena - r. Vitim. 4/5 terrains are forested. Reservations: Barguzinsky, Baikal. The Buryat nations have taken Pribaikalye and Transbaikalia in nach. 13 century. In it is grey. 17 century. Buryatiya was part of Russia. National - krepostnichesky the press has called revolts 1658, 1696. In 1918-19 it is occupied by Japanese and American interventionists. On April, 27 on January, 1921 and 9 1922 the Buryat - Mongolian independent region and the Mongolo-Buryat independent region which on May, 30 1923 were aggregated in Buryat - Mongolian Independent SSR in structure of RSFSR, in 1958-91 - Buryat Independent SSR are derivated. In October 1990 VS Buryatiya has accepted the Declaration on the state sovereignty. In December 1991 the law on introduction of a post of the president is adopted. The machine industry and metal working, wood, wood-working and pulp and paper, a building materials, mild, a food-processing industry are developed. Production of brown coal, black lead; production and a thorough revision of volframo-moly ores, apatites, etc. Gusinoozerskaja a state district power station. Animal husbandry (a large horned stock; tonkorunnoe a sheep raising, a swine breeding, a poultry breeding). Crops grain and feed crops. Cultivate a potato and vegetables. Hunting of fur animals, a fur farming. Navigation on an eskar. Baikal, rr. Selenga and Barguzin.
  • The BURYAT HORSE, verhovo-uprjazhnaja aboriginal, is introduced and long since gets divorced in terrain of Buryatiya. Animal stunted, hardy, unpretentious, adapted to tabunnomu to the content and tebenevke. Are used for obtaining meat and milk.
  • " The BURYAT TRUTH ", monument of the customary law priangarskih the Buryat (bulagatov). It is recorded in 1693 Russian sluzhilym by person B.Serebrennikovym. 11 points keeping a list of crimes loose and slaves with notation of sanctions.
  • The BURYAT ANNALS, historical chronicles eastern the Buryat from ancient times up to 2-nd floor. 19 century. Are constituted in literary Mongolian tongue. Writers I.Lombotsyrenov, T.Toboev, V.Jumsunov, etc. used historical records and chronicles, documents, legends.
  • The BURYAT CENTRE OF SCIENCE of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Science, is converted to 1988 of like branch (it is based in 1966 in Ulan-Ude). 5 scientific institutes.
  • The BURYAT DRAMA THEATRE him. H.Namsaraeva, is based in 1932, with 1977 academic.
  • The BURYAT OPERA AND BALLET THEATRE, is open in 1948 in Ulan-Ude on the basis Musical - drama theatre (it is based in 1939). With 1979 academic. Performances in the Buryat and Russian tongues.
  • The BURYAT TONGUE, falls into to the Mongolian group of tongues. Writing on the basis of the Russian alphabet.
  • BURYATS (the self-title - barjaat), people in the Russian Federation, the main population of Buryatiya (250 thousand person). In total in the Russian Federation 421 thousand person. Live also in a north of Mongolia and north-east of China. An aggregate number of 520 thousand person (1992). Tongue Buryat. Believers - Buddhists, shamanisty.
  • BUSIDO (" a path of the soldier "), the feudal code of conduct of Japanese Samurais. Demanded an accuracy to the sovereign, confessions of military science by unique occupation, worthy the Samurai.
  • BUSIRIS (Busirid), in the Grecian mythology tsar of Egypt, son Posejdona and Lisianassy. Immolated Zevsu all strangers, pribyvavshih in his country as, according to a forecast, only it could save Egypt of a drought. Has been killed Geraklom when that has appeared in Egypt and as the stranger should be brought in a victim.
  • BUSK, city (with 1940) on Ukraine, the Lvov region, bliz zh.-d. An item. Krasne. 8,6 thousand inhabitants (1991). A food-processing industry, etc. It is known with 1097.
  • BUSKE (Bousquet) ZHoe (1897-1950), the French writer. In 1-st world war it is crippled at the front, it is for life confined to bed. It is close to surrealism, it is amicable with Ä. de Ruzhmonom. Books dnevnikovogo character " Transfer from silence " (1941), " the Black writing-book " (it is published in 1990). The collection of verses " Comprehension of evening " (1947), novels " From midnight till the midnight " (1946), " Snow of the former times " (1952). An essay about writers and artists.
  • BUSLAEV Alexander Nikolaevich (1894-1976), the Russian circus performer, the national actor of Russia (1963). Worked from I.N.Bugrimovoj in air amusement and as the ringmaster (1929-46), then from T.N.Buslaevoj.
  • BUSLAEV Feodor Ivanovich (1818-97), the Russian philologist and the critic, the academician Petersburg AN (1860). Transactionses in range of slavonic and Russian linguistics, the old russian literature and folklore, old russian fine arts. The representative of mythological school to Russian science, later - schools of drawing (the migratory theory). Emitted ancient manuscripts.
  • BUSLAEV Jury Aleksandrovich (r. 1929), the Russian chemist - neorganik, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; academician AN the USSR with 1984). Transactionses on stereochemistry of complexes with a multiple bond metal - a ligand. The state premium of the USSR (1976).
  • BUSLENKO Nikolay Panteleevich (1922-77), the Russian mathematician, corresponding member AN the USSR (1966). Transactionses on mathematical modelling the composite systems. The state premium of the USSR (1986, posthumously).
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