Wednesday, May 16, 2007

  • BRADLEY Frensis Gerberg (1846-1924), the English philosopher, the chapter English neogegeljanstva. Criticized a positivism and a utilitarianism from items teisticheskogo " absolute idealism ". The main composition " the Phenomena and a reality ".
  • BREDSTRIT (Bradstreet) Anna (1612-72), the first American poetess. The writer of the book " the Tenth muse who has recently appeared in America " (1650, it is published in the London). In the off-the-shelf time interest to its creativity was involved with poem Dzh dedicated her. Berrimena " the Tribute to madam Bredstrit " (1953).
  • BREILA (Braila) (Braila), city and a port on Danube, on the orient Romania, an administrative centre zhudetsa Breila. 235 thousand inhabitants (1992). Metallurgy, a machine industry, pulp and paper, chemical, cement, wood-working, sewing, a food-processing industry.
  • BRENGVIN (Brenguin) (Brangwyn) Frenk (1867-1956), the English schedule and the painter. In ekspressivnyh large etchings ("Sawhands", 1904) has embodied heroic and gravity of transactionses, inclement appearance of industrial cities. Anti-war lithographs and posters.
  • BRESTED (Breasted) James Genri (1865-1935), the American egyptologist, supervised over archeological excavations in Egypt and Nubia. Has emited the canopy drevneegipetskih historical documents.
  • BRETIANU (Bratianu) Jon Junior (1864-1927), the chairman of Council of Ministers of Romania in 1908-11, 1914-19 (with a rest in 1918), 1922-26, 1927. With 1909 leader Natsional-liberal. One of organizers of capture (1918) Bessarabias, interventions against the Hungarian Soviet republic 1919.
  • BRETIANU (Bratianu) (Bratianu) Jon the Higher (1821-91), the chairman of Council of Ministers of Romania in 1876-88 (with a rest in 1881). The participant of " the Monstrous coalition ", with 1875 leader Natsional-liberal. Government Bretianu has proclaimed (1877) independence of the Romanian state of Turkey, has joined (1883) Romania to the Tripartite alliance 1882.
  • BRUGGE (flam. - Brugge, frants. - Brugts), city in Belgium, on Boreal pest, an administrative centre prov. Zap. Flanders. 117 thousand inhabitants (1992). A traffic centre; seaport (fore bays on Boreal m. - Zebrjugge and Ostende), a unit of shipping canals: Brugge - Zebrjugge, Brugge of Ostende, Brugge - Gent. A metal-working, machine-building, chemical, flavoring, textile industry, manufacture of laces. A museum of the Netherlands art. Municipal art passageway. It is known from 7 century. In 11-14 centuries one of the centres of shop handcraft largest in Europe and international trade. Gothic cloth numbers (13-14 centuries) with a urban tower (13-15 centuries). Church Onze-live-Vrauekerk (13-16 centuries; with "Madonna" Mikelandzhelo).
  • " BRJUGGSKAJA the TENEBRAE ", revolt (on the night of May, 18 1302) handicraftsmen of Brugge against the French king Phillip IV who in 1300 has trapped Flanders; a signal to the overall revolt finishing with the French domination on a large part of Flanders.
  • TROUSERS (Bruck) Charles (r. 1911), the French conductor. The participant of movement of Resistance. In 1950-54 conductor of the Netherlands opera, with 1955 - an orchestra of the Wireless in Strasbure, in 1965-70 - the Philharmonic orchestra of the French wireless and a television.
  • SWEDE, biennial herbaceous plant of a stem cabbage of a set of a cruciferae family. Cultivate a swede a dining room and feed, in Europe, the Sowing. To America, the Sowing. To Africa; in the Russian Federation predominary in the Non-chernozem zone of the European part.
  • BRJUKNER (Bruckner) Alexander (1856-1939), Polish jazykoved and the literary critic, foreign corresponding member Petersburg AN (1889). Transactionses on a history of Polish tongue and the literature. The main transactionses " the Etymological dictionary of Polish tongue " (1927).
  • BRYULLOV Alexander Pavlovich (1798-1877), the Russian architect, the representative of a serotinal classicism. Brother K.P.Bryullov. Buildings of former headquarters of a Guards body (1837-43) on the Palace square in Saint Petersburg, Pulkovskoj observatories (1834-39); in a number of activities used stylistics of the Gothic architecture.
  • BRJUMER (frants. brumaire, from brume - a fog), 2-nd month (on October, 22/23 November) the French republican calendar (1793-1805).
  • BRJUNETER (Brunetiere) Ferdinand (1849-1906), the French critic, the historian and the theorist of the literature. Changeover of literary directions and aesthetic tastes explained art aspirations of the creative person (" the History of the French literature of the classical season ", 1904-12).
  • BRJUNING (Bruning) Genrih (1885-1970), German rejhskantsler in 1930-32, the representative of a roman catholic consignment of "Center". In 1934 has emigrated in the USA.
  • BRJUNSVIK (Brunschvicg) Leon (1869-1944), the French philosopher, the representative t. n. Critical rationalism. Asserted necessity of use for philosophy of a scientific method, expounding it as activity of reason independent of the objective world.
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