Wednesday, May 16, 2007

  • The BUDAPEST CONVENTION (secret), between Russia and Austria-Hungary 15.1.1877 about the consent of Russia to occupation by the Austrian troops of Bosnia and Herzegovina under condition of observance by Austria of neutrality in russko-turkish war. Has given Austria a halter to demand revision of conditions the Dignity - Stefanskogo of the world 1878.
  • The BUDAPEST OPERATION, 29.10.1944-13.2.1945, during Great Domestic war. The Soviet troops of 2-nd and 3-rd Ukrainian fronts (Marshals of Soviet Union R.J.Malinovsky, F.I.Tolbuhin) in December 1944 have enclosed in Budapest almost 190-thousand grouping from structure of a german army group "South" (general - colonel G.Frisner) and after persistent breakages liquidated her, having released Budapest (13.2.1945).
  • The BUDAPEST UNIVERSITY him. L.Etvesha, Hungary, is based in 1635. In 1990 over 8 thousand students.
  • To BUDDHA Eugeny Fedorovich (1859-1929), Russian jazykoved, corresponding member Petersburg AN (1916). Transactionses on dialectology and histories of Russian literary language.
  • BUDDHAGHOSHA (5 century up to n. e.), the outstanding scientist - Buddhist who has constituted arguments and additions to a Buddhist canon.
  • BUDEN (Boudin) Ezhen (1824-98), the French painter. Poetical, landscapes finely relaying air medium anticipated impressionism.
  • BUDYONNOVSK, (up to 1920 Sacred Cross, in 1920-35 and 1957-73 Prikumsk), city in the Russian Federation, Stavropol kr. A depot. 58,5 thousand inhabitants (1992). A chemical, alimentary, textile industry. It is based in 1799. It is renamed in honour of S.M.Budyonny.
  • BUDENNOVSKAJA BREED of horses, high, is introduced in 1921-48 in stud farms of the Rostov region. Animal large, proof build, wanton, hardy. Use and in a harness.
  • BUDYONNY Semen Mihajlovich (1883-1973), Marshal of Soviet Union (1935), triply the Hero of Soviet Union (1958, 1963, 1968). In the Civil war commanding 1-st Horse army (1919-23). In 1939-41 deputy narkoma defences of the USSR. In Great Domestic war (in 1941-42) the commander-in-chief a troops of the Southwest and North Caucasian directions, commanding Stand-by and North Caucasian fronts. One of organizers of mass reprisals among military in 1930-40-Õ. Memories: " Projdennyj a path " (kn. 1-3, 1958-73).
  • BUDENOVKA, the national title of the headgear existing in Red Army in 1919-1941.
  • BUDZHAK, historical range between ostiums of the rivers Danube and Dnestr in 16-19 centuries, an austral part of Bessarabia (the south of the modern Odessa region). In 17-18 centuries kochevja the Belgorod Horde. With 1812 in Russian empire.
  • " BUDI UTOMO " (" the High purpose "), the first national Indonesian educational and anticolonial organization (1908-35). Integrated primarily representatives of the intelligency, learning youth, officials.
  • "ALARM CLOCK", the Russian satirical log-book issued in 1865-71 in Saint Petersburg, in 1873-1917 in Moscow (2 times a month, with 1866 it are weekly). In 60th published products of democratic writers. In 1881-87 in "Alarm clock" A.P.Chehov cooperated.
  • BUDINY, nomad tribes in terrain between Dnepr and Volga (1 thousand up to n. e.).
  • "BUDITELI", figures (primarily scientists, writers) the Czech national motion (" the Czech revitalization ") kon. 18 - 1-st floor. 19 centuries. The program (1818; writers F.Palatsky, P.Shafarik) - extirpation for revitalization of the Czech tongue, the literature, science, crop. Have played the considerable role in formation of the Czech national self-consciousness.
  • BUDISHIN, luzhitskoe the title of. Bautsen in Germany.
  • BUDISHINSKY the MIR 1018, has finished germansko-Polish wars 1003-18 (with a rest). It is signed in. Budishin. To Poland marks headed out Luzhitsa, part Mishenskoj (Mejsenskoj).
  • BUDISHCHEV Alexey Nikolaevich (1864-1916), the Russian writer, the poet. In lyrics (the collection of "Poem", 1901) - chamber intonations; poem "Kalitka" (" Only evening zateplitsja blue... "), set to music, has become a popular romance. Stories (the collection " Miscellaneous concepts ", 1901), novels.
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