Wednesday, May 16, 2007

  • BUDKER Gersh Itskovich (1918-77), Russian physics, academician AN the USSR (1964). The founder and the director of Institute of nuclear physics AN the USSR (with 1957). Transactionses on nuclear reactors, boosters, plasma physics, physics of particles of high energy. Has created boosters on colliding beams. The lenin premium (1967), the State premium of the USSR (1949).
  • BUDNIKOV Peter Petrovich (1885-1968), the chemist - neorganik, corresponding member AN the USSR (1939), academician AN of Ukraine (1939), the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1965). Transactionses on chemistry and technologies of silikates, to complex study of mineral raw materials. State premiums of the USSR (1942, 1950, 1952).
  • BUDNYJ Simon (ok. 1530-93), one of chiefs reformatsionnogo motions in Belarus and Lithuania. The organizer of a printing house in Nesvizhe where has emited in the Byelorussian tongue "Catechisn" (1562) and other books.
  • BUDOCHNIK, the lowest grade of a city police in Russian empire. Had a post (a booth with black-and-white strips) on crossroads of streets. In 2-nd floor. 19 century it is substituted by the policeman.
  • BUDRAJTIS (Budraitis) JUozas (r. 1940), the Lithuanian actor, the national actor of Lithuania (1982). With 1979 at the Kaunas drama theatre. Art Budrajtisa is noted by restraint, courage, psychologic depth. Roles: Solnes ("Builder Solnes" G.Ibsena), Hereja ("Kaligula" A.Kamju), etc. Was taken out nobody in films " wanted to die ", " This sweet word - freedom ", television film "Roundrobin", etc.
  • BUDSKY (Budsky) Joseph (r. 1911), the Slovak actor, the producer. In 1945-53 chief of National theatre in Bratislava. Worked at other theatres. Among productions: " Love Summer " Treneva (1950), " Antirun and other " Karvasha (1962).
  • BUDUHSKY TONGUE, see in an item. The Dagestan tongues.
  • BUDHA, in vedijskoj and induistskoj mythologies olitsetvorenie planets a Mercury, the son Siluruses and Container.
  • BUDYKO Michael Ivanovich (r. 1920), Russian a geophysics, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1992). Transactionses on a climatology, bioclimatologies, ecology, a heat balance of a surface. The lenin premium (1958).
  • ICE YACHT (niderl. boeier), a special light-weight construction on skates or sprockets (a cabin, a ramp with a flag). Races on ice yachts on ice - the kind of sport popular in the USA, Canada, a number of european countries. World championships and Europe on ice yachting with 1964.
  • GILL (turki)., the title of superficially recessed gullies of a central part of East European plain.
  • BOUGIE (from frants. bougie - a probe) (widener), the instrument for probe and expansions of tubular organs (a urethra, an esophagus, etc.).
  • BUZHANE, the title of group of eastern slavs living in verhovjah Zap. Bug. In kon. 10 century were included in the Old russian state. See. Duleby, Volynjane.
  • PORK, the fried or baked meat product prepared from smeared over I shall decant also spices of a pork ham without a bone.
  • BOUGIES (Bougie), the former title of. Bedzhaija in Algeria.
  • BUZHINSKY Gabriel (?-1731), the Russian church figure (the member of Synod, a tread of all schools and printing houses; diocesan), the writer, a translator.
  • BUJUMBURA (Bujumbura), capital Burundi, a port on an eskar. Tanganyika. 236 thousand inhabitants (1990). An international airport. Alimentary, a light industry. Fishery. University. It is based in 1897. About 1922 administrative centre mandated, in 1946-62 podopechnoj Belgian terrain Ruanda - Urundi. With 1962 capital of an independent state of Burundi.
  • BUZANOV Ivan Feoktistovich (1903-84), the selector, academician VASHNIL (1956). Transactionses on selection, physiologies, biochemistry of sugar-beet. The lenin premium (1960).
  • BUZACHI, hilly peninsula in a north-east part Caspian m. (Kazakhstan). An altitude up to 61 m. Barhannye both hilly sands and solonchaks.
  • BUZDYHAN, the turkish title of a club.
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