Thursday, May 17, 2007

  • BUSH (Busch) Wilhelm (1832-1908), the german poet and the artist. Comic cycles of the drawings accompanied with his verses (" Maks and Moritz ", 1865); criticized inhabitants and churchmen (" Devot Elena ", 1872).
  • BUSH (Bush) George Gerbert Uoker (r. 1924), 41-st president the USA (1989-93), from the Republican consignment. In 1967-70 member of a House of Representatives. In 1971-75 on different diplomatic posts. In 1976-77 director of the Central intelligence service. In 1981-89 vice-president the USA.
  • BUSH Ivan Fedorovich (1771-1843), the founder of the first Russian surgical school, the writer of the first Russian guiding on surgery.
  • BUSH Nikolay Adolfovich (1869-1941), Russian botanik, corresponding member AN the USSR (1925; corresponding member Russian AN with 1920). Transactionses on plant geography of Caucasus, Siberia and the Far East.
  • BUSH Nikolay Adolfovich (1869-1941), Russian botanik, corresponding member AN the USSR (1925; corresponding member Russian AN with 1920). Transactionses on plant geography of Caucasus, Siberia and the Far East.
  • BUSH (Busch) Hans (1884-1973), german physics, the founder of electron optics. Has discovered (1926) focusing action of a magnetic field on charged particles and has developed a magnetic electron lens.
  • BUSH (Busch) Ernest (1885-1945), the german commander, general - field marshal (1943). In 2-¯ world war by commanding 16-th army in the French campaign and on the sovetsko-German front, in 1943-44 - the formation army " Center " on the sovetsko-German front, in 1945 - a troops in northwest of Germany.
  • BUSH Ernest (1900-80), the german singer. The initiator of revolutionary and working songs. Cooperated to B.Brecht. The prisoner of fascist concentration camps and prisons. In 1950-60 actor of theatre " Berliner band ". The international Lenin premium (1972).
  • BUSHARDA (Bouchardat) Gjustav (1842-1918), the French chemist. The main transactionses on terpenes and Saccharums. For the first time has received a synthetic rubber-like product from isoprene.
  • BUSHVELDSKY the COMPLEX (Bushveld), a large intrusive mass (lopolit; ok. 67 thousand êì2) with unique on reserves deposits of platinum and a chromium; in terrain of the republic of South Africa (prov. Transvaal). Development with 1919. Reserves Pt of 62,5 thousand t, chromites ok. 3 billion t, V2O5 7,8 million t, Au 1100 t, Ni 23 million t, Cu 10 million t.
  • BOUCHEE (Boucher) Jean (1476-1557 or 1559), the French writer. Friend F.Rable, belonged to school " great ritorov " (literary school kon. 15 - it is grey. 16 centuries, cultivating difficultly organized form of product). Allegory " the Labyrinth of Fate " (1522), the collection " Messages instructive and family " (1545).
  • BOUCHEE (Boucher) Francois (1703-70), the French painter. The representative of a rococo. The decorative graceful mythological and pastoral scenes, landscapes, sketches for trellises.
  • BOUCHEE (Boucher) Francois (1885-1966), the French historian of a costume. The honorary director of the Museum the Carnival in Paris, the director of the centre on study of a costume, the writer of probe " the History of a Western-European costume " (1966).
  • BUSHEL (English bushel), a volume measure of liquids and loose substances in system of the English measures. 1 bushel (British) = 36,3687 dm3, 1 bushel (USA) = 35,2393 dm3.
  • PILOT JACKET, 1) a kind of a service dress of mariners and junior commanders in the Russian VTR - a d.b. cloth black jacket... 2) the Winter work wear of ordinary ammunition warehouses of Russian army in kon. 19 - nach. 20 vv... 3) the Kapok pilot jacket - the personal life preserver used in a number of a VTR, - stegannaja on kapoke (not water wet fibers of fruits of a tropical tree) a jacket; it is substituted by an air rubber waistcoat.
  • BUSHMEJSTER (surukuku), the snake of a set jamkogolovyh. Length up to 3,7 m (among adders - second-largest in a world fauna). In equatorial America, in the wet tropical forests, it is routine near to water. It is awake at night. JAjtsekladushch. Number in many areas is reduced.
  • BUSHMENSKAJA STRAIN (juzhnoafrikanskaja the strain), enters in major equatorial (negro-avstraloidnuju) strain. The leather, fine-bored naze, rather flat face and an impressed bridge, epikantus, events of a steatopyga are characteristic very low growth, more light, than for other negroidov. It is distributed in a southeast of Africa (bushmeny). Some anthropologists consider bushmenskuju strain as one of major strains of mankind.
  • BUSHMENSKIE TONGUES, family kojsanskih tongues. Basic groups: kung, ngusan, auni, khomani, hadza (hatsa). Unwritten.
  • BUSHMENY (from niderl. bosjesman, characters. - the wood person), people, aboriginal population JUzh. And Vost. Africa. Are extruded in 16-19 centuries by peoples to a bow in desert areas of Namibia (85 thousand person, 1992), Botswana (35 thousand person), Angola (8 thousand person) and Zimbabwe (1 thousand person). Fall into bushmenskoj to strain. Tongues bushmenskie. Save traditional convictions.
  • BUSHMIN Alexey Sergeevich (1910-83), the Russian literary critic, academician AN the USSR (1979). Books about M.E.Saltykove-ShChedrine, A.A.Fadeeve, on a methodology of literary criticism.
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