Sunday, May 13, 2007

  • EMBALMING, permeating of tissues of a corpse by the substances handicapping their decomposition. In Other. Egypt and other countries of the Orient to an embalming applied balms (from here the title).
  • BALMS (from grech. balsamon - aromatic pitch), natural substances which structure includes essential oils and dissolved pitches into them, aromatic and other connections. Will be derivated primarily in subtropical and macrotherms. Use in medicine, microscopic technique, etc.
  • BALI, in boreal part of medieval France the royal officer, the chapter of judicial - administrative division (baljazha). The position balji is abolished during Great French revolution.
  • BALMASEDA (Balmaceda) Hose Manuel (1840-91), the president of Chile in 1886-91. Opposed expansions of the foreign capital. Has committed suicide in connection with begun against him under the initiative of conservative - clerical circles act of war.
  • BALMER (Balmer) Iogann JAkob (1825-98), Swiss physics and mathematician. The writer of fundamental activities on atomic spectrum analysis. Has placed (1885), that lengths of waves of a visible portion of the spectrum of atom of hydrogen are connected among themselves by simple relation (formula Balmera), permitting to define lengths of waves of all lines of spectral series of hydrogen (series Balmera).
  • BALMER (Balmer) Iogann JAkob (1825-98), Swiss physics and mathematician. The writer of fundamental activities on atomic spectrum analysis. Has placed (1885), that lengths of waves of a visible portion of the spectrum of atom of hydrogen are connected among themselves by simple relation (formula Balmera), permitting to define lengths of waves of all lines of spectral series of hydrogen (series Balmera).
  • BALMONT Konstantin Dmitrievich (1867-1942), the Russian poet - symbolist. In verses - a cult "ƒ", the game of fugacities, opposition "Iron Age" pervozdanno the integrated "solar" beginning; musicality (collections " Burning buildings ", 1900, " we Shall be as the sun ", 1903). Transfers, articles on problems of art. In 1920 has emigrated.
  • BALNEOLOGY (from an armour. balneum - a bath, bathing and... logija), section kurortologii, investigator mineral waters and their treatment-and-prophylactic application.
  • BALNEOTERAPIJA (from an armour. balneum - a bath, bathing and therapy), treatment natural or artificially prepared mineral waters.
  • BALL DANCE (household, salonnyj), is executed on dancing evenings (dancing parties). National headstreams, singleness of performance promoted his distribution (a waltz, a tango, etc.).
  • BALSIS (Balsys) Eduardas (1919-84), the Lithuanian composer, the public figure, the national actor of the USSR (1980). Opera " Traveling to Tilsit " (1979), ballet " Egle - queen of grass - snakes " (1960), cantatas, concerts for a violin with an orchestra. The professor of the Lithuanian conservatory (with 1969).
  • BALTHASAR (Balthasar) Hans Urs a background (1905-88), the Swiss roman catholic seminary student and the philosopher. The opponent of dialectic theology of Charles Barta, the writer of numerous transactionses on patristike, to divinity, a history, ecclesiology, about german spiritual crop, etc. Compositions - " the Apocalypse german showers " (t. 1-3, 1937-39), " the Space liturgy " (1941), " Magnificence. A doctrinal aesthetics " (t. 1-3, 1961-67).
  • BALTAR (Baltard) Victor (1805-74), the French architect, the representative of neo-classicism. For the first time has applied glass-to-metal blankings umbrella type to pavilions of the market " Belly of Paris " (1845-70). Was engaged also in restoral of the Parisian churches.
  • BALTASAR (Baltazar) (psevd. Balagtas, Balagtas) Fransisko (1788-1862), the founder of the Philippine literature (on tagalskom tongue). In a poem " Florante and Laura " (1838), using traditional forms of national poetry, has acted with condemnation of a spanish colonial press.
  • BALTJUS (Balthus; an ice-film. A name and fam. Klossovsky de the Roll, Balthasar) (r. 1908), the French artist. By origin the Pole. One of master masters of magic realism. His painting it is paradoxical combines harmonic balance of compositions " spirit of aged masters " with sensation of a vague alert, erotic motives.
  • BALFUR (Balfour) Arthur James (1848-1930), the prime minister of the Great Britain in 1902-05; the conservator. In 1904 government Balfura has concluded with France the agreement becoming basis Antanty. Repeatedly was part of government, in 1916-19 Minister for Foreign Affairs. The writer of the Declaration (1917) about building the jewish national locus in Palestine.
  • BALTSER, the title Krasnoarmeysk in the Saratov region in 1926-1942.
  • BALTSO (Balczo) Andrash (r. 1938), the Hungarian sportsman. The champion of Olympic Games (1960, 1968, 1972), the world (1963, 1965-67, 1969-70) in the modern pjatiborje (personal and command offsets).
  • BALCHIKONIS (Balcikonis) JUozas (1885-1969), Lithuanian jazykoved, academician AN of Lithuania (1946). Probeed Baltic tongues; one of makers of " the Dictionary of the Lithuanian tongue " (t. 1-15, 1941-62).
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