Sunday, May 27, 2007

  • EVIL SPIRITS Oleg Vladimirovich (r. 1933), the Russian mathematician, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1990). Transactionses on a function theory. The state premium of the USSR (1977).
  • ADACTYLOUS Ivan (?-1718), the hetman of the Ukrainian rebels 1658-59 battling together with Russian troops against the adherent Polish shljahty I.Vygovskogo.
  • NON-FLAME BLASTING, firing method with use of special cartridges (napr., a cardox, erdoks), keeping highly compressed non-flammable or plamegasjashchy gas. It is applied to breaking ground of rocks in shafts, gas-hazardous and a dust.
  • CHARGE-FREE MUSICAL SCHOOL, musical - educational organization (1862-1917). It is based in Saint Petersburg G.J.Lomakinym (its{her} director up to 1868) and M.A.Balakirevym (the director in 1868-1873 and 1881-1908). Afterwards her{it} headed N.A.Rimskij-Korsakov, S.M.Lyapunov.
  • STERILITY, disability of a mature organism to beget. For the person sterile it is considered spoilage at which pregnancy does not occur during 2 flying of sexual life without application of a means of contraception. The causes of a sterility: absence of alive spermatozoons in a seed, anomalies of a structure and inflammatory diseases of sexual organs (napr., an endometritis, an adnexitis), endokrinopatii, etc.
  • INVERTEBRATA, animal, not having a backbone: Protozoa, sponges, Coelenterata, sea-worms, mollusks, arthropods, Echinodermata, etc.; approximately 3/4 kinds{views} of all animal.
  • ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION, the reproduction of organisms defined by absence of sexual process and descending without sharing{participation} of sexual cells. Implements by a schizogony, in the form of a vegetative reproduction, and also with the help of professional educations - spores, etc. The Asexual reproduction routinely alternates with a sexual reproduction.
  • BESPOPOVTSY, one of flows staroobrjadchestva. Deny priests and a number{series} of ordinances. Is present it is a little bit explanatory{sensible} (pomortsy, fedoseevtsy, filippovtsy, netovshchina, etc.).
  • POINTLESS ART, see. The abstract art.
  • BESPROZVANNYJ Israel Moiseevich (1884-1954), Russian metalloved. Transactionses are developmental theories of cutting of metal. Has offered (1951) method of definition of steadfastness of a cutting tool, has placed{installed} rational parameters of the cutting end. The state premium of the USSR (1944).
  • BESSARABIA, historical range between rr. Dnestr and Prut (nowadays a main body of terrain of Moldova and an austral part of the Odessa region). In 10-11 centuries in the Kiev Russia, then in the Galitsko-Volynsk principality. Since 14 century in the Moldavian principality, with nach. 16 century under an authority of Turkey. With 1812 in Russian empire. In 1918-40 in structure of Romania.
  • BESSARABOV Igor Viktorovich (1919-93), the Russian film director, the operator, the national actor of Russia (1982). Has delivered films: " Children of our eyelid " (1972), " the Story about the communist " (1976, together with A.S.Kochetkovym), " the Refractory position to be the revolutionary " (1982), etc. The Lenin premium (1978), the State premium of the USSR (1951).
  • BESSARABOVA Natalia Ivanovna (1895-1981), the Russian artist - keramist. Promoted revitalization gzhelskoj ceramics and skopinskoj ceramics, creating on the basis of traditions ware and a sculpture from porcelain, majolicas, terra-cotta.
  • BESSEL (Bessel) Fridrih Wilhelm (1784-1846), the german astronomer and the geodesist, the foreign honorary member Petersburg AN (1814). Has created the theory and methods of the count tool{instrument} and personal errors at astronomical supervision{observations}, one of first has measured a sidereal paralax (1838), has defined{determined} elements of an earth spheroid which used ok. 100 flying. Probeed the functions called as his{its} name.
  • BESSEL an EQUATION, a special kind{view} a differential equation in which result many physical and technical problems in cylindrical axials. Solutions of a Bessel of an equation call as cylindrical functions, which particular case - cylindrical functionses.
  • The BESSEMER (Bessemer) a Henry (1813-98), the English inventor. Has created (the patent 1856) a converter way of an iron conversion in steel, t. n. An acid Bessemer process.
  • ACID BESSEMER PROCESS, repartition of hot metal (with minor content P and S) in steel without a cart of heat - air flushing (sometimes oxygen-rich) in the vessel. In 2-nd floor. 20 century it is extruded by an oxygen-steelmaking process.
  • BESSER Villibald Gotlibovich (1784-1842), Russian botanik, corresponding member Petersburg AN (1835). The native of Switzerland, with 1809 in Russia. Transactionses on floristics and a taxonomist of plants.
  • FISHING WITHOUT NETS, production of a fish, founded on its{her} reaction to action of different stimuluses: to a current flow, light, chemical reactants (napr., on light in water the fry is going a dense shoal, and her{it} pump out the pompe).
  • BESSLITKOVAJA ROLLING, obtaining of metal rods, tapes or preparations by a charging hot-metal in a spacing between horizontal mill rolls rotated in the miscellaneous parties.
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