Wednesday, May 23, 2007

  • GAJDAR (an ice-film. fam. Besoms) Arcady Petrovich (1904-41), the Russian writer. Products about romanticism of revolutionary extirpation ("RVS", 1926; the autobiographical story "School", 1930; " Military secret ", 1935), about construction of new life, about challenges of moral and civil education (the story " the Light-blue cup ", 1936; the story " Timur and his command ", 1940). Has perished in fight in back of an enemy.
  • GAJDAR Egor Timurovich (r. 1956), the Russian political figure, the doctor of economic sciences. Grandson A.P.Gajdara and P.P.Bazhov. With 1981 on scientific, with 1987 on press activity. With 1990 director of Institute of economic policy of Academy of national economy and AN the USSR. Since November 1991 deputy, with 1992 1-st deputy; in June - December of 1992 acting chairmen of government of the Russian Federation; began practical implementation of a course from reforming of the Russian economy. Since December 1992 director of Institute of economic transitional problems. In September 1993 - January 1994 1-st vice-presidents of government of Russia, Minister of Economics; has retired. Since December 1993 till December 1995 deputy of the State Duma; the leader of a fraction " Selection of Russia ". Since June 1994 chairman of a consignment " Democratic selection of Russia ". The main activities in a control area and economic problems of reform.
  • GAJDEBUROV Paul Aleksandrovich (1841-1893/94), the Russian publicist, the democrat, then the liberal populist. With 1870 member of edition, with 1874 editor - publisher of the newspaper "Week".
  • GAJDEBUROV Paul Pavlovich (1877-1960), the Russian actor, the producer, the teacher, the national actor of Russia (1940). Son P.A.Gajdeburova. On the scene with 1899. The organizer and the chief (together with N.F.Skarskoj) Shared theatre in Saint Petersburg (1903-14), the First movable drama theatre (1905-28) for the working and village spectator. Played and put performances in many cities, including in Leningrad and Moscow. The state premium of the USSR (1952).
  • HAYDN (Haydn) Frants Joseph (1732-1809), the Austrian composer. The representative of the austrian classical school. In Haydn creativity otkristallizovalis classical tool genres (the concordance, a quartet, etc.), forms (including sonatnaja the form), principles of development, there was a classical structure of an orchestra. The latitude of folklore communications is characteristic for Haydn music. 104 concordances, 83 quartets, 52 fortepiannye sonatas, oratorios ("Creation of the world", 1798; "Seasons", 1801), 14 masses, operas, etc.
  • GAJD-PARK (Hajd-park) (Hyde Park), one of the largest parks of the London; a traditional place of political meetings and collections.
  • TRAIL ROPE (from English guide rope, characters. - a guide rope), the tag lengthy chain cable used in aircraft on landing of some kinds of airships, sporting air balloons, stratosphere balloons and substratosphere balloons.
  • GAJDUZEK (Gajdusek) Daniel Karlton (r. 1923), the American doctor, the virologist and an epidemiologist. The founder of the doctrine about sluggish viral infections of the person (disease with the long-lived incubation period reaching a several flying and a primary defeat of central nervous system); probeed their causes, the mechanism of originating and a feature of flow. The Nobel Prize (1976, together with B.Blambergom).
  • GAJDUKI (hajduki) (from veng. hajduk - infantrymen), in 15-19 centuries participants of armed extirpation juzhnoslavjanskih peoples, Moldavians, etc. against turkish conquerors. During russko-turkish war 1877-78 many gajduki together with Russian troops struggled for discharging of Bulgaria.
  • GAJZER (Gaiser) Gerd (1908-76), the german writer. Novels about the last days of 2-nd world war " the voice " (1950) Is hoisted, " Dying fighters " (1953) are noted by mythological tendencies; in the novel " the Last dancing party " (1958) presents the moral account to an economic miracle in Germany.
  • NUT, component part with an internal thread, generatrix with the screw (bolt) a screw pair. Fastening nuts, screwed on a bolt or a skewer, compound a bolted joint. The nut of a feed spindle ministers for the report of translation, napr. To a caliper or a table in rigs.
  • GAJKO (Hajko) Vladimir (r. 1920), Slovak physics, the foreign member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; foreign member AN the USSR with 1982), the academician (1973) and the deputy of the president (1974-89) Czechoslovak AN, the president Slovak AN (1974-89). Transactionses on magnetism and physics of low temperatures. The writer of activities on obtaining and probe of amorphous magnetics.
  • BOX WRENCH, hand-power machine with electrical, air-operated or a hydraulic drive for screwing nuts, screws, bolts.
  • GAJLIT (Gailit) August (1891-1960), the Estonian writer. From 1944 cable cores in Sweden. Subject entertaining, the loose circulation are characteristic for prose with the form, density of population diverse characters; naughty, pritvorno naive, saturated hyperbolas style - the trilogy " you Remember, love washing? " (1951-57), novels, including " Through restless water " (1951), " Glowing heart " (1945), the story " Mors Augusta Gajlita " (1919), collections of short stories.
  • " GAJMANOVA the TOMB ", a tumulus of 4 century up to n. e. About one seconds. Balks on Ukraine, Zaporozhye region. Affluent Scythian burials.
  • GAJMOR (Hajmor) (Highmore) Nataniel (1613-85), the English anatomist and the doctor, the writer of fundamental guidings on anatomy, transactionses on a comparative anatomy. Has described a genyantrum of naze (t. n. gajmorovu a cavity).
  • GENYANTRITIS, inflammation of a mucous membrane, sometimes and osteal walls maxillary (gajmorovoj) axils; often arises as complication of a grippe. Developments: a pain in range of a staggered axil, zalozhennost the conforming half of naze, mucous or purulent discharges from naze.
  • GAJMOROVA the CAVITY (named N.Gajmora) (genyantrum), an adventitious twin nasal cavity in a maxilla.
  • GUYOTS, ploskovershinnye the submerged volcanic mountains, meeting it is solitary or groups. Are most distributed in boreal half Quiet ok. Depth above tops from 200 up to 2000 m.
  • GAJRATI (an ice-film. A name Abdurahim Abdullaev) (1905-76), the Uzbek writer, the national writer of Uzbekistan (1972). Collections of verses and poems " the Voice of freedom " (1927), " Songs of immortality " (1961), " ours Hamza " (1967) reflect life of Uzbekistan. Stories, stories.
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