Wednesday, May 23, 2007

  • GALEAS (niderl. galeas) (galjes), a ship of war comprising in the inventory many countries of Europe in 16-17 centuries. Improved large galera.
  • GALEVI Ieguda (ok. 1075-1141), the jewish poet and the philosopher. From 1109 cable cores in Cordoba. Cheerful verses and religious poems; elegii, epigrammy, riddles.
  • GALEVI (Alevi) (Halevy) Fromantal (1799-1862), the French composer. Products in a genre of major opera. Operas " Æèäîâêà " (" the Daughter of a cardinal bird ", 1835), "Queen of spades" (1850), ballets.
  • GALEVI Ales (1870-1937), the French historian. The main transactionses on the English history 19 - nach. 20 centuries.
  • GALEYEV Albert Abubakirovich (r. 1940), Russian physics, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1992). Transactionses on plasma physics and space physics. The lenin premium (1984).
  • GALEYEV Gajfutdin Salahutdin (r. 1911), the Russian selector, the academician of Russian Academy of Agrarian Sciences (1972), the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1971). The main transactionses on selection and a seed growing of corn. The writer of high-yield hybrids and grades. The lenin premium (1963), the State premium of the USSR (1986).
  • RUBBLES (Halek) Vitezslav (1835-74), the Czech writer. Lyrical collections " Vesper songs " (1858), " In a nature " (1872-74); stories, stories (" In farm and in a hut ", 1871, etc.) about life of the Czech village.
  • GALEN (Galenus) (ok. 130 - ok. 200), drevnerimsky the doctor. In classical transactionses " About parts of a human body " has given the first anatomo-physiological description of an integrated organism. Has entered into medicine vivisektsionnye experiments on animal. Has shown, that anatomy and physiology - the basis of scientific diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis. Has extended submissions of antique medicine by the way the unified doctrine which have rendered major influence on development of natural sciences down to 15-16 centuries Doctrine Galena it is sainted by church and overtopped in medicine within many centuries.
  • GALENA (galena), mineral of a class of sulphides, PbS. Impurity Ag, Se, etc. Lead-coloured crystals and units. Hardness 2-3; firmness of 7,4-7,6 g / sm3. Deposits hydrothermal and metasomatic. The main ore of lead.
  • GALENOVY DRUGS (by name Galena), the pharmaceuticals received from vegetative or raw animal material; from neogalenical drugs differ a smaller purification efficiency from ballast substances. The majority galenovyh drugs represent a mix from several substances. Most the considerable group galenovyh drugs infusions and compound extracts. The term " galenovye drugs " is entered by Paracelsus.
  • GALERA (ital. galera), the wooden rowing public vessel built in 7 century by venetians. Length up to 60 m, width up to 7,5 m, a upsetting of 2 m, one number it is cheerful (up to 32 aboard). Crew with soldiers up to 450 person.
  • GALLERY HOUSES, multistory residential buildings in which for an orifice in a dwelling unit the open passageways located on one party of a body and coherent ladders and lifts minister.
  • GALLERY FORESTS, grow a narrow bandwidth along the rivers, outside of a forest zone. Sample gallery forests - tropical coastal woods in savannahs of Africa and JUzh. America. See also the Riparian forest.
  • PASSAGEWAY (frants. galerie), 1) the lengthy covered accomodation in which one of longitudinal walls is substituted by columns or piles; the lengthy balcony. 2) the Elongated hall with a solid number of major windows in one of longitudinal walls. 3) the Upper storey of auditorium (balcony). 4) the Title of many art museums (National passageway, Picture passageway).
  • GALERY (Galerius) (242-311), Roman emperor with 293. One of main initiators of persuit of christians.
  • GALERKIN Boris Grigorjevich (1871-1945), the Russian engineer and the scientist, academician AN the USSR (1935), the engineer - general-lejtenant (1942). One of creators of a deflection theory of plates. Transactionses on structural mechanics and the elastic theory promoted an introduction of mathematical methods in engineering probes. The state premium of the USSR (1942).
  • GALLERY FLEET, see. Rowing fleet.
  • The DISK BATTERY, some tandem dry cells Leklanshe of a flat sandwiched design ("galettes"). It is used an independent source of electrical power in a communication apparatus, geophysical devices, etc.
  • GALETTES (from frants. galette), the cookies changing bread and capable to save the qualities a long time; has a laminated structure. Distinguish galettes simple (t. n. Biscuit, a biscuit) and adipose (contain 10-18 % of a desi or margarine).
  • PEBBLE, the rock consisting primarily from a clump of shingle with an impurity of gravel and sand.
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