Wednesday, May 23, 2007

  • GELATSKY the MONASTERY, the centre of the Georgian medieval crop, in 11 kms from Kutaisi (Georgia). It is based in nach. 12 century David Stroitelem. In a main temple (1106-25) mosaic (1125-30) with the plotting of the Birth-Giver of God and archangels. In temples Gelatskogo of a monastery of paintings of 12-18 centuries with portraits of historical faces. It is abolished in 1923. In 1990 recovered a monastery and Gelatskaja academy (existed from 1-st quarter of 12 century).
  • HOLDER (Gelder) the Art de (1645-1727), the Netherlands painter, pupil Rembrandta. Wrote portraits, patterns on scenes from the Old Testament, working in style of serotinal creativity of the teacher. Has prolonged tradition of the latter in 18 century.
  • GELENAS (Elen), in the Grecian mythology son Priama and Gekuby, possessing gift of an oracle. Beforehand knew about fall of Troy and has voluntarily come over to on the party of Greeks. After mors Neoptolema has become tsar of his grounds in Epirus and married the widow of brother Hector Andromahe.
  • GELENAS (Gehlen) Arnold (1904-76), the german philosopher, one of osnovatelej philosophical anthropology as special philosophical discipline (" the Person. His nature and a rule in the world ", 1940).
  • GELENDZHIK, city (with 1915) in the Russian Federation, Krasnodar kr., on coast Gelendzhikskoj of a bay of Black m., in 43 kms from zh.-d. An item. Novorossisk. 49,5 thousand inhabitants (1992). A climatic health resort. Flavoring, a building materials, a woodworking industry. A research project institute of geophysical methods of investigation of ocean. An Istoriko-study of local lore museum.
  • GELEPOL (from grech. helein - to take and polis - city), a movable multistory wooden tower. It was applied in an antiquity at osade strengths. Travelled on rollers on a log floor with the help of levers, fighters and propellant machines placed in upper floors.
  • JELLIES (from an armour. gelo - I solidify), disperse systems with a fluid disperse medium in which particles of a dispersed phase will derivate spatial structure (grid). Have some attributes of solids: ability to hold its shape, toughness, a plasticity. Sample jellies will be derivated, napr., at a sticking of particles of sols also look like gelatinous precipitates. Drying of jellies receive the brittle microporous bodies called as aerogels (silica gel, aluminogel).
  • GELIADY, in the Grecian mythology of daughter Geliosa, the sister of the Phaeton which gods turned into poplars. Leaves of these trees sadly rustle, wailing over death of the Phaeton. Teardrops Geliad fallen in Eridanum, become amber.
  • GELIANTIN, the same, that methylic orange.
  • HELIUM (an armour. Helium), Not, the chemical element of VIII group of a periodic system, atomic number 2, atomic weight 4,002602, falls into to rare gases; without colour and an odor, firmness 0,178 g/l. Known gases (are liquefied most difficultly at-268,93 °S); the unique substance which does not harden at a safe pressure, is as though penetrating it chilled. Liquid helium - the quantum liquid having a superfluidity is lower 2,17 To (-270,98 °S). In a small amount helium is contained in air and earth crust where he will permanently be derivated at disintegration of uranium and other? Radioelements (? Particles are nucleus of atoms of helium). Helium in the Universe, napr is considerably more distributed., on the Sun where he for the first time has been open (from here the title: from grech. helios - the Sun). Receive helium from natural gases. Apply in cryogenic engineering, to building inert mediums, in an aeronautics (for fillup of stratosphere balloons, air balloons, etc.).
  • HELICOID (from grech. helix - a spiral and eidos - a kind), one of kinds of a helical surface.
  • HELICON, 1) a musical instrument, a version bass and kontrabasovoj tubas. It is constructed in Russia in 1-st floor. 19 century. It is applied primarily in duhovyh orchestras. 2) the Low frequency electromagnetic wave originating and extending in metals and semiconductors, placed at a permanent magnetic field.
  • HELICON, mountain in Greece where, according to the Grecian myths, muses patronizing arts dwelt. On Helicon there was a source of inspiration Gippokrena.
  • GELIKOPTER (from grech. helix - a spiral, the screw and pteron - a wing), the title of the helicopter adopted abroad.
  • GELIO... (from grech. helios - the Sun), the part of the composite words meaning: relating the sun, sun rays, solar energy (napr., a heliograph).
  • GELIOBIOLOGIJA (from gelio... And biology), the section of biophysics investigator influence of changes of activity of the Sun on earth organisms. One of founders geliobiologii - A.L.Chizhevsky.
  • HELIOGRAPH (from gelio... And... Columns), 1) the device for an automatic logging of duration of solar glowing within day i.e. when the Sun is not closed by clouds. 2) the Telescope, fitted for photography of the Sun.
  • GELIODOR, a mineral, a diaphanous yellow version of beryl. A gemstone of 2-nd class.
  • GELIODOR (3 or 4 century n. e.), the ancient greek writer, writer "Efiopiki" - one of main samples of the antique novel. The Ljubovno-risky scene bridged to religious - philosophical motives. Has influenced the Western-European "gallant" literature of 17-18 centuries.
  • GELIOKONTSENTRATOR, the device for increase in 102 - 104 times of firmness of power of a sunshine. A main body geliokontsentratora - one or several mirrors or the lenss collecting (focalizing) sun rays. It is used in helio - installations.
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