Thursday, May 24, 2007

  • GEOMECHANICS (rock mechanics), the science investigator physical-mechanical properties of breeds, their state of stress, processes of deforming and the destructions descending under influence natural and technology factors.
  • GEOMORPHOLOGICAL MAPS, map a landform, his origin, age, forms and their dimensions. Distinguish general geomorphological maps of the broad content and private, amounted on separate attributes of a relief.
  • GEOMORPHOLOGY (from geo... And structural botany), science about a relief of a dry matter, a bottom of oceans and seas. Studies external appearance, an origin, age of a relief, a history of development, the modern dynamics and regularities of distribution. Data of geomorphology are used by searches of deposits of mineral wealths, a highway design and structures. Occurrence of geomorphology as do-it-yourself range of knowledge falls into kon. 19 - nach. 20 centuries when two do-it-yourself schools were issued: American in the chapter from U.M.Dejvisom and european (primarily german) which representatives were A.Penk, V.Penk. The fundamentals of geomorphology in Russia have put in pawn P.A.Kropotkin, I.V.Mushketov, I.S.Schukin, J.S.Edelshtejn, K.K.Markov, etc.
  • The GEOPESTS (geomoroi), in Other. Greeces landowners.
  • The GEOPOLITICS, politologicheskaja the concept according to which policy of the states, basically external, is predetermined by geographical factors (a rule of country, natural resources, a climate, etc.). Has arisen in kon. 19 - nach. 20 centuries (F.Rattsel, Germany; A.Mehen, the USA; H.Makkinder, the Great Britain; R.Chellen, Sweden). It was used for justifying external expansion, especially german fascism. The term "geopolitics" is used also for notation of fixed influence of geographical factors (terrain of a rule, etc.) on foreign policy of the states (the geopolitical strategy, etc.).
  • GEORGE I (George) (1660-1727), the English king with 1714, first from the Hanover dynasty. Kurfjurst Hanover with 1698.
  • GEORGE I (1845-1913), king of Greece with 1863, from dynasty Gljuksburgov. Achieved building of " Great Greece " at the expense of apposition of terrains of neighbouring states.
  • GEORGE II (1683-1760), the English king with 1727, from the Hanover dynasty.
  • GEORGE III (1738-1820), the English king with 1760, from the Hanover dynasty. One of inspirers of the English colonial policy and extirpation with rising North American colonys. Participat in organization of the antiFrench coalition. In 1811 at George III (mental falling ill) it is appointed regentstvo prince Welsh (with 1820 George IV).
  • GEORGE IV (1762-1830), the English king with 1820; in 1811-20 prince - cantor, from the Hanover dynasty. The active adherent of the Sacred union.
  • GEORGE V (1865-1936), the English king with 1910, from Saksen-Koburg-Gotskoj (with 1917 Comb back) dynasties.
  • GEORGE VI (1895-1952), the English king with 1936, from the Comb back dynasty.
  • GEORGE GROUND, an island in arh. Franz Josef land, in structure of the Russian Federation. Ok. 2,7 thousand êì2. An altitude up to 416 m.
  • GEORGE - GEORGIU-DEZH (Gheorghe-Gheorghiu-Dej), the title of. Oneshti in Romania in 1956-90.
  • GEORGI Ivan Ivanovich (Iogann Gotlib) (1729-1802), the Russian traveller, the ethnographer, the naturalist, the academician Petersburg AN (1783). By origin the German. Probeed an eskar. Baikal. The writer first extending transactionses about peoples of Russia (1776-77). By name Georges the flower of a dahlia is called.
  • GEORGIEV Vladimir (1908-86), Bulgarian jazykoved. Transactionses on general and indoevropejskomu to linguistics.
  • GEORGIEV George Pavlovich (r. 1933), the Russian biochemist, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; academician AN the USSR with 1987). Has discovered in nucleus of cells animal nuclear RNK from which it will be derivated template-RNA (1961), has found in them informosomes and has placed their structure (1965-70). Has found in zooblasts and probeed mobile genetic elements (with 1977). The lenin premium (1976), the State premium of the USSR (1983).
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