Wednesday, May 23, 2007

  • HAMLET (Hamlet), the hero of like tragedy of U.Shakespeare. One of perpetually modes: the name Hamlet has become the characteristics of the person, executed internal contraventions and doubts. Depending on a concrete public situation the concept "gamletizm" was charged with the different content - from lack of will up to goal-seeking determination.
  • GAMMA (??), the third character of the Grecian alphabet.
  • GAMMA, in music - zvukorjad - a following of all notes lada, located from a fundamental component in the bottom-up or degressive order; has volume of an octave, but can be prolonged in adjacent octaves. See also the Chromatic gamma.
  • GAMMA (it is meant?), 1) a hundred-thousandth lobe of oersted, 1? = 10-5 E. 2) rarely used submultiple mass unit, 1? = 10-9 kg, call as a microgram (mkg) more often.
  • GAMMA INKING (a gamma colour), a number of harmonically interdependent hues used at building of pieces of art (distinguish a warm, cool, light inking gamma).
  • GAMMA - ASTRONOMY, one of directions of the extra-terrestrial astronomy, investigator space bodies on their gamma-ray.
  • GAMMA-GLOBULIN, in medicine - a fraction of proteins of a blood plasma (the person or animal), keeping antibacterial and antiviral anti-bodies. It is applied with the medical and prophylactic purpose.
  • The GAMMA-FLAW DETECTION, is based on measurement of gamma absorption. By activity biological protection is necessary.
  • GAMMA-RAY (? Radiance), short-wave electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength <10-8 sm, originating at disintegration of radioactive nucleus and fundamental particles, interaction of fast charged particles with substance (see. Bremsstrahlung), an annihilation electronic - positron fallow, etc.
  • GAMMA-RAY LOGGING, study natural? Radiances of rocks in bucket wells for detection of radioactive ores, lithologic a partition of a section, etc.
  • GAMMA QUANTUM, photon of major power. Gamma quantum arise, napr., at quantum transitions in atomic kernels, metamorphosises of fundamental particles, etc.
  • GAMMA-RAY SPECTROMETER, gauge meter of power of a gamma-ray.
  • GAMMA SPECTROSCOPY, kind of nuclear spectroscopy.
  • GAMMA - FILMING, measurement of intensity natural? Radiances of rocks for searches of deposits of radioactive ores, ores of non-ferrous metals and a geologic mapping.
  • GAMMA THERAPY, medical application of a gamma-ray; a kind of radial therapy.
  • GAMMA-FUNCTION, G - function, G (x), one of the major higher transcendental functions, extending concept of factorial on an event of any values x.
  • GAMMER-PURGSHTAL (Hammer - Purgshtal) (Hammer-Purgstall) Joseph a background (1774-1856), the Austrian orientalist and the diplomat, the foreign honorary member Petersburg AN (1823). In 1799-1807 on the Austrian diplomatic service in Turkey. In 1847-49 president Austrian AN. The main transactionses on a history of Ottoman empire.
  • GAMMET (Hammett) (Hammett) Luis Plak (1894-1987), American fizikohimik. Transactionses on a physical organic chemistry. Has entered (1932) concept about an acidity function, has shown its communication with speed of acid-base reactions. Has placed a correlation ratio between kinetic parameters of reaction and structure of organic compounds (equation Gammeta).
  • DINS (Gamow) George Antonovich (George) (1904-68), the American physics - theorist, corresponding member AN the USSR (1932). Was born in Russia, with 1933 abroad, with 1934 in the USA. Has developed the theory of an alpha-decay. Has made a hypothesis " the hot Universe ". Has made the first calculation of a genetic code.
  • GAMREKELI Irakly Illarionovich (1894-1943), the Georgian theatrical artist, the honored worker of arts of Georgia (1934). Registration of performances at Theatre him. Rustaveli in Tbilisi ("Hamlet", 1925, "Otello", 1937, U.Shakespeare, etc.).
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