Wednesday, May 23, 2007

  • HARRISON (Harrison) Ross Grenvill (1870-1959), the American biologist. Transactionses on an experimental embryology. Conducted probes on a transplantation of tissues of germs of vertebrates. Studied regularities of growth and development of separate tissues and organs animal (extremities, eyes, central nervous system). Has offered a method of cultivation of isolated tissues and for the first time supervised (1907) growth of a nerve fibre outside of an organism. Has put in pawn a fundamentals of the modern theory of growth of nerves.
  • HARRISON William Genri (1773-1841), 9-th president the USA (March - April 1841), from a consignment vigov. The general, one of commanders of the American army in Anglo-American war 1812-14.
  • HARRISON (Garrison) William Lloyd (1805-79), the American political figure, the publicist, the poet, the abolitionist. The founder of the American society of extirpation with servitude (1833-70). The collection " Sonatas and other poems " (1843).
  • GARSIJA (Garcia), family of spanish musicians: 1) Manuel del Popolo Visente (1775-1832), the singer (tenor), the guitar player, the composer. Chanted at theatres of Paris and the London. Went on tour in the USA with dochermi Maria and the Polynoy (have become famous as singer Malibran and Viardo-Garsija later), son Manuelem. The founder of school of singing in Paris. Comic operas, tonadilji. 2) His son - Manuel Patrisio Rodriguez (1805-1906), the singer (bass). Has invented a laryngoscope (1855). Theoretical activities on art of singing. The professor of the Parisian conservatory, Royal academy of music in the London.
  • GARSIJA LORCA (Garcia Lorca), Federiko (1898-1936), the spanish poet. In lyrics - renovation in the poetic space 20 century, folklorno-mythological attitudes; motives of majesty and tragical hopelessness of love, perpetually indivisibility of life and mors (collections " Gipsy romansero ", 1928, " the Poem about a cant hondo ", 1931); a sharpness of crash with mertvjashche a urbanistic civilization (the collection " the Poet in New York ", it is published 1940). A heroic drama "Maryanna Pineda" (1925), tragedies " Bloody wedding " (1933), "Ierma" (1934), a drama " Dwelling Bernardy Albian stages " (1935, it is published 1945). Rasstreljan fascists.
  • GARSIJA MARQUEZ (Garcia Marguez) Gabriel (r. 1928), the Colombian writer. Social-political stories " nobody writes to the Colonel " (1958) and the novel " Bad hour " (1962), the antityrannical grotesque novel " Autumn of the patriarch " (1975), the novel " the Chronicle of the declared mors " (1981), " Love during a plague " (1985), stories. In a novel - epopee " Hundred flying of loneliness " (1967), using folklorno-mythological motives and parodying miscellaneous art traditions, was created with the phantasmagoric world, which history refracting substantial historical features of Columbia and all Latin America, osmysljaetsja and as a metaphor of development of mankind as a whole. The Nobel Prize (1982).
  • GARSIJA it is FUMED (Garcia Moreno) Gabriel (1821-75), the president of Ecuador in 1861-1865, with 1869 dictator, has placed a theocratical mode. It is killed as a result of a plot.
  • The WAITER (frants. garcon, characters. - the boy), in France - the waiter in restaurant or cafe.
  • REGULUS METAL (from a nem. Hartblei, characters. - hard lead), the same, that type-metal alloys.
  • REGULUS METAL (Heart) (Harte) Frensis Bret (Bret Regulus metal) (1836-1902), the American writer. Neo-romantic short stories about California (collections: " Happiness of the bellowing station ", 1870, " Stories about argonauts ", 1875), novels (" Gabriel Konroj ", 1875-76) about gold diggers, about bravery of people, resisted a society, and about an enthralling authority of gold. Prosaic parodies; verses.
  • GARTLEBEN ABOUT. Ý., see Hartleben O.E.
  • GARTLI (Hartli) (Hartley) Dejvid (1705-1757), the English philosopher and the doctor. One of founders of the associative psychology; association considered as a generalpurpose principle of argument of mental activity.
  • GARTMAN Victor Aleksandrovich (1834-73), the Russian architect. One of founders of " Russian style " in the architecture. Studed buildings with the patterns borrowed from national embroidery patterns and a wooden thread ("studio" in Abramtzevo, 1872).
  • GARTMAN (Hartmann) Iogannes Frants (1865-1936), german optician and the astronomer. Has discovered (1904) existence of interstellar gas, having found a fixed line of absorption of an ion of a calcium in a spectrum of a double star Delta of Orion. Has invented some astronomical instruments, including diaphragm Gartmana for probe of quality of lenses.
  • GARTMAN Lion Nikolaevich (1850-1908), the revolutionary populist. The participant " boatings in people ", the member " the Earth and will ", " National will ", the participant of attempts at Alexander II. In 1880-81 representative of " National will " abroad.
  • GARTMAN (Hartman) (Hartmann) Nikolay (1882-1950), the german philosopher, the founder t. n. A critical ontology. Has advanced the objective - idealistic doctrine about a laminated structure of life. Developed the theory of invariable ethical values.
  • GARTMAN BACKGROUND AUE (Hartmann von Aue) (ok. 1168 - after 1210), the german poet - minnezinger. Poetic eposes "Erek" (ok. 1185) and "Ivejn" (after 1200; see. Arturovskie legends); the poetic story " Poor Genrih " (ok. 1195).
  • GARTMAN Edward (1842-1906), the german philosopher, the adherent panpsihizma. As the basis real considered the absolute unconscious spiritual beginning - world will (" Philosophy unconscious "). In ethics after A.Schopenhauer worked out a concept pessimism.
  • GARTMANA INCIDENT 1880, is called by the circulation of the Russian government to France with a request to give narodovoltsa L.N.Gartmana. As a result of the protests of european sociability preformed with the participation of Russian revolutionary emigration, the French government refused and has sent Gartmana to the Great Britain. Incident has temporarily worsened the Russian-French attitudes.
  • GARTNYJ Tishka (an ice-film. A name and fam. Dmitry Fedorovich Zhilunovich) (1887-1937), the Byelorussian writer, the public figure. In 1919 headed cîâåòñêîå government of Belarus. Roman " Juices of a virgin soil " (1914-29) about formation of revolutionary consciousness of Byelorussian people. Stories, plays, verses. It is repressed; it is rehabilitated posthumously.
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