Wednesday, May 23, 2007

  • The HEIDELBERG PERSON, the fossil person, close to pithecanthropes. In 1907 the mandible of the Heidelberg person in Mauere, bliz Heidelberg (Germany) is retrieved. An antiquity ok. 400 thousand flying.
  • GEJDEN Peter Aleksandrovich (1840-1907), columns, the businessman, zemsky the figure, one of leaders oktjabristov (1905) and mirnoobnovlentsev (1906). With 1895 president of the Free economic society.
  • GEJDENGAJN (Hajdenhajn) (Heidenhain), german scientists, father and the son: 1) Rudolf Peter Genrih (1834-97), the physiologist and the histologist. The main transactionses on physiology of a metabolism, secretion and an absorption, a histology of kidneys and a stomach, a heat balance of an organism. 2) Martin (1864-1949), the histologist. Has found microcentrums in reposing cells with the help designed him of a method of colour. Has described a structure skeleton and cordial muscles.
  • GEJDRIH (Heydrich) Rejnhard (1904-42), the chief of political police of Germany (with 1936). With 1941, acting " an imperial tread of Bohemia and Moravia ", has organized a mass destruction of the nonpredatory population of Czechoslovakia. It is killed by participants of Resistance.
  • GEJER (Geyer) Florian (ok. 1490-1525), the german knight, one of leaders of Country war 1524-26. It is killed at rout of revolt in Franconia.
  • GEJER (Geijer) Eric Gustav (1783-1847), the Swedish historian, the poet, the composer. The chapter Swedish romantikov. Geroiziroval prefeudal past Scandinavia ("Viking", " the Free peasant "). Has emited " Aged Swedish national songs " (1814-16, together with A.Aftseliusom), " the History of Swedish people " (1832-36).
  • GEJZE Ï., see Hejze Item.
  • HEISENBERG (Hajzenberg) (Heisenberg) the Werner (1901-76), the german physics - theorist, one of creators of a quantum mechanics. Has offered (1925) template version of a quantum mechanics; has formulated (1927) principle of indeterminacy; has entered the concept of a scattering matrix (1943). Transactionses on structure of an atomic kernel, a relativistic quantum mechanics, a unified field theory, the theory of a ferromagnetism, philosophy of natural sciences. The Nobel Prize (1932).
  • GEYSER (isl. geysir, from geysa - to rush), the source periodically ejecting a spout of hot water and fallow up to an altitude of 20-40 m and more. A geyser - one of developments of serotinal stages of volcanism. The USA are known in Iceland, for New Zealand, the Russian Federation (on Kamchatka).
  • GEJZERIH (Geiserich) (? - 477), king of vandals in 428-477.
  • GEJLINKS (Geulincx) Arnold (1624-69), the Netherlands philosopher, one of main representatives of a nonce word. Proved impossibility of an intercoupling showers and bodies, assimilating to their two hours which course is initially agreed by the god.
  • The GAY - LJUSSAK (Gay-Lussac) ZHozef Lui (1778-1850), the French chemist and physics, the foreign honorary member Petersburg AN (1829). Has discovered the gas laws called as his name. Has discovered a milletgrass (1808, together with L.Tenarom). Has received (1811) waterless formonitrile and probeed (1815) its quantitative structure, has discovered (1815) oxalonitrile. Has constructed the first solubility diagrams (1819). Has improved methods of an element and volumetric chemical analysis, the "know-how" of sulfuric acid (Gay-Lussac tower). Together with M.Shevrelem has received (1825) patent for manufacturing stearinic svechej.
  • The GAY - LJUSSAKA LAWS, 1) the law of thermal expansion of gases: volume V of the given mass of ideal gas at permanent pressure linearly will increase with temperature: Vt = Vo (1 +? t), where Vo and Vt - accordingly initial volume of gas and at the temperature of t? - isobaric coefficient of thermal expansion. 2) Law of combining volumes: at permanent pressure and temperature volumes of gases reacting one another, and also volumes of light-end products of reaction concern as small integers. Napr., in reaction Í2 + Ñl2 = 2ÍÑl attitude of volumes of gases equally 1:1:2. It is fair only for ideal gas. Z.L.Gej-Ljussakom accordingly in 1802 and 1808 is established.
  • GAME (Hejm) (Heim) Albert (1849-1937), the Swiss geologist. Foreign honorary member AN the USSR (1925). The main transactionses on a tectonics of the Alpes, glaciology. Developed the contraction hypothesis distributed in 19 century.
  • GAME (Heym) George (1887-1912), the german poet. One of the brightest representatives ekspressionizma. Collections of verses " Perpetually day " (1911), " Umbra vitae " (1912); short stories. Has perished as a result of an accident.
  • GEJMANS Ê., see Hejmans To.
  • HEINE (Heine) Genrih (1797-1856), the german poet and the publicist. With 1831 in emigration in Paris. Romantic irony suffering affliction from imperfection and humdrum of life of the hero, sarcasm and lyricism, an impudent call of self-satisfied profanity in " the Book of songs " (1827), proniknutoj national - melodic stihiej, and collection "Romasero" (1851) where scepticism and notes of despair do not suppress bravery of opposition to destiny (about 1848 Heines is confined to bed). Venomous political verses (including poems " Atta the Troll ", 1843, and " Germany. A winter fairy tale ", 1844), convicting modern feodalno-monarchic and Philistine Germany. The same themes and motives in prosaic " Travelling patterns " - the witty review of a state of the art of Germany and Europe (a part 1-4, 1826-31), in publicistic esseistskih books " Romantic school " (1833), " To a history of religion and philosophy in Germany " (1834; influence of ideas of Utopian socialism), etc.
  • HEINE - VAGNERE (Geine-Vagnere) ZHermena (r. 1923), the Latvian singer (soprano), the national actress of the USSR (1969). In 1950-75 at the Latvian theatre of opera and ballet.
  • GEJNZE (Heinze) Wilhelm (1746-1803), the german writer. The representative of romanticism. The writer of a novel - Utopia " Ardingello, or Islands of beatas " (1787), the novel (being and the tutorial of chess) " Anastasy and the checkrow game " (1803).
  • GEJNS Vladimir Konstantinovich (1839-88), the Russian public figure. In 1860th the member " the Earth and will ", the captain of the General Staff. With 1868 in emigration (psevd. William Frej). In the USA the participant of the American socialist motion has organized Russian agricultural commune. Has created " religion of mankind ", close tolstovstvu.
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