Thursday, May 24, 2007

  • HERMES, in the Grecian mythology son Zevsa, the bulletin of Olympic gods, the promoter of shepherds and travellers, the god of trade and the profit. To him there corresponds a Roman Mercury.
  • GERMETIZM (ital. poesia ermetica - hermetic poetry), a direction in italian poetry 20-40-Õ of 20 century (E.Montale, Dzh. Ungaretti). Main installation - maximum detection of symbolical capabilities of the poetic word, including by means of the complicated analogies, associations and a rhythm; thus the word or a poetic fragment is given outside of logic it logic and rhetorical communications and signs of a reality. Will orient by depths of the subjective world of the person.
  • GERMETIZM, religious - philosophical flow of epoch ellinizma, combining elements of popular Grecian philosophy, a chaldaic astrology, the persian magic, egyptian alchemy. It is submitted by the considerable figure of the compositions, assigned to Hermes Trismegistu (t. n. " The hermetic body ", 2-3 centuries). In expansion sense - a complex of occult sciences (magic, an astrology, alchemy). The tradition germetizma has received prolongation in the european Renaissance (M.Fichino, Dzh. Piko della Mirandola), for K.Agrippy, Paracelsus, has influenced on Dzh. Bruno and I.Njutona.
  • SEALERS, compositions on the basis of polymers (primarily polysulphide or silicone fluid rubbers) which put on bolt, riveted or other connections with the purpose of maintenance of their tightness. Are applied in avia-and shipbuilding, construction, a chemical and radio electronic industry. Are used also for manufacturing casts and castings in zuboproteznoj to technique and criminalistics.
  • GERMIONA, in the Grecian mythology the daughter of Menelaus and Elena. During taking Troy it has been promised Neoptolemu. It agrees poslegomerovskim to myths, before it has been engaged with Orestom which, aspiring to select her for Neoptolema, has coaxed delfijtsev to kill its groom. Under other legend, Germiona was wife Oresta whom has stolen Neoptolem, killed afterwards Orestom in Delfah.
  • GERMOGEN (ok. 1530-1612), the Russian patriarch in 1606-12. Since December 1610 dispatched on cities of the letter with call-up to national revolt against intervention of Speech Pospolitoj. Has been encased by interventionists in CHudov a monastery where has died of famine. It is sainted by Russian orthodox church.
  • GERMONASSA, antique city (6 century up to n. e.-4 century n. e.) on Tamanskom p-ove (sovr. Village Tamanskaja). Residues of home units, a necropolis. Medieval Tmutarakan.
  • GERMSIR (Deshtestan), a strip of coastal arid plains (length over 1000 kms, width up to 80 kms) for austral foots of mountains Zagros mountains and Mekran in Iran and Pakistan.
  • GERNGUTERY, Protestant sect posledovatelej the Czech brothers. From saxony city Gerngut (Herrnhut) in 18-19 centuries it was distributed in Germany, the Sowing. To America, Latvia and Estonia.
  • GERNET Michael Nikolaevich (1874-1953), the Russian lawyer, the honored worker of science of Russia (1928). Capital transactionses " the History of imperial prison " (t. 1-5, 1951-56). The state premium of the USSR (1947).
  • GUERNICA (Guernica), city in Spain, in and. Region Basque Provinces. 15 thousand inhabitants (1970). A machine industry, weapon manufacture. In 1937 eroded by bombing of the German aircraft.
  • GUERNSEY (Guernsey), an island in La Manche, in structure of Norman islands; terrain of the Great Britain. 63 êì2. 55,5 thousand inhabitants (1986). A gardening, cattle breeding. City - Sent-Piter-Port.
  • GERO AND LEANDR, heroes of an ancient greek legend, the young man from Abydos on Trojan coast and girl - priestess of the Aphrodite in Seste (on counter coast). To meet every day, Leandr crossed Hellespont, and Gero fireed on a tower in Seste a beacon. Once during a storm the wind has reset fire of a beacon and the young man has perished. Gero, finding out a corpse beloved, in despair has committed suicide, having rushed at-sea. History Gero and Leandra - a crowded scene in antique and novoevropejskoj poetry and art.
  • GERODIAN (ok. 170 - ok. 240), the Roman historian, the Greek by origin, the writer of transactionses on a Roman history 180-238.
  • GERODOT (between 490 and 480 - ok. 425 up to n. e.), the ancient greek historian nicknamed " the father of a history ". The writer of the compositions dedicated the description of the greko-persian wars with an exposition of a history of the state Ahemenidov, Egypt, etc.; has given the first regular description of life and a household activities of skiffs.
  • The HERO of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION, in Russia about 1992 title of honour, a mark of special difference; it is appropriated for merits before the state and people, the bound with committing a heroic exploit. " The golden Aster " and the letter about appropriation of a rank are handed to the hero of the Russian Federation a medal.
  • The HERO of the SOVIET UNION, in 1934-91 title of honour, the maximum degree of difference for merits before the Soviet state and a society, the bound with committing a heroic exploit. Order Lenina, a medal " the Golden Aster " and the letter of Presidium VS of the USSR were handed to heroes of Soviet Union.
  • The HERO SOCIALIST TRANSACTIONSES, in the USSR with 1938-91 title of honour, the maximum degree of difference. Socialist Transactionses order Lenina, a medal " the Sickle and the Tup " and the letter of Presidium VS of the USSR were handed to heroes.
  • The HERO of TRANSACTIONSES, in the USSR about 1927-38 title of honour assigned for special merits in range of manufacture, scientific activity, a state or public service, at a length of service as the worker or the employee, as a rule, not less than 35 flying.
  • The HERALD (a nem. Herold, from compare - eyelids. An armour. heraldus), in Zap. To Europe in Middle Ages the mouthpiece, the master of ceremony at yards of kings and large feudal lords, the manager on celebrations, knightly tournaments, etc.
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