Thursday, May 24, 2007

  • HYBRID JET ENGINE, the chemical jet engine working on t. n. Hybrid fuel (routinely solid combustible and a fluid oxidant). Experimental samples with maximum traction in some tens kN are built.
  • HYBRIDOMA (from a hybrid and grech.-oma - a tumour), the cell-like hybrid received by interflow of a normal cell (napr., an immune lymphocyte) with tumoral. Has ability to synthesis of specific protein, napr., anti-bodies (property of a normal cell), and to unlimited growth (property of the tumor cell). Monoclones synthesized by a hybridoma apply in many ranges of biology and medicine. Activities on obtaining the hybridomas producing other proteins - blood-coagulation factors, hormones, etc. are conducted.
  • The GIBSON (Gibson) James (1904-79), the American psychologist, the creator t. n. " Ecological opticians ", rendered major influence on the modern psychology of perception.
  • The GIBSON (Gibson) the Chalk (r. 1956), the American and australian film actor. Lives in Australia. Has acquired popularity, having played in a series of films " Mad Maks " Dzh. Miller (1979-85). It was taken out in films of action " Fatal weapons ", " the Orange dawn ", etc. In 1996 has received the premium "Oscar" as the producer of the historical insurgent " Brave heart ".
  • The GIBSON (Gibson) Edward (r. 1936), an astronaut the USA, the doctor of sciences. Flight on "Apollo" and orbital station " Ñêàéëýá " (November 1973 - February 1974).
  • The GIBSON DESERT (Gibson Desert), in the west Australia. Of 300-500 m (separate blocks up to 762 ì), coated with a fruticose acacia (mulga) and a cereal spinifeks prevail shchebnistye a plateau an altitude. A rainfall up to 250 mm annually. Cattle breeding.
  • GIGANTISM, the abnormal growth of the person or animal, superior the characteristic norm for a kind. It is invoked by violation of activity of hemadens (primarily a hypophysis, peltate and sex glands). At the partial gigantism pins, paintbrushes, autopodiums, a skull (see enlarged. An acromegalia).
  • GIGANTY Melitinsky (mind. 298), one of thirty three Christian martyrs - soldiers damaged in the Melitin in persecution of emperor Diokletiana. Memory in the Orthodox church on November, 7 (20).
  • GIGANTOPITEK (from grech. gigas, a stem. Item gigantos - the giant, the jumbo and pithekos - the monkey), a stem of extinct large anthropoids. Existed in midpoint antropogenovogo the season. Residues gigantopiteka (maxillas, tooths) are retrieved in JUgo-Vost. Asia.
  • JUMBOES, in the Grecian mythology the monstrous giants born by the goddess of ground Geej from a dropping of blood of the god of the root of Uranus. Have rebelled against Olympic gods, have been defeated by them with help Gerakla and grounds are overthrown into the depth. Battle of gods with Jumboes (gigantomahija) is figured on a frieze of altar Zevsa to Pergamum (remains deposited in Antique collection in Berlin).
  • JUMBOES (asters - jumboes), asters of the major dimensions (10-1000 R? - radiuses of the Sun), high luminosities (100-1000 L?). Have small medium-density (10-2-10-4 kg / m3). Some jumboes have intensive expiration of substance from a surface.
  • HYGIENE (from grech. hygieinos - able-bodied), the range of medicine investigator influence of living conditions and transactionses on health of the person and developing measures of prophylaxis of diseases, maintenance of optimum conditions of existence, a health maintenance and extension of life. Falls into to the most ancient branches of medical knowledge. Scientific hygiene develops about 2-nd floor. 19 century. For study of a sanitary condition of an environment and its influence on an organism of the person hygiene uses physical, chemical, physiological, toxicological and other methods. Hygiene actuates a number of do-it-yourself sections (communal hygiene, a working hygiene, hygiene of children and adolescents, nutrition hygiene, military hygiene, a physics health, etc.).
  • HYGIENE MUNICIPAL, the section of the hygiene investigator influence on an organism natural and social factors in conditions of inhabited places both developing hygienic specifications and a public health measure for building of optimum conditions of residing. Actuates hygiene of air, water and water supply, soil, home units, etc.
  • NUTRITION HYGIENE, the section of hygiene investigator influence on an organism of nutrient budgets with the different content of nutrients; requirements of an organism for their quantity and an optimal ratio depending on labour conditions and household activities; measures of prophylaxis of nutritional diseases.
  • HYGIENE SOCIAL, see. Social hygiene.
  • WORKING HYGIENE, the section of hygiene investigator a labour human activity and a working environment from the point of view of their possible influence on an organism, developing measures and hygienic specifications, directed on environmental sanitation of labour conditions and the warning of occupational diseases.
  • WORKING HYGIENE AND OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES the INSTITUTE Russian AMN, is based in 1923, in 1944-91 in system AMN of the USSR, Moscow. Probes of the scientific bases of a working hygiene and a professional pathology.
  • GIGIEJA, in the Grecian mythology the goddess of health, daughter Asklepija. From here the word "hygiene".
  • GIGRO... (from grech. hygros - the wet), the part of the composite words meaning: relating a moisture, humidity (napr., a hygrometer).
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