Thursday, May 10, 2007

  • LITHIUM (an armour. Lithium), Li, chemical element I of group of a periodic system, atomic number 3, atomic weight 6,941, falls into to alkali metals. The title from grech. lithos - a stone (it is open in a mineral petalite). Seribristo-white, most mild of metals; firmness of 0,533 g / sm3, tïëîùàäü 180,5 °S. It is chemical very awake, it is oxidized at routine temperature; reacts with nitrogen, derivating nitride Li3N. Minerals - spodumen, lepidolit, etc. Isotope Li - a unique industrial source for manufacture of hyzone. Lithium doping and use for a reduction, updatings of alloys (napr., Aeronum, sklerona), as the heat - carrier in nuclear reactors, a component of alloys on basis Mg and Al, the anode in chemical current sources; some connections of lithium are part some the flexible lubrications, special glasses, heat-resistant ceramics, are used in medicine.
  • ORGANO-LITHIUM COMPOUNDS, contain in a molecule atom of lithium, directly the bound with atom of carbon. Are applied as polymerization catalysts (butyllithium C4H9Li, etc.) at obtaining divinyl and isoprene rubbers, in organic synthesis.
  • LITHIUM (from grech. lite - the request, a praying), 1) the solemnity in christianity, burial-service of a body died at an offset from a house, during a funeral procession and on a tomb. 2) Brief church service in the frame ledge of a Christian temple.
  • LITHIUM OXYHYDROXIDE, LiOH, a strong base (alkali). Colourless crystals. We shall well dissolve in water. Apply: in alkaline accumulators, for obtaining lubrications; connections of lithium, as absorbant CO2 in breathing masks, submersibles, airplanes and spacecrafts.
  • "LITKE", the Soviet starling. See "Feodor Litke".
  • LITKE Feodor Petrovich (1797-1882), the Russian seafarer and the geographer, corresponding member (1829), the honorary member (1855) and the chairman (1864-82) Petersburg AN, admiral (1855), columns (1866). The participant of round-the-world expedition 1817-19 V.M.Golovnina. In 1821-24 supervised over probes It is new. The Earth and Barentseva the m., in 1826-29 - round-the-world expedition on shljupe "Senjavin", has discovered 2 groups of islands Karblinskoj of a circuit, has constituted complex characteristics Beringova in m. One of osnovatelej and chiefs of Russian geographycal society. The chairman of the Marine scientist of committee (with 1846).
  • LITL-AMERICA (Little America), the generalized title of five American polar stations in 1929-59 on ice shelf Rossa in Zap. To Antarctica.
  • LITTLEWOOD (Littlwood) Dzhoan Modes (r. 1914), the English producer. In 1945 has organized theatre " Óîðêøîï ". Worked at the most known theatres of the Great Britain much.
  • LITTLEWOOD John Idenzor (1885-1977), the English mathematician. Transactionses on a number theory, function theories.
  • LITL-FATE (Little Rock), city in the south the USA, an administrative centre pieces. Arkansas. 176 thousand inhabitants (1990, with suburbs over 500 thousand inhabitants). A port on r. Arkansas. Instrumentation technologies, including manufacture of air component parts, a photo, cine equipments, etc. Wood-working, aluminium, a chemical industry. University.
  • LITO... (from grech. lithos - a stone), the part of the composite words meaning: relating a stone, to a hearth. To breeds (napr., lithogenesis, a lithograph).
  • The LITHUANIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (the official title up to 1989 Academy of sciences Lithuanian SSR), is based in 1941 in Vilnius. In 19903 branches, 13 scientific institutes.
  • The LITHUANIAN FILM STUDIO art and hronikalno-documentaries, is built to 1940 (Kaunas), with 1949 in Vilnius. Among films: " Alive heroes " (1960), " nobody wanted to die " (1965), " This damned humility " (1970), " Gerkus Mantas " (1972), " CHertova the bride " (1975), "Fact" (1981), " Excuse, please " (1982), " Woman and four its men " (1984), " Tracks oborotnja " (1987), " Hour of a full moon " (1988).
  • The LITHUANIAN REGISTER (from polsk. metryka - archive), collection of certificates and ancient documents (in copies), constituted in state office of the Great principality Lithuanian. Ok. 600 handwritten books.
  • The LITHUANIAN OPERA, is based in 1920 in Kaunas as opera theatre, in 1944 - the Lithuanian opera and ballet theatre, in 1948 is transferbed to Vilnius, with 1954 academic, about 1990 modern title.
  • The LITHUANIAN AGRICULTURAL ACADEMY, is based in 1924, Norejkishkes (bliz Kaunas). Plots engineering staff on the main branches of a farm - production, a forestry, an amelioration and a land organisation. In 1991 ok. 7,6 thousand students.
  • The LITHUANIAN SOVIET ENCYCLOPEDIA, the generalpurpose encyclopedia. It is exhausted in the Lithuanian tongue in 12 vol. (13 kn.; 1976-85; the managing editor - J.Zinkus).
  • LITHUANIAN TJAZHELOUPRJAZHNAJA BREED of horses, is introduced in is grey. 20 century also get divorced in Lithuania. Animal mean growth, unpretentious, hardy, serviceable.
  • The LITHUANIAN STATUSES 1529, 1566 and 1588, codes of the feudal law of the Great principality Lithuanian, plugging the right state, land, criminal, remedial, hereditary. Have consolidated privileges of feudal lords, have strengthened a serfdom, have a little limited arbitrariness of magnates. The Lithuanian status 1588 is finally cancelled in 1840.
  • The LITHUANIAN CLASP (Seven-towered), the Petersburg urban prison, is constructed in 1787. with kon. 19 century political. It incinerated in February revolution 1917.
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