LOGIC OPERATION, the operation above figures (it is routine in a two-component system of notation), executed on regulations of a Boolean algebra. The main and most widespread logic operations sold in a computer, - a disjunction, a conjunction, denial; at drawing up of the computer programs more the composite logic operations routinely reduce to three main.The LOGIC ERROR, is invoked by an abuse of regulations or laws of logic; an attribute of formal insolvency of definitions keeping her, reasonings, breedings and proofs.LOGIC SEMANTICS, the theory investigator problems of interpreting of logarithmic calculations: attitudes between tongue of calculation and a reality circumscribed by him - a model of the theory, ecological conditions of models of calculations, their practical applicability, etc. In more special sense - the deductive theory circumscribing properties of concept of a truth in formalized tongues of logic and mathematics.The LOGIC LAW, the title of the laws which are generatrix the basis of logic deduction; the scheme of logical connection of the expressions, expressed (a postulate or the theorem) which cogency escapes from one only interpretations of logic operations included in it and in essence irrelevants by the valid formula of logic with an actual truth of expressions "charging" her.LOGIC POSITIVISM, flow neopozitivizma, arisen in 1920th (the Austrian circle); attempted to combine the empiricism grounding on a principle of verification, with a method of the logic analysis of scientific knowledge. About 2-nd floor. 30th has become it is known under the title of logic empiricism; since 60th does not exist as do-it-yourself flow. See also Analytical philosophy.LOGIC SYNTAX, in a broad sense - the theory (it is possible, axiomatic), construing philosophy of construction of logarithmic calculations and their formal structure (theoretical logic syntax); in fine-bored sense - a reserve of an indicative means for formulation of statements about formal expressions (tongue) of a logical calculus (elementary logic syntax).LOGICAL COMPONENT the elementary base unit of the computer executing a fixed logic operation above binary variable. It will be realized routinely on electronic devices (crystal rectifiers, transistors) and resistors or by the way an integrated circuit; has some orifices for the signal detection, conforming initial variable, and an output for issue of the signal conforming to outcome of operations.LOGICAL CALCULUS, calculation, numerals and which rules can be interpreted in terms of logic.LOGIC INQUEST, the judgment (the proposal, the expression, the formula), received by means of deductive reasoning from some initial judgments.... LOGIJA (from grech. logos - the word, the doctrine), the part of the composite words meaning: science, knowledge, the doctrine, napr., geology, philology.DEN (logovishche), a place of long-time leisure time activities, hibernation or breeding of babies for some mammals. The den, as against a hole, is settled on a surface of the Earth and routinely located in a secluded place: in a dense brush, reedbeds, in a gully, under a canopy of a rock or in a cave. A den jackals, foxes, wolfs, hyenas, tigers, lions settle, wild boars. A den of the bear call as a hole. A den, used short-term, call keeper; their hares, rodents and the majority ungulate settle.LOGOMETER (from grech. logos - the word, here - attitude and... Meter), the mechanism for measurement of attitude of 2 electrical values (it is routine currents in windings of his movement) by a balancing of driving torques originating at it. It is applied in electrical measuring instruments.LOGONE (Logon) (Logone), the river in Center. To Africa, in Republic Chad and Cameroon, the left-handed in-leak r. Shari. Length of 965 kms (from a headstream r. Mbere). Average discharge of water 540 m3 / with. At the strong high waters the part of a drainage acts in basin of Niger (on system of ducts in r. A mayo - Kebbi - in-leak r. Benue). It is navigable in a rainy season below. Bongor.LALOPATHY (from grech. logos - the word, speech and... patija), general notation of voice failure at normal ear.LALIATRY (from grech. logos - the word, speech and paideia - education), the branch of defectology investigator violations of speech at normal ear and developing ways of their overcoming and the warning.LOGOS (grech. logos), one of the main concepts of ancient greek philosophy; "word" ("proposal", "expression", "speech") and "sense" ("concept", "judgment", "grounding") is simultaneous. It is entered Geraklitom: logos as generalpurpose conciseness, a rhythm and a proportionality of life, identical pervostihii fire. In stoicism - efirno-igneous a shower of cosmos and set of form-building potencies (" seed logosy ") from which in an inert matter things "are conceived". In christianity logos it is identified to 2-nd face of the Trinity.The TRADE MARK (English logotype from grech. logos - the word and typos - an impress), 1) the typographical letter with the most common words and syllables for a panel. 2) Specially the designed, stylized abbreviated form of a trade name, often in an original trace.LOGOFET GREAT, 1) in the byzantian state machinery with kon. 12 century the officer under which supervisory control there was all civil steering. 2) the Great chancellor, a saver of a state seal and the secretary gospodarskoj offices in the Moldavian state of 15-19 centuries. In absence gospodarja executed his functions.LOGRONO (Logrono), city in a north of Spain, in verhovjah r. Ebro, an administrative centre of administrative range and a province of Ac - Rioha. 121 thousand inhabitants (1991.) Center vinogradorskogo and a wine producing region of Ac - Rioha. Wood-working, textile, a food-processing industry.
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