Friday, May 11, 2007

  • LORGNETTE (frants. lornette), collapsible glasses with the handle. It was used from 18 century in aristocratic circles. The lorgnette was worn attached to a chain.
  • LORREN (Lorrain) (an ice-film. fam. ZHelle, Gellee) Klod (1600-82), the French painter and the schedule. The representative of a classicism. In solemn on a composition "theoretical" landscapes were introduced with lyricism, the mood, the thin effects of illumination (a series " Times of day ") is pensive - elegicheskoe. The master of drawing and an etching.
  • LORH Alexander Georgievich (1889-1980), the Russian selector, one of initiators of selection and a strain testing of a potato in the USSR, the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1964). The writer of grades Lorh, Korenevsky. The state premium of the USSR (1946).
  • LORTSING (Lortzing) Albert (1801-51), the german composer. Has introduced the investment in development of german comic opera and zingshpilja the season of romanticism. Opera " Tsar and the carpenter " (1837; about Peter I), etc., choruses.
  • LORE (Laurier) Uilfrid (1841-1919), the prime minister of Canada in 1896-1911, the leader of Liberal party with 1887. Achieved a full autonomy of Canada in structure of British Empire.
  • LOS-ALAMOS (Lo Alamos), city on a southwest the USA, pieces. New Mexico. 11 thousand inhabitants (1980.) Center of nuclear probes.
  • LOS-ALAMOSSKAJA SCIENTIFIC LABORATORY, research control center of power probes the USA. It is based in 1943. Works under a guiding of the Californian university. Probes on a nuclear physics, biology, chemistry and other ranges, the bound primarily with a problem of use of a nuclear energy. Some boosters, including t. n. A meson factory. In laboratory activities on building the first American atomic bomb were led.
  • LOS-ANDZHELES (Los Angeles), city and a port in the south of the Pacific shore the USA, pieces. California. 3,5 million inhabitants (1990, with suburbs over 7 million inhabitants). Los Angeles prolate from a north on the south more than on 80 kms. An international airport. The main economic centre of the West the USA. A port capacity over 25 million t annually. Aerospace, radio electronic, machine-building, military, chemical, a food-processing industry. A crude production. The main centre of motion picture industry and videobusiness (Hollywood). The large centre of scientific probes, 3 universities. Museums: a natural history of county Los Angeles, arts of county Los Angeles, Southwest, etc. X Games and XXIII Olympic (1932, 1984). In environs bayshore climatic health resorts. It is based in 1781 Spaniards. Up to 1848 in structure of Mexico.
  • " LOS-ANDZHELES TAJMS " (" Los Angeles Times "), a daily morning paper in the USA, with 1881, Los Angeles (pieces. California).
  • LOSEV Alexey Fedorovich (1893-1988), the Russian philosopher and the philologist, the professor (1923). In 1930-33 has been repressed. In activities of 20th has given peculiar synthesis of ideas of Russian religious philosophy nach. 20 century, first of all Christian neoplatonizma, and also Schelling dialectics and Gegelja, phenomenology Gusserlja. In Losev centre of attention - problems of a numeral and the myth (" Philosophy of a name ", 1927; " Dialectic of the myth ", 1930), dialectics of art creativity and especially antique mythology of perception of the world in his structural wholeness. With it is grey. 1950th has published ok. 30 monographies, including monumental transactionses on a history of antique idea " the History of an antique aesthetics " in 8 vol. The state premium of the USSR (1986).
  • LOSEV Lev Vladimirovich (r. 1937), the Russian poet, the literary critic. With 1976 in emigration in the USA. At the centre of the poetry noted by the game, irony, elements of a parody, tsitatnostju, - themes of Russia, searches of meaning of the life, motives of loneliness. Collections of verses: " Wonderful landing " (1985), "Privy councillor" (1987), " Cramps on Charles and Klare " (1996), etc.; collections of an essay and points: " the Closed allocator " (1984), " Brodsky Poetics " (1986), etc.
  • LOSEV Oleg Vladimirovich (1903-42), Russian radio physicses. Has created (1922) semiconductor radio receiver (kristadin). Has discovered a number of the phenomena in crystalline semiconductors (" Losev luminescence ", a photoelectric effect, etc.).
  • LOSENKO Anton Pavlovich (1737-73), the Russian painter and risovalshchik. The representative of a classicism. In patterns on themes of Russian and antique history the conditionally - academic treatment combined with tendency to uncover the composite ethical conflict (" Vladimir before Rognedoj ", 1770).
  • LOSINO-PETER, city (with 1951) in the Russian Federation, the Moscow region, at a lockin r. Vorja to Klyazma, bliz zh.-d. An item. Monino. 22,5 thousand inhabitants (1992). Factory of slaughtering of a wool.
  • LOSINY, fitting tightly trousers, from losinoj suede, a fitting of the military form (predominary heavy cavalry) in Russian and some other european armies in 18 - nach. 20 centuries.
  • LOSINYJ the ISLAND, the first national park in Russia on north-east of Moscow and in the Moscow region. It is derivated in 1983. The area over 11 thousand ga. It was guarded from times of Ivan of IV Terrible - " gosudareva a reserved grove ". From 17 century the terrain of park was intensively used; from 19 century the cultural forestry is conducted; the modern landscapes Losinogo of an island test the strong deleterious effect of Moscow. Epines of aged conifers and broad-leaved forests, bogs in headstreams r. JAuza. The moose, a wild boar, a marten, a beaver; different kinds a fill and wood - cocks, a hobby, a woodpecker, etc. Tracks of settlements of nations vjatichej (3 tumuluses, 10 รข), residues of a palace (including unique Dutch tiles) tsar Alexey Mihajlovicha Were saved. The oldest in Russia Mytishchinskaja a water supply plant.
  • RAGS Michael Petrovich (1906-40), the Russian writer. In ocherkovoj to the prose combining documentation and artistry, - a theme of socialist construction. Books: " the End of a petty-bourgeois narrow passage " (1928), " the Thirteenth caravan " (1938), " Stories about roads " (1935), etc. In 1937 it is repressed; has died in the conclusion; it is rehabilitated posthumously.
  • LOSOSEOBRAZNYE, order of bony fishes. Length from 2,5 sm up to 1,5 m. Marine (including abyssal), bulkhead and fresh-water fishes. 27 sets, including salmons, white - fishes, graylings, pikes, smelts, etc., in all oceans and in fresh waters of both hemispheres. Many lososeobraznye - the important object of a craft, cultivation and acclimatization.
  • SALMONS (salmon family), a set of fishes of order lososeobraznyh. Length from 50 sm up to 1,5 m. Freshwater and migratory fishes of Boreal hemisphere. 8 stems, in basin the Sowing. Ledovitogo ok., in boreal part of the Atlantic and Quiet oceans, Black, Caspian and Aral seas. Many valuable food fishes concern to salmons - a humpback, a Siberian salmon, a chinook salmon, a red salmon, a salmon, tajmeni, an alpinetundra belt, etc. 1 kind and 1 subspecies are guarded.
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