Friday, May 11, 2007

  • The STRIPED MULLET - ROSTOV Alexey Borisovich (1824-96), prince, the Russian statesman, the diplomat, the honorary member Petersburg AN (1876). In 1882-95 salting in Vienna, in 1895-96 Minister for Foreign Affairs. Transactionses. On a history, a genealogy.
  • LOBANOVSKY Valery Vasiljevich (r. 1939), the Ukrainian sportsman (football), the master of sport of the USSR (1960), the deserved trainer of the USSR (1975). The champion of the USSR (1961.) higher trainer of a combined team of the USSR (1975-76, 1982-83, 1986-90).
  • LOBARIJA, a stem of foliate lichens. Ok. 70 kinds, predominary in tropical subtropical and teploumerenennyh ranges, especially in oceanic areas. Will grow on a bark of trees, rocks, etc. Lobariju pulmonary use in perfumery. This kind and lobarija broad - are guarded.
  • LOBACHEVSKY Nikolay Ivanovich (1792-1856), the Russian mathematician, the creator of a non-Euclidean geometry (Lobachevsky geometry). The rector of the Kazan university (1827-46). Lobachevsky discovering (1826, published 1829-30), not received confession of contemporaries, has committed tumble in submission about a nature of the space in which basis more than 2 thousand flying the doctrine of Euclid lied, and has rendered huge influence on development of mathematical intellection. Transactionses on algebra, a calculus, theories of probabilities, mechanics, physics and astronomy.
  • LOBACHEVSKY the GEOMETRY constructed in 1826 N.I.Lobachevskim the geometrical theory, founded on the same main parcels, as routine Euclidean geometry, except for a postulate (postulate) about parallel. The Euclidean postulate states: in a plane through the point which is not superjacent on given direct, it is possible to conduct one, and only one, direct, parallel given, i.e. its not crossing. In Lobachevsky geometry this postulate is substituted following: in a plane through the point which is not superjacent on given direct, it is possible to conduct more than one direct, not crossing given. In Lobachevsky geometry many theorems are distinct from analogous theorems of an Euclidean geometry; napr., the sum of angles of a triangle less than two direct, two similar triangles always are peer among themselves. Despite of an external paradoxicality of these breedings, Lobachevsky geometry has appeared logically purely equitable with Euclidean. Discovering of a non-Euclidean geometry of Lobachevsky has introduced basic changes to submissions about a nature of the space.
  • LOBASHEV Vladimir Mihajlovich (r. 1934), Russian physics, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1970). Son M.E.Lobasheva. The main transactionses on an experimental nuclear physics. The lenin premium. (1974).
  • LOBASHEV Michael Efimovich (1907-71), Russian genetics and the physiologist. The professor I LIE (with 1953). The main transactionses on probe of a mutation and a recombination, a behavioral genetics, physiologies of the maximum nervous activity and to formation of adaptive reactions in an ontogenesis animal. The tutorial "Genetics" (1 issuing, 1963).
  • LOBBYISM (from English lobby - a lobby where deputies of parliament could communicate with ectogenic), the specific institute of political system representing the mechanism of influence private and public organizations - political parties, trade unions, corporations, the enterprise unions, etc. (t. n. Groups of pressure) on decision-making process by parliament. First of all, lobbyism falls into to government expenditures, the financial grants, managing posts in parliamentary committees, etc. Lobbyism has arisen for the first time in the USA where lobbist activity with 1946 is adjusted by the federal act.
  • LOBELIA, stem of grasses, subshrubs and bushes of a set lobelievyh. Ok. 350 kinds, predominary in tropics and subtropics on the wet places. Medicinal (contain an alkaloid a lobeline - a stimulator of respiration), ornamental plants, weeds. The water lobelia - is guarded.
  • LOBENGULA (Lobengula) (ok. 1836-94), the governor of people matabele in JUzh. To Africa in 1870-94. Headed armed extirpation matabele against the English troops.
  • JIG SAW, hand tool for a curvilinear (figure) sawing out of items from a tree or mild metal. The air-operated or electrical hand-power machine with such instrument calls as a jig saw also.
  • LOBITO (Lobito), city and a port in Angola, on Atlantic ok. 150 thousand inhabitants (1983). The western terminal of the trans-African railway Beira - Lobito. Alimentary, metal-working, cement, woodworking enterprises; shipyards. An international airport.
  • PLACE OF EXECUTION, 1) a high ground, a hill, a tumulus, a mound. 2) the Circular stone scaffold with a barrier wall on the Red area in Moscow, is constructed in 1534 (in the modern kind with 1786). From him in 16-17 centuries imperial decrees and orders were disclosed. In 16-18 centuries about a place of execution on special scaffolds executions were sometimes committed.
  • LOP NOR, drainless salinous shallow-water lake on the west of China, at the altitude 780 m. Eats waters rr. Tarim and Konchedarja which only periodically reach Lop Nor. The maximum area over 3000 êì2. Often changes lineaments, in the shallow seasons disintegrates on some reaches or dries up.
  • LOBNJA, city (with 1961) in the Russian Federation, the Moscow region. A depot. 61 thousand inhabitants (1992). Factories: building porcelain, electrotechnical; hlopkoprjadilnaja f.
  • LOBOV Oleg Ivanovich (r. 1937), the Russian statesman. With 1985 chairman Sverdlovsk oblispolkoma. With 1987 vice-president of SM of RSFSR. With 1989 2-nd secretary of Central Committee KP of Armenia. In 1991-92 1-st vice-president of SM of RSFSR. In 1993 vice-president of government of the Russian Federation, Minister of Economics; in 1993-95 secretary of Security Council of the Russian Federation; with 1996 vice-president of government.
  • DRAG, the same, that an aerodynamic drag.
  • REAPER - HARVESTER, the elementary reaper on horse or a tractor traction, used for cleaning grain and other crops. Skewed bread moved on a ramp of a reaper - harvester and by hand-carry vilami was dumped on a field.
  • LOBODA Grigory (?-1596), the hetman of Zaporozhye cossacks, the chief of revolts on Ukraine in kon. 16 century.
  • LOBODA Peter Grigorjevich (1907-79), the Russian actor, the national actor of the USSR (1976). With 1937 (with rests) at the Rostov - na-Donu drama theatre him. M.Gorkogo.
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