Friday, May 25, 2007

  • To TANK, capital (with 1920) Azerbaijan. The railway junction, a port on the Caspian m., is connected by ferry crossings to ports of eastern shore (Krasnovodsk, Bekdashem, Aktau). 1080,5 thousand inhabitants (1991; including suburban occupied points of 1713,3 thousand inhabitants). An industry: oil and gas, oil refining, petrochemical, chemical, machine-building (manufacture of the petroleum equipment, instrumentation technologies, the electrical engineer and radio electronics, a ship repair, etc.), Manufacture of a building materials, mild, alimentary. Underground railway (with 1967). AN Azerbaijan, 11 high schools (including 3 universities), 7 theatres. Ok. 30 museums (including a museum of arts, the Azerbaijan museum of a carpet, a national applied art). It is known from 5 century, with 1747 capital Baku hanstva, with 1806 in Russian empire. An ancient part of Baku - "strength", or Icherisheher (state istoriko-architectonic reservation). A palace shirvanshahov, a minaret of the Synyk-faecal matter (11 century), the Maiden tower, " Bailovskie stones " (13 century), etc.
  • BAKULEV Alexander Nikolaevich (1890-1967), the Russian surgeon, one of founders of cardiovascular surgery, academician AN the USSR (1958), the academician (1948) and the president (1953-60) AMN the USSR, the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1960). The organizer and the first director (1955-58) Institutes of cardiovascular surgery AMN (nowadays him{it}. Bakuleva). Transactionses on surgery of lungs, treatment of gunshot wounds. The lenin premium of the USSR (1957), the State premium of the USSR (1949).
  • BAKUNINY Alexey Aleksandrovich (1823-82) and Nikolay Aleksandrovich (1818-1901), the Russian public figures, M.A.Bakunin brothers. Participants of preparation and realization of country reform 1861. In 1862 have headed liberal - constitutional performance{statement} of the Tver intermediarys. Are encased in the Peter and Paul Fortress, after discharging are discharged of community work.
  • BAKUNTS Aksel (1899-1938), the Armenian writer. The collection of stories and stories about life of the Armenian peasantry (" In dark a gorge ", 1927), the collection of short stories (" Sowers of black arables ", 1933), satirical chronicle "Kiores" (1935). It is repressed; it is rehabilitated posthumously.
  • BAKURIANI, gornoklimatichesky a health resort in Georgia, on boreal downslopes Trialetskogo hr. A depot. Center of mountain skiing. A botanical garden.
  • BAKUFU, government of three dynasties of shoguns in Japan with kon. 12 century on 1867.
  • BAKUSHINSKY Anatoly Vasiljevich (1883-1939), the Russian historian of art, the art critic, the teacher. Developed a technique of museum excursions, principles of aesthetic education, promoted revitalization of art crafts Paleha and Mstery.
  • BAKSHEEV Vasily Nikolaevich (1862-1958), the Russian painter, the national artist of the USSR (1956), the full member AH the USSR (1947). Peredvizhnik. Conversations (" Everyday prose ", 1892-93). In the Soviet time kept traditions of Russian plein-air lyrical landscape (" Light-blue spring ", 1930). The state premium of the USSR (1943).
  • BAKSHI (Bakshi) Ralf (r. 1938), the American producer - animator, the scripter. The writer of numerous films - imaginations. In 1972 has delivered an erotic pattern "Cat Frits". One of first has become to combine animation with the game of alive actors ("Rush hour", 1973).
  • BAKSHONSKAJA CROP (in archeology), epoch of a neolith in JUgo-Vost. Asia. The title on mountains Bakshon in Vietnam. Cave parking. An economy: collecting, a hunt.
  • BACK STAY (niderl. bakstag), 1) a course of a sailing vessel at a quartering tailwind when the angle between a centerline of a vessel and a wind direction is more 90 and less 180 °... 2) Tackle (cable) for fastening ship spar trees, flues, etc.
  • BAKY (Baki) Mahmud (1526-1600), the turkish poet. The master kasydy and elegii acted in all poetic genres of the time.
  • BAKEU (Bacau), city on the orient Romania, an administrative centre zhudetsa Bakeu. 193 thousand inhabitants (1989). A pulp and paper, wood-working, textile industry, a machine industry.
  • BALABAN Gideon (1530-1607), Ukrainian church and the political figure, the Lvov diocesan; the opponent of the Brest union. Has based greko-slavonic school. BALABAN Dionisy (mind{wit}. 1663), metropolitan Kiev (1657), the opponent of subordination of Ukraine to the Moscow patriarch.
  • BALABANOVO, city (with 1972) in the Russian Federation, the Kaluga region. A depot. 19,9 thousand inhabitants (1992). The Russian scientific research institute of a woodworking industry, etc.
  • BALABUEV Peter Vasiljevich (r. 1931), the Ukrainian aircraft designer, Dr.Sci.Tech., the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1975). Under guiding Balabueva airplane Àí-225 "Mrija" is built. The state premium of the USSR (1973).
  • HUT (from the persian. balahane - the upper room, a balcony).. 1) (ustar). Temporary mild construction... 2) the Theatrical show, predominary comic character at fairs and festivals (in Russia with it is grey. 18 century)... 3) (Peren.) something frivolous, shutovskoe, rude - trite.
  • STEPPES BALAGANSKIE, plain in an interfluve of rivers Unga and Zalari (a bass. Angara) in Irkutsk region. An altitude of 450-650 m. Mostly ploughed up.
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