Friday, May 18, 2007

  • VELISARY (Belisarios) (ok. 504-565), the byzantian commander of emperor Justiniana I. Has gained victories above irantsami, vandals in the Sowing. To Africa, has won for ostgotov JUzh. And Compare. Italy.
  • VELITY (an armour. velites), a mild infantry in structure of a Roman legion in 4-3 centuries up to n. e. Arms - an onions, a sling, a dart. Protective arms had no.
  • VELIHOV Eugeny Pavlovich (r. 1935), the Russian physics - theorist, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; academician AN the USSR with 1974), the vice-president of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; vice-president AN the USSR with 1978), the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1985). The main transactionses on plasma physics, hydromagnetics, a problem of steered thermonuclear fusion. The lenin premium (1984), the State premium of the USSR (1977).
  • VALUE, in mathematics-1) generalization of concrete concepts: lengths, the areas, weight, etc. Having picked one of values of the given stem for unit, it is possible to express figure attitude of any other value of the same stem to unit. 2) More generally a scalar value, or a scalar, the object completely defined by the task of one figure calls. Generalization of scalar values are vector quantities (see. A vector), tensor values (see. A calculus of tensors).
  • VELICHKA (Wieliczka), city in the south of Poland. 18 thousand inhabitants (1990). A balneal health resort. Salt shaft (since 11 century). In aged salt mines nowadays a museum and sanatorium. Center of tourism.
  • VELICHKO Konstantin Ivanovich (1856-1927), the Russian artificer officer. The writer of transactionses on fortification and designs of strengths. In 1-¯ world war the field inspector of an engineering part at the Pond, the engineer - general (1916). After October revolution in Red Army, the professor of Military - engineering academy.
  • VELICHKO Maxim Konstantinovich (r. 1922), the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1966), the full gentleman of order of Glory (1944, 1945, 1945), the foreman. In Great Domestic war the squad leader of investigation ammunition a shelf. After war the foreman of markers at factory.
  • VELICHKO Samuil Vasiljevich (1670 - ok. 1728), the Ukrainian historian, the ideologist of the cossack foreman. The writer of the Annals of events in JUgo-Zap. Russia in 17 century.
  • WELKOM (Uelkom) (Welkom), city in the republic of South Africa. 132 thousand inhabitants (1980.) Center of production of gold and uranium. A chemical industry.
  • VELLANSKY Danilo Mihajlovich (1774-1847), the Russian scientist - physician and the philosopher. " Proljuzija to medicine... " (1805) - 1 composition in Russia, proniknutoe ideas of naturalistic philosophy of F.V.Schelling. The writer of " Trial, observation and speculative physics " (1831).
  • VELLER (Weller) T. X., see Ueller T.H.
  • VELLING Boris Konstantinovich (1892-1923), the Russian pilot, the participant of the first Soviet flights. During 1-st world war was in a field army, has been appointed as the instructor of the Moscow school of aircraft and in 1917 it is elected by its chief voting. In Red Army wared on Eastern and Turkestani fronts. In 1921-23 has committed a number of the first long-distance flights (including. Poltoratsk-Kagan-Kerki-Termez and back). In 1922 it is appointed as the chief of department of educational institutions of Air fleet of RSFSR. Has perished during practice flight.
  • VELLINGTON (Wellington) (Wellington), capital Is new. Zealand, on Boreal island. 152 thousand inhabitants (1992). Seaport (freight turnover ok. 15 million t annually). An international airport. A food-processing industry, a machine industry, metallurgy, wood-working, impregnated-paper, a light industry. University. A royal society It is new. Zealand. The New Zealand academy of fine arts, national art passageway. Karterovskaja an observatory, the National museum. It is based in 1840. It is called named A.Vellingtona. Capital with 1865.
  • VELLINGTON (Wellington) (Wellington) Arthur Uelsli (Wellesley) (1769-1852), duke (1814), the English field marshal (1813). In wars against napoleonic France commanding an allied troops on Pirenejskom p-ove (1808-13) and the anglo-Netherlands army at Waterloo (1815). In 1827-52 commander-in-chief the English army. In 1828-30 prime minister of the cabinet tori, in 1834-35 Minister for Foreign Affairs.
  • VELLINGTONIJA, see. A Sequoiadendron.
  • VELLORE, city in JUzh. India, pieces. Tamil Nadu. 172 thousand inhabitants (1991.) Center of a farming area. The ancient temple complex, including the Hookah mantapam (16 century).
  • VELNJAS (Velinas, Velns), in Baltic mythology the godhood of the underground world, opponent Perkunasa.
  • CYCLE RACING of the WORLD, lasting many days international competition of bicyclists on route Warsaw - Berlin - Prague; it was conducted annually (with 1948) editions of newspapers " the Tribune ljudu ", " Nojes Dojchland " and " to Ore the right ". In 1985-86 it was conducted also on terrain USSR redatsiej newspapers "Truth". An average of participants ok. 100. Command offset the greatest number of times (20) was beaten by the Soviet bicyclists (1990); in personal - Pole R.Shurkovsky (1970-71, 73, 75); among the Soviet racers - S.A.Suhoruchenkov (1979, 84).
  • VELODROM (from the velocipede and grech. dromos - trot race, a place for trot race), the sporting structure (open or covered) for trainings and competitions on bicycle sport, will consist of a racetrack with tribunes, auxiliary rooms.
  • The VELOCIPEDE (from an armour. velox - fast and pes - a leg), two or (less often) the tricycle machine for removal, with a drive from 2 treadles through a chain drive. Distinguish velocipedes road for adult, adolescents, children (including collapsible), sporting (including tandems), special (cargo, circus, velokoljaski, etc.). The velocipede with an internal-combustion engine calls as a moped.
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