Thursday, May 17, 2007

  • WALACHIA, historical range in the south of Romania, between Carpathian mountains and Danube; it is divided r. Olt on Munteniju and Olteniju. Since 14 century. Walachia - the feudal principality, since 16 century - under turkish domination. On Adrianopolskomu to the peace treaty 1829 it is actually self-contained (under the protectorate of Russia up to 1856). In 1859-61 it was aggregated from Moldova in the unified state (since January 1862 - the Romanian principality).
  • VALASHSKOE REVOLT 1821, revolt in Walachia and some areas of Moldova against a press of aboriginal boyars and Greeks - fanariotov, turkish domination. The chief - T.Vladimiresku.
  • WALBRZYCH (Walbrzych), city on a southwest of Poland, administrative centre Valbzhihskogo voevodstva. 141 thousand inhabitants (1992.) Center Nizhnesilezskogo of a coal-mining district. A machine industry. A mountain museum. Bliz Walbrzych - mountain balneoklimatichesky a health resort - SHCHavno-zdruj.
  • VALVASOR (Valvasor) Ivan Vajkhard (1641-93), jugoslavjansky the historian, the writer of the istoriko-geographycal compositions, laid foundation historiography of Slovenia.
  • VALGA, (Valga), city in Estonia, on r. Pedeli (basin an eskar. Vyrtsjarv). A railway junction. 17,9 thousand inhabitants (1991). Manufacture of mixed foods, a meat-packing factory, sewing, furniture factories, etc. The Study of local lore museum. It is known from 13 century. Borders on to. A cutting (Latvia) with which up to 1920 compounded one city - It is shaky.
  • VALGALLA, see. Valhalla.
  • VALDAI, city (with 1770) in the Russian Federation, the Novgorod region, on Valdai an eskar. A railway junction. 19,7 thousand inhabitants (1992). Factories: the "Jove", mechanic; a food-processing industry. A study of local lore museum. Iversky a monastery (17 century). It is known about 1495. Center of leisure time activities and tourism.
  • The VALDAI HIGH GROUND (Valdai), in northwest of the European part of the Russian Federation. A relief hilly; a watershed verhovjev Volga, Zap. Dvina, etc. The Altitude up to 343 m. It is a lot of lakes, including. Seliger, Valdai, etc. Tourism.
  • VALDEMAR Krishjan (1825-1891), the Latvian public figure, the publicist and the economist. The leader mladolatyshej. The editor - publisher of the newspaper " Peterburgas avizes ".
  • VALDEMARPILS (up to 1917 official title Sasmakken), city in Latvia, on coast an eskar. Sasmakas, in 27 kms from zh.-d. An item. A bench. 1,6 thousand inhabitants (1991). Mild and a food-processing industry. It is known from 16 century.
  • VALEK Miroslav (1927-91), the Slovak poet. Collections of civil, filosofsko-intellectual and intimal lyrics "Attraction" (1961), "Disturbing" (1963), " Love in a goosellesh " (1965), " the Forbidden love " (1977), a poetic composition "Word" (1976). Publicism.
  • VALENSA (Walensa) Leh (r. 1943), Polish state and the public figure. In 1990-96 president of Poland. One of osnovatelej (1980) and the leader profobedinenija "Solidarity" (up to 1991). The Nobel Prize of the world (1983).
  • GULF OF VALENCIA Mediterranean m., for eastern coast of Spain. Length of 42,5 kms, width of 144,5 kms, depth up to 500 m. A primary port - Valencia.
  • VALENCIA (Valencia) autonomous region on the orient Spain, for Mediterranean m. of 23,3 thousand êì2. The population 3,8 million person (1992). Adm. ts. - Valencia. Actuates prov. Alicante, Valencia, Kasteljon-de-la-Plana.
  • VALENCIA, city in a north of Venezuela, an administrative centre pieces. Karabobo. 903 thousand inhabitants (1990). Petrochemical, pulp and paper, textile, a leather and foot-wear industry. University. It is based in 1555.
  • VALENCIA, city in Spain, an administrative centre of autonomous region prov. Valencia. 753 thousand inhabitants (1991). A port on Mediterranean m. An international airport. A railway junction. A machine industry, a chemical, flavoring, wood-working, textile industry. 2 universities. A museum of fine arts, etc. It is based in 2 century up to n. e. Romans. A cathedral (13 - kon. 14 centuries), reinforced gate Torres de Serranos (13-14 centuries) and Torres de Kuarte (15 century), kolehio del Patriarka (16 century, in an interior painting Muriljo, Surbarana, Ale Greko), palace Aguas (Baroque, 18 century).
  • VALENT (Valens) (ok. 328-378), emperor of eastern part of Roman empire with 364. The brother and sopravitel Valentiniana I. Has sufferred a defeat from vestgotov in Adrianopolskom battle 378, has perished.
  • VALENT (Ual) Sevastijsky (mind. ok. 320), one of a magpie sevastijskih martyrs.
  • VALENTE (Valente) Hose Anhel (r. 1929), the spanish poet. With 1955 lives abroad (the Great Britain, Switzerland). Books of lyrics " something like hope " (1955), " Verses for Lazarus " (1959), " Memory and marks " (1966), "Initial point" (1972). Transfers of the English and italian poets, a literary - critical essay.
  • VALENTINE (mind. ok. 160), the creator of one of the most influential gnosticheskih religious - philosophical doctrines. It come from Egypt, with 136 in Rome, has died on about. Cyprus. Founded him the sect existed down to 5 century.
  • No comments: