Friday, June 15, 2007

  • VEGETATIVE ORGANS, the parts of a plant serving for maintenance of his{its} life. For lower plant - forms it is a thallome, for the maximum - a leaf, a stalk, a root. Compare. Generative organs.
  • VEGETATIVE PERIOD, 1) the season{term} of year in which growth and development (vegetation) of plants are possible{probable}; duration depends primarily on a geographic latitude, a climate (in a north he is shorter, in the south is longer). 2) Time (in day) from germination of seeds before ripening (in a plant growing from crop before cleaning{removal}). Napr., the vegetative season{term} of a winter wheat of 200-350 day, summer - 62-189 day.
  • VEGETATION (from an armour. vegetatio - exaltation, revival), a growth, active (as against a dormant state) vital activity of vegetative organisms.
  • VEGETSY (Vegetius) Flavy Rhenate (kon. 4 - nach. 5 centuries), the Roman military theorist and the historian. The writer of the tract about military science (combat training, organization of a troops, arms, battle formations, tactics, etc.).
  • VEGIN Peter Viktorovich (r. 1939), the Russian poet. With 1989 in the USA. The first collection of verses - "Spiral staircase" (1968). In the poetry noted affluent metaforikoj and irony, reverts to themes of a nature, daily life, art. Collections of verses: " Cross to Summer " (1973), " Winter mail " (1978), " Above roofs{covers} " (1979), " Mia maid of the Father and Mother " (1981), "Silver" (1984), "Workshop" (1989), etc.
  • VEDANGA (sanskr. A part ved), vedijskie the texts dedicated sacramental, ethymology, grammar, phonetics, the register and astronomy.
  • VEDANTA (sanskr., characters. - an end ved), the most widespread indian religious - philosophical flow; to vedante naturally vedanta, purva-mimansa, some doctrines vishnuizma and shivaizma, and also neoinduizma in a broad sense concern. Naturally vedanta - one of six orthodox (admitting authority ved) philosophical systems; compositions "Vedanta-sutra" (or "Brahma-sutra") - it is attributed to wise man Badarajane (4-3 centuries up to n. e.). It is based to treatment of expressions shruti (" sacred texts " induizma) about atmane (the personal spiritual beginning) and brahmane (the maximum reality). As the purpose of life vedanta considers{counts} "discharging", achievement of initial sameness atmana and brahmana. The latest versions naturally vedanty: advajtavedanta SHankary, doctrine Ramanudzhi. Representatives vedanty in new time: Ramakrishna, Vivekananda, Radhakrishnan, etc.
  • VEDDOIDNAJA the STRAIN, enters in major equatorial (negro-avstraloidnuju) strain. A corrugated hair, poor growth of a hair on a face and a body (as contrasted to avstraloidnoj strain) are characteristic. It is distributed in Center. And Vost. India (veddy, some groups bihartsev, bhilov, etc.), countries of Indochina (senoi, etc.) and in Indonesia (toala, etc.).
  • VEDDY, people, an aboriginal population of Sri Lanka (primarily Eastern prov.). Ok. 1 thousand person (1987). Belong to veddoidnoj to strain. Tongue indoiranskoj groups. Buddhists believing main{basic} and induisty.
  • VEDEKIND (Wedekind) Franc (1864-1918), the german writer. The precursor ekspressionizma; dramas " Waking of spring " (1891), " Marquis background Kejt " (1901); satirical verses in "Simplitsissimuse" (90th). A cult of "strong personality" in dilogii " Spirit of ground " (1895), " Box Pandory " (1904).
  • VEDENEYEV Boris Evgenjevich (1884/85-1946), Russian hydropowers, academician AN the USSR (1932). One of chiefs of construction Volkhov and Dneprovskoj a river plant participat in scheduling GOELRO. The main{basic} transactionses under the theory of economic evaluation of construction of a river plant. The state premium of the USSR (1943).
  • VEDENIN Vyacheslav Petrovich (r. 1941), the Russian sportsman, the deserved master of sport (1970). The champion of Olympic Games (1972), the world (1970), the repeated champion of the USSR (in 1966-73) in different kinds{views} of cross-countr.
  • VEDENISOV Boris Nikolaevich (1869-1952), the Russian scientist, corresponding member AN the USSR (1943). The chief of construction of some railway lines and structures. The state premium of the USSR (1943).
  • VEDERNIKOV Alexander Filippovich (r. 1927), the Russian singer (bass), the national actor of the USSR (1976). In 1955-58 at the Leningrad theatre of opera and ballet, with 1958 at Major theatre. 1-n the premium at International competition by him{it}. R.Schuman (Berlin, 1956). The state premium of the USSR (1969).
  • VEDZHVUD Dzh., see Uedzhvud Dzh.
  • VEDIJSKY TONGUE, tongue ved, ancient monuments of the indian literature - the most early version of old indian tongue.
  • VEDICHESKAJA RELIGION (vedijskaja religion), an early stage of formation of indian religion induizm. Carriers vedicheskoj religions were indoarijskie nations. It is known primarily on vedam. Characteristic - obozhestvlenie natural forces, often in mythological, indefinitely delineated modes{images}. The basis{fundamentals} of a cult - the immolations followed with the composite sacramental, executed{designed} brahmanami, the large value had magic solemnities. The most honored gods vedicheskogo a pantheon were Varuna, Indra, Agni and the Silurus. From vedicheskoj religions it was advanced brahmanizm.
  • VEDOVSTVO, see. Diablery.
  • DEPARTMENT, 1) the central establishment heading any branch of administration of government. 2) Steering in management of any official organ or a face.
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