Tuesday, July 3, 2007

  • The EAST EUROPE PLAIN (Russian plain), one of the largest plains of the terrestrial globe, occupying large part Vost. Europe. In a north it is washed against by waters White and Barentseva, in the south - Black, Azov and Caspian seas. On a southwest it is limited to Carpathian mountains, in the south - Caucasus, on the orient - Ural and Mugodzharami. In geologic attitude{relation} corresponds{meets} to the East Europe ramp. A mean altitude ok. 170 m (the greatest - up to 1191 m in Hibinah); the lowest marks - on a shore of the Caspian m. (28 m are lower than a sea level). On Russian plain - Timansky a block, Central Russian, Priazovskaja, Privolzhskaja and other high grounds, in the south and a southeast - a strip of bayshore lowlands: Prichernomorskaja, Prikaspijskaja, etc. In a north and northwest flat interfluves with a fumed - undulating land, in a central part and in the south - an ovrazhno-beam relief prevail{dominate}. The rivers of boreal part belong a bass. Arctic ok. (Mezen, Onega, Pechora, the Sowing. Dvina), western and austral - a bass. Baltic m. (Neman, Zapadnaya Dvina, Vistula, etc.), a bass. Black m. (Dnepr, Dnestr, JUzh. Bug) and a bass. Azov m. (Don); Volga, Ural and other run in Caspian m. The large part of terrain is located in a forest zone, central and austral parts - in zones of a forest steppe and steppe, a marginal southeast - in zones of a semidesert and desert (Prikaspijskaja nizm.). On a large part of terrain of East European plain the European part of the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova is located.
  • The EAST EUROPE PLAIN (Russian plain), one of the largest plains of the terrestrial globe, occupying large part Vost. Europe. In a north it is washed against by waters White and Barentseva, in the south - Black, Azov and Caspian seas. On a southwest it is limited to Carpathian mountains, in the south - Caucasus, on the orient - Ural and Mugodzharami. In geologic attitude{relation} corresponds{meets} to the East Europe ramp. A mean altitude ok. 170 m (the greatest - up to 1191 m in Hibinah); the lowest marks - on a shore of the Caspian m. (28 m are lower than a sea level). On Russian plain - Timansky a block, Central Russian, Priazovskaja, Privolzhskaja and other high grounds, in the south and a southeast - a strip of bayshore lowlands: Prichernomorskaja, Prikaspijskaja, etc. In a north and northwest flat interfluves with a fumed - undulating land, in a central part and in the south - an ovrazhno-beam relief prevail{dominate}. The rivers of boreal part belong a bass. Arctic ok. (Mezen, Onega, Pechora, the Sowing. Dvina), western and austral - a bass. Baltic m. (Neman, Zapadnaya Dvina, Vistula, etc.), a bass. Black m. (Dnepr, Dnestr, JUzh. Bug) and a bass. Azov m. (Don); Volga, Ural and other run in Caspian m. The large part of terrain is located in a forest zone, central and austral parts - in zones of a forest steppe and steppe, a marginal southeast - in zones of a semidesert and desert (Prikaspijskaja nizm.). On a large part of terrain of East European plain the European part of the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova is located.
  • The EAST - IRANIAN MOUNTAINS, within the limits of plateau of Iran, on the orient of Iran. Length ok. 1000 kms. An altitude up to 4042 m (burning mountain Teftan). Isolated masses with flat tops. Mountain steppes and semideserts.
  • The EAST KAZAKHSTAN RANGE, in Kazakhstan. 97,3 thousand êì2. The population of 949 thousand person (1991), urban 65 %. 6 cities, 20 urban settlements (1991.) Center - Ust Kamenogorsk. The large part of terrain is located in mountains of Altai; a maxheight over 4000 m. Mean temperatures of January from-17 up to-26 °S, July 19-23 °S. A rainfall from 120 up to 1000-1500 mm (in mountains) annually. The main river - Irtysh. An eskar. Markakol, Zaisan (in structure Buhtarminskogo vdhr.) . Nonferrous machine industry on the basis deposits of polymetals of Mining Altai. A machine industry and metal working, wood-working, mild, a food-processing industry, manufacture of a building materials. Ust-Kamenogorskaja, Ulbinskaja and Buhtarminskaja a river plant on r. Irtysh. In an agriculture not irrigation grain agriculture prevails{dominates}. Crops of sunflower; cultivate a potato, vegetables; a fruit growing. Dairy - meat and meat - sherstnoe animal husbandry (a large horned stock, sheeps, goats, pigs, horses). Beekeeping, fishery, hunting of fur animals. Navigation across Irtysh.
  • EAST - CHINESE PEST (Dunhaj), half-closed the pest Quiet ok., between shore Vost. Asia (China) and islands Rjukju and Kyushu (Japan). 836 thousand êì2. Depth in a western part less than 200 m, in eastern - up to 2719 m. Runs r. Yangtze. Fishery (a herring, the sardine), a crabbing, production of algae. Salt-making process from ocean water. Major ports: shanghai (China), Nagasaki (Japan).
  • The EAST - KOREAN MOUNTAINS, on the orient Korean p-ova, in Korea. An altitude up to 1915 m (. CHirisan). Broad-leaved and coniferous forests. In structure of the East - Korean mountains - mountains Kymgansan.
  • The EAST - KOREAN BAY of sea of Japan, for coasts Korean p-ova. Depth from 60 up to 2000 m. Fishery. Major ports: Vonsan and Hungnam (KNDR).
  • The EAST - PRUSSIAN OPERATION, 13.1-25.4.1945, during Great Domestic war. The Soviet troops of 2-nd (Marshal of Soviet Union K.K.Rokossovsky) and 3-rd (general I.D.Chernjahovsky, since February, 20 Marshal of Soviet Union A.M.Vasilevsky) Byelorussian fronts in interaction with Baltic fleet (admiral V.F.Tributs) have broken through the potent defence of a german army group "Center" (general - colonel G.Rejnhardt, since January, 26 - army groups "North", general - colonel L.Rendulich), have quitted to Baltic m. and liquidated the main{basic} enemy forces (over 25 divisions), having taken Vost. Prussia and having released boreal part of Poland.
  • The EAST - SAKHALIN MOUNTAINS (Eastern backbone), in eastern part about. Sakhalin. Length ok. 280 kms. An altitude up to 1609 m (. Lopatin). Will consist of the several echelon hrebtov, hardly fissured valleys. Seismicity up to 7 balls.
  • The EAST - SIBERIAN BRANCH of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Science, see. An Irkutsk centre of science of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science.
  • EAST - SIBERIAN the PEST, marginal sea Arctic ok., between Novosibirsk islands and about. Vrangelja. The area of 913 thousand êì2. It is located on a shelf. An average depth of 54 m, maximum 915 m. A large part of year it is ice-covered. A salinity from 5 ‰ close ustjev the rivers up to 30 ‰ in a north. Bays: Chaun bay, Kolyma, Omuljahskaja a lip. Large islands: Novosibirsk, Bear, Ajon. The rivers Indigirka, Alazeja, Kolyma run. A craft of a sea cow, a seal. Fishery. A main port - Pevek.
  • EAST - PACIFIC RAISING, submerged middle backbone Quiet ok. Differs in major width and prolixity of a downslope, slabovyrazhennymi rift valleys at broad sharing{participation} in formation of a relief of zones of cross faults. Length of 7600 kms, width up to 850 kms. A critical depth above a crest of 732 m.
  • The EAST - TUVA MOUNTAINS, in an interfluve of the lower flow of the rivers of B.Enisej (Bij-Hem) and M.Enisej (Ka-Hem), on the orient of Tuva. An altitude up to 2895 m. On downslopes a taiga and mountain tundra.
  • EASTERN ALPES, part of the Alpes to the orient from the cross valley bridging an eskar. Bodenskoe and Komo. Actuates Retijskie, Etstalskie, TSillertalskie, Dolomitic, JUlijskie the Alpes, Low and High Tauern and other hrebty. An altitude up to 4049 m (Bernina).
  • EASTERN BESKIDS, part of boreal border of Carpathian mountains in Poland and Slovakia. An altitude of 1000-1300 m. Actuate Low Beskids and Beshchady. In Eastern Beskids - saddle-point Duklja.
  • EASTERN GHATS (Eastern Ghaty), the mountains which are generatrix eastern surburb of the Decanal tableland, in India. Are dismembered on separate masses by an altitude up to 1680 m. Eastern downslopes, versed to the Bengal a hall., abrupter, than western. Monsoon forests.
  • EASTERN CARPATHIANS, mid-range of Carpathian mountains (between Zap. And JUzh. Carpathian mountains) in Slovakia, Poland, Romania and on Ukraine. Length ok. 750 kms. An altitude up to 2305 m (. Pjetros). Blended and coniferous forests, mountain meadows.
  • EASTERN CORDILLERAS of the ANDES, hrebty, generatrix eastern boundary circuits in a range of Andes in Columbia and Ecuador where they are structurally unified with Central Cordilleras, and also in Peru and Bolivia - Subandijskie Cordilleras. An altitude from 2000 up to 6000 m. In Ecuador active volcanoes. Eastern upwind downslopes are coated{obtected} with ever-green forests, western - defoliation - ever-green forests and light forests.
  • EASTERN SLAVS, one of three (alongside with western and austral) basic groups of the ancient slavs, derivated after disintegration their ethnic and a linguistic community. Has developed in 6-9 centuries in terrain Vost. Europe. An economy: tilled agriculture, cattle breeding, a hunt, fishery, a wild-hive beekeeping. Handcrafts. The breeding unions: to a glade, drevljane, krivichi, etc. The Finishing stage of military democracy. In 1-st floor. 9 century rannegosudarstvennye associations in Compare. Podneprovje and Priilmenje, becoming the basis{fundamentals} of the Kiev Russia in which the old russian nationality{national character} was formed.
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